Srg Feb2017 Compre 6 (Sports Physiology, Lower Extremity Regional Orthopedic Conditions, Rheumatology)

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 46

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Srg Feb2017 Compre 6 (Sports Physiology, Lower Extremity Regional Orthopedic Conditions, Rheumatology)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A known concept in strengthening that states that one must tax muscle group towards its maximal capacity and beyond its usual functional capacity:
    • A. 

      Specificity principle

    • B. 

      Overload principle

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Reversibility

  • 2. 
    Muscle contraction strength gradation can be accomplished in the following manner except?
    • A. 

      Motor neuron with least innervation ratio are activated initially

    • B. 

      Increasing the frequency of stimulation of individual motor units

    • C. 

      Simultaneously recruiting the number of activated motor unit

    • D. 

      Initially activating larger motor units

    • E. 

      As each active muscles fiber is developing maximum tension, the percentage of time is increased

  • 3. 
    A vital component in the rehabilitation program of basketball player with recurrent ankle sprain is:
    • A. 

      Resistance exercises

    • B. 

      Proprioceptive exercises

    • C. 

      Stretching exercises

    • D. 

      Pain management

  • 4. 
    Ability of muscle to produce single maximal contraction to overcome a load:
    • A. 

      Endurance

    • B. 

      Power

    • C. 

      Strength

    • D. 

      Muscle size

  • 5. 
    Innervation ratio except:
    • A. 

      Indicates the amount of control on the muscle

    • B. 

      Higher the motor units, higher degree of control

    • C. 

      Number of nerve fibers contained in the peripheral nerve

    • D. 

      NOTA

  • 6. 
    All of the following is true about length-tension relationship:
    • A. 

      Active tension is proportional to the number of cross bridges formed

    • B. 

      Tension is maximum when there maximum overlap of thick and thin filaments

    • C. 

      When muscle is stretched the number of cross bridge is reduced

    • D. 

      AOTA

  • 7. 
    The strength of a muscle is determined mainly by its size, with maximal contractile force of:
    • A. 

      5-6kg/cm2

    • B. 

      4-6kg.cm2

    • C. 

      3-4 kg/cm2

    • D. 

      5-8kg/cm2

  • 8. 
    Refers to the total amount of work that the muscle performs in a unit period of time:
    • A. 

      Strength

    • B. 

      Power

    • C. 

      Holding strength

    • D. 

      Endurance

  • 9. 
    The amount of ATP present in muscles is not enough source of energy. The amount of ATP even in well trained athletes will only last for 15 minutes of exercise.
    • A. 

      First statement is true, second statement is false

    • B. 

      First statement is false, second statement is true

    • C. 

      Both statements are correct

    • D. 

      Both statements are incorrect

  • 10. 
    A basketball player with sprained ankle, which of these ligaments are first to be injured?
    • A. 

      CFL

    • B. 

      ATFL

    • C. 

      Deltoid ligament

    • D. 

      PTFL

  • 11. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 12. 
    When testing for medial collateral ligament, apply:
    • A. 

      Posterior stress

    • B. 

      Valgus stress

    • C. 

      Anterior stress

    • D. 

      Varus stress

  • 13. 
    Collection of conditions of LE leading to weakness of structure surrounding the patellofemoral joint:
    • A. 

      PFPS

    • B. 

      Plica syndrome

    • C. 

      Chondromalecia Patella

    • D. 

      A and C

  • 14. 
    TRUE of the effect of training on heart hypertrophy and on cardiac output EXCEPT:​
    • A. 

      The heart muscle also hypertrophies during athletic training as well as the skeletal muscles

    • B. 

      This hypertrophy occurs in both endurance and sprint types athletes and with comparable changes.

    • C. 

      Heart-pumping effectiveness of athletes is almost exactly the same as that in the normal person even though the heart is enlarged for athletes

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 15. 
    Our body is fully dependent to this substance especially during the initial stage of exercise:
    • A. 

      Fatty acids

    • B. 

      Protein

    • C. 

      Carbohydrates

    • D. 

      Acetoacetic acid

  • 16. 
    Weakest type of muscle contraction:
    • A. 

      Fast concentric

    • B. 

      Isometric

    • C. 

      Slow eccentric

    • D. 

      Fast eccentric

  • 17. 
    Hypertrophy is a product of an increased number in:
    • A. 

      Diameter of the muscle

    • B. 

      Number of muscle fibers

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      NOTA

  • 18. 
    Oxygen debt is higher than the amount of oxygen used during exercise. The formation of lactic acid results from the continuous conversion of pyruvic acid into ATP done during the initial stages of exercises.                                                   
    • A. 

      Both statements are true.

    • B. 

      First statement is true.

    • C. 

      Both statements are false.

    • D. 

      Second statement is true.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following generates the highest tension:
    • A. 

      Fast concentric

    • B. 

      Slow concentric

    • C. 

      Fast eccentric

    • D. 

      Slow eccentric

  • 20. 
    All of the following are FALSE statements regarding fast glycolytic muscle fibers EXCEPT:​
    • A. 

      Recruited in brief powerful contractions

    • B. 

      Generates high forces

    • C. 

      Contains few mitochondria

    • D. 

      Have low myoglobin content

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    Beneficial physiological adaptation resulting from endurance exercise includes the following EXCEPT:​
    • A. 

      Increased physical work capacity

    • B. 

      Increased muscular endurance

    • C. 

      Increased adiposity

    • D. 

      Increased level of vigor and alertness

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    Fill in the blanks: Glycogen is a storage form of glucose. _______ refers to the process of making glycogen and _______ refers to the process of breakdown of glycogen.
    • A. 

      Glycogenolysis, glycogenesis

    • B. 

      Glycolysis, glycogenolysis

    • C. 

      Glycogenesis, glycogenolysis

    • D. 

      Glycogenolysis, glycolysis

  • 23. 
    A 5-year old child had traumatic elbow injury due to an abrupt traction force on the forearm. This can be called:
    • A. 

      Galleazi fracture; distal radial fracture

    • B. 

      Nursemaid's fracture: proximal radial fx-dislocation

    • C. 

      Monteggia fracture; proximal radial fracture

    • D. 

      Essex-Lopressti fracture: radial and ulnar fracture

  • 24. 
    Patient who is a runner experiences pain on the lateral R thigh which is accompanied by clicking sounds. This is:
    • A. 

      Coxa Saltans

    • B. 

      Saltans Conduction

    • C. 

      Weaver's bottom

    • D. 

      PFPS

  • 25. 
    A patient has ITB friction syndrome because of running for over 10 years now. He was referred to your for evaluation and management. You will perform which of the following special tests to further confirm diagnosis:
    • A. 

      Ryder's Test

    • B. 

      Noble Compression Test

    • C. 

      ITB Test

    • D. 

      Ely's Test

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