Coach Gray's American History Practice EOC Test

50 Questions
Coach Gray

This is a practice test for the EOC in American History.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How did government policies of the Gilded Age of the late 1800's promote industrialization?
    • A. 

      Imperialism fueled steel production in the U.S.

    • B. 

      New Deal policies created jobs for many of the unemployed

    • C. 

      The Sherman Antitrust Act allowed for regulation of big business

    • D. 

      Laissez-Faire economic policies allowed private businesses to operate freely.

  • 2. 
    Many young adults chose to enlist in the Army because the G.I. Bill allowed what primary benefit?
    • A. 

      Funds for college

    • B. 

      Travel the world

    • C. 

      Summers off

    • D. 

      Free insurance

  • 3. 
    How did the Open Door Policy affect foreign policy?
    • A. 

      Allowed imperialist nations to divide China up freely

    • B. 

      Allowed the U.S. sole imperialistic control of China

    • C. 

      Avoided political division of China during the period of imperialism

    • D. 

      Closed China's borders to imperialistic nations

  • 4. 
    Which geographical region in most closely associated with the meatpacking industries of the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
    • A. 

      Northeast

    • B. 

      West

    • C. 

      Southeast

    • D. 

      Midwest

  • 5. 
    Which city would be the most likely destination of a migrant during the Dust Bowl?
    • A. 

      St. Louis

    • B. 

      New York

    • C. 

      San Francisco

    • D. 

      Dallas

  • 6. 
    Which of these changes influenced political participation in the 1970's?
    • A. 

      15th Amendment

    • B. 

      17th Amendment

    • C. 

      19th Amendment

    • D. 

      26th Amendment

  • 7. 
    All of the following had a positive effect on the Civil Rights movement EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      NAWSA

    • B. 

      SCLC

    • C. 

      SDC

    • D. 

      SNCC

  • 8. 
    Which of the following was the primary reason the population of the Great Plains increased after the Civil War?
    • A. 

      The North's victory

    • B. 

      Homestead Act

    • C. 

      Industrial Revolution

    • D. 

      Removal of Native Americans from the region

  • 9. 
    Which of these factors led to the formation of a region called the Rust Belt during the late twentieth century?
    • A. 

      More manufacturing jobs in the Great Plains

    • B. 

      More agricultural jobs in the Mountain West

    • C. 

      A shrinking industrial base in the North

    • D. 

      A growing commercial base on the East Coast

  • 10. 
    The most likely group of immigrants to enter the U.S. through Angel Island in San Francisco would have came from where?
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      England

    • C. 

      Cuba

    • D. 

      Germany

  • 11. 
    During the 1960's and 1970's why did many Cubans and Southeast Asians immigrate?
    • A. 

      Economic opportunity

    • B. 

      Gold rush

    • C. 

      Free land

    • D. 

      To escape Communism

  • 12. 
    Which of the following would most likely be a laissez-faire economic approach?
    • A. 

      President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal programs

    • B. 

      President Johnson's Great Society war on poverty

    • C. 

      President Hoover's Rugged Individualist approach to the depression

    • D. 

      President Teddy Roosevelt's trust busting agenda

  • 13. 
    Which of the following developments changed politics in big cities as rapid urbanization occurred in the late 1800's?
    • A. 

      Total assimilation

    • B. 

      Laissez faire economics

    • C. 

      Prohibition

    • D. 

      Political machines

  • 14. 
    In the late 1800's, why did the Great Plains region become closely associated with the Populist movement?
    • A. 

      A large portion of the population was industrial workers.

    • B. 

      Many cattle ranchers worked there.

    • C. 

      A large portion of the population was farmers.

    • D. 

      Many immigrants settled there.

  • 15. 
    The use of electricity in rural areas of the South can be attributed to what New Deal program?
    • A. 

      NRA

    • B. 

      TVA

    • C. 

      WPA

    • D. 

      CCC

  • 16. 
    Why did people move North and West in the U.S. during WW II?
    • A. 

      To avoid segregation

    • B. 

      To escape the Dust Bowl

    • C. 

      To avoid the draft

    • D. 

      For industrial jobs

  • 17. 
    How did the Federal Reserve's higher interest rates in the 1930's complicate the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      People saved money rather than spending it.

    • B. 

