Comm. Final Test

39 Questions

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Comm. Final Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ________________ proofs are those not created by the speaker, such as pre-existing documents or the testimony of a witness. 
  • 2. 
    Women typically ask questions to
    • A. 

      Solicit information

    • B. 

      Establish a connection with another person

    • C. 

      Change the topic of a conversation

    • D. 

      Show competence

  • 3. 
    Why does media ecology theory contend that media environments are invisible? 
    • A. 

      As things grow more obvious, we tend to play less attention to them

    • B. 

      They are permeable and regularly changing

    • C. 

      We are so immersed we don't notice them

    • D. 

      While we may notice the everyday, we fail to account for emerging technologies

  • 4. 
    While convergence involves moving closer to the other, __________________________ involves separating one’s self from the other. 
  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not one of the four flows of the communicative constitution of organizations?
    • A. 

      Membership negotiation

    • B. 

      Activity coordination

    • C. 

      Institutional positioning

    • D. 

      Self-monitoring

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not a type of story that can capture organizational life, according to cultural approach to organizations theory?
    • A. 

      Resistant stories

    • B. 

      Personal stories

    • C. 

      Collegial stories

    • D. 

      Corporate stories

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is not a requisite function of effective decision-making in a group?
    • A. 

      Problem analysis

    • B. 

      Goal setting

    • C. 

      Antagonistic cooperation

    • D. 

      Identification of alternatives

  • 8. 
    When dealing with conflict, individuals who are more concerned with others’ face than with their own face usually choose
    • A. 

      Integrating

    • B. 

      Dominating

    • C. 

      Obliging

    • D. 

      Compromising

  • 9. 
    The ultimate goal of muted group theory is to
    • A. 

      Transcend the “normal” world and put women in a special place

    • B. 

      Reduce the status of men and increase that of women

    • C. 

      Return to an earlier era of fixed gender roles

    • D. 

      Change the man-made linguistic system that keeps women “in their place”

  • 10. 
    The sign is a combination of _________________ and _________________. 
  • 11. 
    The initial claim of agenda-setting theory is that “the media don’t tell us what to think” but the media do “_____________________________________________.” 
  • 12. 
    The concept of face refers to
    • A. 

      A psychological self-image that can be granted, lost, defended and restored

    • B. 

      A public self-image that everyone wants to claim for himself/herself

    • C. 

      a projected image of one’s self in relational situations

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 13. 
    Standpoint theorists view gender as
    • A. 

      An essentialist category

    • B. 

      A category we should be skeptical about

    • C. 

      Culturally constructed

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    Standpoint theorists maintain that the perspectives of subordinate groups are 
    • A. 

      Monolithic

    • B. 

      Based on weak objectivity

    • C. 

      Less complete than those of men who are in dominant positions

    • D. 

      Better than those of privileged groups in society

  • 15. 
    Speech codes theory is built on the methodology of ______________________________ research. 
  • 16. 
    Rather than cater to an extreme position such as excess or deficiency, Aristotle advocated for ____________________. 
  • 17. 
    Pronounced influence or domination of one entity over another, especially of one nation over another, is called
    • A. 

      Totalitarianism

    • B. 

      ideology

    • C. 

      Hegemony

    • D. 

      Consensus

  • 18. 
    Muted group theory holds that men have difficulty understanding women's communication because
    • A. 

      Of biological reasons

    • B. 

      Women feel the need to conceal their experiences from men

    • C. 

      They haven't made the effort to find out about it

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Instead of asking, “what do the media do to people?” uses and gratifications theory asks 
    • A. 

      “How should we use media?”

    • B. 

      “What effect does the media have on people?”

    • C. 

      “Why do people gravitate towards certain media?”

    • D. 

      “What do people do with media?”

  • 20. 
    In symbolic convergence theory, analyzing fantasy themes within groups involves identifying 
    • A. 

      Dramatizing messages that rely on fictitious realities

    • B. 

      Rhetorical visions within communities and how they communicate shared fantasies

    • C. 

