Social work is one of the challenging jobs that one can take up, but it has a lot of satisfaction too. A lot of users get so much peace when we see that we have made life a little tolerable for someone and gave them some faith in humanity. Are you about to take a social work quiz? Take this practice test and get to refresh your memory.
_____________ (negative income tax) defined by two characteristics:
1. The provision of a defined minimum subsidy for families with little or no income and 2. The utilization of a formula to determine how much this subsidy decreases as earnings increase.
Use the IRS to administer two-way operation – money in and money out.
__________________ – A negative income tax for workers when the value of the credit exceeds the amount of the taxes owed, the worker receives a cash rebate (refundability).
What makes the arrangement a negative tax is its refundability.
That is, when the value of the credit exceeds the amount of taxes owed, the worker receives a cash rebate.
It contains many of the key characteristics of a guaranteed income scheme:
1. It provides a basic income subsidy to low-income families.
2. It utilizes a formula to determine how subsidies decrease as earned income increases.
3. It is administered through the tax code.
The EITC is different from a guaranteed income plan, however, in that it only covers ____________________.
A tax deduction for children does not benefit poor people who would not be paying taxes anyway.
It disproportionately benefits individuals from higher tax brackets.
Child allowances would benefit everybody regardless of income or status.
This is an example of a universal policy alternative.
It exists in some form in every Western welfare state except the United States.
What are two main types of provisions (how benefits are provided)?
Allows for greater consumer sovereignty – The degree to which a choice can be exercised with regard to the goals or services delivered.
Consumers prefer sovereignty; public administrators value simplicity. Also benefits merchants that welfare beneficiaries patronize.
Material goods/commodities – Tangible benefits such as food, housing, and clothing. Greater target efficiency – The ability to exercise control over the nature of the article and the way it is consumed.
Social Security, Unemployment Insurance, Worker’s Compensation
TANF, SSI, GA.
K-12 education and Medicare.
Medicaid, Public Housing.
Pre-payments or post-payments to purveyors of benefits and/or services.
A ______can be used by a beneficiary only at purveyors chosen by the organization providing the credit.
A ________can be used at purveyors chosen by the beneficiary.
The ___________program is the largest voucher program in the US, although it has been greatly replaced by _____________________.
______________ is another program that utilizes vouchers.