      People were less likely to leave their money in unstable banks.

    • C. 

      People began spending money rather than saving it.

    • D. 

      People were more likely to take out loans.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is an example of checks and balances?
    • A. 

      President Reagan sent troops to Grenada.

    • B. 

      President Obama vetoed Keystone Pipeline legislation.

    • C. 

      State governments passed laws setting speed limits.

    • D. 

      Congress passed a law raising income tax.

  • 19. 
    All of the following led to suburban areas EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Automobiles

    • B. 

      Large numbers of new families after WW II

    • C. 

      Expansion of the roadway system

    • D. 

      State legislation

  • 20. 
    Henry Cabot Lodge cited that which of the following took away from the United States' ability to declare war, therefore, he would not vote to approve it?
    • A. 

      United Nations

    • B. 

      Treaty of Verdun

    • C. 

      League of Nations

    • D. 

      Treaty of Paris

  • 21. 
    John Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company can best be described as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Oligopoly

    • B. 

      Vertical consolidation

    • C. 

      Monopoly

    • D. 

      Socialist

  • 22. 
    All of the following are examples of your first amendment rights EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Bear arms

    • B. 

      Religion

    • C. 

      Speech

    • D. 

      Press

  • 23. 
    Which of the following was a New Deal program aimed at getting younger people to work rather than the older generation?
    • A. 

      Social Security Administration

    • B. 

      Civilian Conservation Corp

    • C. 

      Works Progress Administration

    • D. 

      Public Works Administration

  • 24. 
    How did the federal government establish greater economic opportunity during the 1960's?
    • A. 

      War on poverty

    • B. 

      War in Vietnam

    • C. 

      Limits on immigration

    • D. 

      Open door policy

  • 25. 
    Why did many businesses criticize the TVA?
    • A. 

      Government controlled the electric companies

    • B. 

      They did not make any money

    • C. 

      Too much government interference

    • D. 

      Too little government assistance

  • 26. 
    What was the primary reason that Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941?
    • A. 

      They wanted war with the U.S.

    • B. 

      The U.S. had declared war on Japan

    • C. 

      Japan wanted access to oil without American interference.

    • D. 

      Japan wanted to destroy America's Navy.

  • 27. 
    What was the primary challenge faced by Hispanic immigrants since the 1940's?
    • A. 

      A lack of jobs in cities

    • B. 

      Unfair treatment by employers

    • C. 

      A lack of jobs in agriculture

    • D. 

      Unfair legislation by the federal government

  • 28. 
    Which of the following was a primary reason that many political leaders felt it was necessary to go to war in Vietnam?
    • A. 

      Unfair treatment of North Vietnamese

    • B. 

      Unfair treatment of South Vietnamese

    • C. 

      China's takeover of Vietnam

    • D. 

      To stop the spread of communism in Southeast Asia

  • 29. 
    The Supreme Court decision for President Nixon to turn over his tapes concerning Watergate is an example of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Executive privilege

    • B. 

      Checks and balances

    • C. 

      Partisan politics

    • D. 

      Backslapping

  • 30. 
    Which amendment stated that voting rights could not be denied based on race?
    • A. 

      14th

    • B. 

      15th

    • C. 

      16th

    • D. 

      17th

  • 31. 
    Why were the League of Nations and United Nations created?
    • A. 

      To end world hunger

    • B. 

      To spread democracy in the world

    • C. 

      To unify the world economy

    • D. 

      To prevent future wars

  • 32. 
    Technological advances and no barriers to trade are factors that have led to which of the following since the 1950's?
    • A. 

      Rust Belt

    • B. 

      Industrial revolution

    • C. 

      Global interdependence

    • D. 

      Open door policy

  • 33. 
    All of the following are reasons Sacco and Vanzetti were discriminated against EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      They were anarchists

    • B. 

      They were immigrants

    • C. 

      They refused to fight in WW I

    • D. 

      They were communists

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is a key reason why cattle ranching developed in West Texas?
    • A. 

      Open spaces

    • B. 

      Lack of fences

    • C. 

      Grasslands

    • D. 

      Surplus of grain

  • 35. 
    Throughout World War I and II various groups immigrated or migrated within the U.S. to the North.  Why?
    • A. 

      Industrial jobs

    • B. 

      Avoid the draft

    • C. 