      Use of fantasy chains to give the appearance of group unity

    • D. 

      Fantasy chains that have failed to ignite within groups

  • 21. 
    In media ecology theory, “the medium is the message” suggests that 
    • A. 

      Television is the most effective form of communication invented

    • B. 

      The channel is more influential than the content it carries

    • C. 

      Print culture was superior to the idea of a “global village”

    • D. 

      Hot media are superior to cool media

  • 22. 
    In cultural studies, Stuart Hall maintains that he wants to
    • A. 

      Unmask the power imbalances in society

    • B. 

      Become a mouthpiece for the masses

    • C. 

      Interpret history through the economic determinism of Marxism

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    In cultivation theory, the term that describes the process of blurring, blending and bending the opinions of heavy television viewers is called
    • A. 

      Resonance

    • B. 

      Cultivation

    • C. 

      Mainstreaming

    • D. 

      Mean world syndrome

  • 24. 
    In classical rhetorical theory, the proof concerned with speaker credibility is which of the following?
    • A. 

      Logos

    • B. 

      Pathos

    • C. 

      Ethos

    • D. 

      Eros

  • 25. 
    Genderlect styles maintains that, more than anything else, men seek ______________________. 
  • 26. 
    Cultivation theory measures overall levels of violence in television by looking at the 
    • A. 

      percentage of programs that script violence

    • B. 

      Rate of violence in programming

    • C. 

      Percentage of characters involved in physical harm/killing

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 27. 
    According to Walter Fisher’s narrative paradigm theory, human nature is captured by 
    • A. 

      Story telling

    • B. 

      Information gathering

    • C. 

      Symbolic communication

    • D. 

      Rhetoric

  • 28. 
    According to symbolic convergence theory, without ______________________ there will be no cohesiveness to a group. 
  • 29. 
    According to muted group theory, a muted group is not always completely _________________________. 
  • 30. 
    According to dramatism theory, the process of designating an external enemy as the source of all our ills is called
    • A. 

      Victimage

    • B. 

      Mortification

    • C. 

      Personification

    • D. 

      Vilification

  • 31. 
    According to communication accommodation theory, the main motivation to converge is
    • A. 

      Anxiety management

    • B. 

      Personal individualization

    • C. 

      Relational development and intimacy

    • D. 

      Desire for social approval

  • 32. 
    According to communication accommodation theory, convergence can be accomplished through
    • A. 

      Patronizing or “talking down” to the other

    • B. 

      Persisting in your original style of communication

    • C. 

      Selecting appropriate topics to discuss

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 33. 
    According to Burke’s dramatism theory, which of the following is not a part of the dramatic pentad?
    • A. 

      Act

    • B. 

      Actor

    • C. 

      Agent

    • D. 

      Agency

  • 34. 
    According to Burke’s dramatism theory, the term that describes the way a speaker sums up all that is bad, wrong or evil is called a/an
    • A. 

      God term

    • B. 

      Devil term

    • C. 

      Agent

    • D. 

      False dilemma

  • 35. 
    According to agenda-setting theory, which of the following groups are not considered agenda setters?
    • A. 

      Industry leaders

    • B. 

      Media gatekeepers

    • C. 

      Candidates and their spin doctors

    • D. 

      Public-relations professionals

  • 36. 
    A ________________________ is sense of emotional attachment that develops between audience members and media personalities. 
  • 37. 
    A speech code involves a culturally distinctive 
    • A. 

      Psychology

    • B. 

      Sociology

    • C. 

      Rhetoric

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 38. 
    A negotiation strategy not typical of individuals from collectivistic cultures is 
    • A. 

      Dominating

    • B. 

      Avoiding

    • C. 

      Obliging

    • D. 

      Compromising

  • 39. 
    A cultural approach to organizations uses which type of research method to record and map-out social discourse within an organization?
    • A. 

      Statistical analysis

    • B. 

      Surveys or questionnaires

    • C. 

      Ethnography

    • D. 

      All of the above