Amsra Ies First Assessment

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 130

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Amsra Ies First Assessment - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The clinical research process begins with:
    • A. 

      Protocol writing

    • B. 

      Data collection

    • C. 

      Formulation of a research question

    • D. 

      Observation

  • 2. 
    A protocol's title should have the following feature(s):
    • A. 

      Clear

    • B. 

      Concise

    • C. 

      Indicates the purpose of the project, as well as the timeframe/location as appropriate

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    The highest level of evidence is provided by:
    • A. 

      Cohort studies

    • B. 

      Systematic reviews

    • C. 

      Cross-sectional studies

    • D. 

      Narrative literature reviews

  • 4. 
    IRB stands for:
    • A. 

      Institutional Review Board

    • B. 

      Incongruent Randomized Behavior

    • C. 

      International Research Bureau

    • D. 

      Internal Research Bank

  • 5. 
    Case studies are not considered evidence-based even though the authors have studied the case in great depth:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Case Control Studies are prospective in that they follow the cases and controls over time and observe what occurs:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    A Meta-Analysis pools together the populations from different studies, such as Randomized Controlled Trials, into one statistical analysis and treats them as one large study population with one conclusion:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Cohort Studies generally look at which of the following:
    • A. 

      Determining the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic methods

    • B. 

      Variations among the clinical manifestations of patients with a disease

    • C. 

      Identifying patient characteristics or risk factors associated with a disease or outcome

    • D. 

      The impact of blinding or masking a study population

  • 9. 
    Having a volunteer bias in the population group is a good thing because it means the study participants are eager and make the study even stronger:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    You want to measure the prevalence of urinary tract infections among women attending your clinic at El-Demerdash hospital, you have very limited time and funds, What is the type of study design you're going to choose:
    • A. 

      Cohort study

    • B. 

      Cross-sectional study

    • C. 

      Case-control study

    • D. 

      Randomized control study

  • 11. 
    Sampling error can be reducing by:
    • A. 

      Non-probability sampling

    • B. 

      Increasing the population

    • C. 

      Decreasing the sample size

    • D. 

      Increasing the sample size

  • 12. 
    Practice guidelines are available for almost any condition you'll encounter in your patients:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    List of all the units of the population is called:
    • A. 

      Random sampling

    • B. 

      Bias

    • C. 

      Sampling frame

    • D. 

      Probability sampling

  • 14. 
    Which of the following techniques yields a simple random sample:
    • A. 

      Choosing volunteers from an introductory psychology class to participate

    • B. 

      Numbering all the elements of a sampling frame and then using a random number table to pick cases from the table.

    • C. 

      Randomly selecting schools, and then sampling everyone within the school.

    • D. 

      Listing the individuals by ethnic group and choosing a proportion from within each ethnic group at random.

  • 15. 
     People who are available, volunteer, or can be easily recruited are used in the sampling method called:
    • A. 

      Simple random sampling

    • B. 

      Cluster sampling

    • C. 

      Systematic sampling

    • D. 

      Convenience sampling

  • 16. 
    In which of the following non-random sampling techniques does the researcher ask the research participants to identify other potential research participants?
    • A. 

      Convenience

    • B. 

      Snowball

    • C. 

      Purposive

    • D. 

      Quota

  • 17. 
    Which one of these is a self-administered questionnaire?
    • A. 

      Face-to-face questionnaire

    • B. 

      Personal questionnaire

    • C. 

      Telephone questionnaire.

    • D. 

      Postal questionnaire.

  • 18. 
    An advantage of open-ended questions is that:
    • A. 

      They can also be used in topic guides.

    • B. 

      Potential is high for interviewer bias.

    • C. 

      Coding is a challenge

    • D. 

      Respondents can express themselves freely.

  • 19. 
    Identify what type of question the following is. "Do you think asbestos should be banned from the workplace because it causes cancer as demonstrated by the medical profession?" is an example of:
    • A. 

      A leading question.

    • B. 

      An implicit alternative.

    • C. 

      Position bias.

    • D. 

      Generalization.

    • E. 

      Vague wording.

  • 20. 
    Different factors affect the outcome of research. In a study using a telephone questionnaire, which of these would probably NOT affect the outcome?
    • A. 

      Question wording

    • B. 

      Interviewer voice

    • C. 

      Sample size.

    • D. 

      Paper color.

  • 21. 
    Respondents tend to answer with the first statement in a list. This is called:
    • A. 

      Response bias

    • B. 

      Hawthorne effect bias.

    • C. 

      Position bias.

    • D. 

      Leading question bias.

  • 22. 
    Which act of misconduct has the least effect on scientific integrity:
    • A. 

      Fabrication

    • B. 

      Falsification

    • C. 

      Plagiarism

  • 23. 
    Justice,beneficence and respect are the 3 pillars of:
    • A. 

      Helsinki declaration

    • B. 

      Belmont report

    • C. 

      Nuremberg code

  • 24. 
    Often, young scientists do not know enough about preparing their data for statistical analysis, or what test is appropriate under which conditions,if  a young researcher asked for the assistance of a statistician, he should be listed on the paper as
    • A. 

      An author

    • B. 

      A contributor

    • C. 

      Acknowledged

    • D. 

      No need to mention him

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is an example of nominal data:
    • A. 

      List of different species of bacteria

    • B. 

      Number of people on a study

    • C. 

      Cancer staging scale

    • D. 

      Heart rate

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