      War training

    • D. 

      Government ordered them to

  • 36. 
    Why was there suspicion after WW II over profits made by industries making war supplies?
    • A. 

      Sold to the enemy

    • B. 

      Worked with government to overprice and make big profits

    • C. 

      Limited supply to drive up prices

    • D. 

      Increased supply dramatically to drive up prices

  • 37. 
    Why did nativists support the National Origins Act of 1924?
    • A. 

      Deportation of certain immigrant groups

    • B. 

      Strict limitation on immigrants from Asia

    • C. 

      Jobs for native born only

    • D. 

      Equality in jobs among all people

  • 38. 
    During the 1970's how did the government respond to environmentalist groups?
    • A. 

      Push to move factories overseas

    • B. 

      Push to close down factories

    • C. 

      Decrease in regulations

    • D. 

      Increase in regulations

  • 39. 
    Why did the Treaty of Versailles fail to keep a lasting peace after WW I?
    • A. 

      Unfair treatment of Germany

    • B. 

      Unfair treatment of Italy

    • C. 

      Unfair treatment of Russia

    • D. 

      Unfair treatment of France

  • 40. 
    What effect did the Immigration Act of 1965 have?
    • A. 

      Florida's immigrant population declined dramatically.

    • B. 

      Asian's immigrated to the Northeast in great numbers.

    • C. 

      Big cities in the Midwest lost a large percentage of their foreign-born population.

    • D. 

      Southwestern border states such as Arizona experienced massive population growth.

  • 41. 
    How was the economy affected by corporate expansion in the 1950's?
    • A. 

      It boomed as the middle class grew.

    • B. 

      It improved with more information technology jobs.

    • C. 

      It struggled as strikes interrupted production.

    • D. 

      It declined as regulation increased.

  • 42. 
    What was the purpose of the federal Works Progress Administration (WPA)?
    • A. 

      To track cost overruns in state Medicare programs

    • B. 

      To monitor corporate compliance with Federal Reserve regulations

    • C. 

      To provide jobs to unemployed workers during the New Deal

    • D. 

      To judge the benefits of military spending after the expensive Manhattan Project

  • 43. 
    Which of the following is a way labor unions accomplish their goals?
    • A. 

      Quit their jobs

    • B. 

      Contact the government

    • C. 

      Supreme Court

    • D. 

      Strike

  • 44. 
    As the New Deal created jobs during the depression it also led to which of the following?
    • A. 

      Reopening of jobs

    • B. 

      People using credit cards again

    • C. 

      Increased national debt

    • D. 

      States borrowing money from national government

  • 45. 
    How did the Homestead Act attract farmers to the frontier?
    • A. 

      It guaranteed farmers access to the railroad.

    • B. 

      It provided farmers with subsidies for their crops.

    • C. 

      It offered tax incentives to farmers who settled the West.

    • D. 

      It offered free land to farmers who would improve the land within five years.

  • 46. 
    Why was the end of the Korean War considered a stalemate?
    • A. 

      The Cold War continued.

    • B. 

      The North and South were still divided.

    • C. 

      Both the North and South lost many lives.

    • D. 

      The United States removed all of its troops.

  • 47. 
    Which of the following was established to provide a safer, more flexible and stable monetary and financial system?
    • A. 

      Federal Reserve

    • B. 

      Securities and Exchange Commission

    • C. 

      National Bank

    • D. 

      Emergency Banking Act

  • 48. 
    Which constitutional check did the Supreme Court use when declaring several New Deal programs unconstitutional?
    • A. 

      Executive privilege

    • B. 

      Popular soverignty

    • C. 

      Judicial review

    • D. 

      Indirect democracy

  • 49. 
    One consequence of World War II was that the United States
    • A. 

      Returned to its isolationist tendencies.

    • B. 

      Avoided foreign conflicts

    • C. 

      Remained deeply involved in world affairs.

    • D. 

      Reduced its military spending.

  • 50. 
    How did the Democratic administration influence politics during the Great Depression and World War II?
    • A. 

      They broadened states rights to avoid military conflict.

    • B. 

      They engaged in propaganda to defeat other political parties.

    • C. 

      They followed laissez faire economic approach to avoid regulation.

    • D. 

      They expanded government involvement in people's lives.