Msg77 World History Benchmark #1

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 50

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Msg77 World History Benchmark #1

SHS social studies benchmark #1 World History


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Economically, what enabled Japan to become a colonial power after 1894?
    • A. 

      Agricultural advances increased the population and forced Japan to look for new land

    • B. 

      Japanese trade wars against the United States removed regional competition for colonies

    • C. 

      Industrialization allowed Japan to expend resources on military and colonial expansion

    • D. 

      The Japanese were forced to acquire colonies in Asia when European trade was banned

  • 2. 
    In 1900. anti-foreign sentiment in China led to an uprising known as the
    • A. 

      Nian Rebellion

    • B. 

      Boxer Rebellion

    • C. 

      Taiping Rebellion

    • D. 

      Sepoy Rebellion

  • 3. 
    The collapse of the last Chinese Empire in 1912 was caused by the Imperial government's failure to
    • A. 

      Control foreign influence

    • B. 

      Educate the masses

    • C. 

      Enter into an alliance with other nations

    • D. 

      Repel communist guerillas

  • 4. 
    When a country's constitution requires the branches of government to remain independent of each other, it is adhering to the constitutional principle of
    • A. 

      Popular sovereignty

    • B. 

      Separation of powers

    • C. 

      Federalism

    • D. 

      Direct democracy

  • 5. 
    What historical trend was most responsible for the change in Birmingham's population shown above?
    • A. 

      Immigration from the colonies

    • B. 

      Industrial growth

    • C. 

      Improvements in urban health care

    • D. 

      Famine in rural areas

  • 6. 
    The English philosopher John Locke argued that life, liberty, and property are
    • A. 

      Natural rights that should be protected by government

    • B. 

      Political rights to be granted as determined by law

    • C. 

      Economic rights earned in a capitalistic system

    • D. 

      Social rights guaranteed by the ruling class

  • 7. 
    Both the United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man emphasized the idea that governments
    • A. 

      Guarantee economic prosperity

    • B. 

      Protect the rights of people

    • C. 

      Support established religious beliefs

    • D. 

      Operate on a system of checks and balances

  • 8. 
    Unlike the French Revolution, the American Revolution produced
    • A. 

      Women's suffrage

    • B. 

      Short-term military rule

    • C. 

      Strategic alliances

    • D. 

      A lasting constitution

  • 9. 
    Which leader was inspired by the ideas of the American Revolution and the Enlightenment to lead the liberation of much of South America from Spain?
    • A. 

      Simon Bolivar

    • B. 

      Padre Miguel Hidalgo

    • C. 

      Jose Marti

    • D. 

      Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

  • 10. 
    The principles of the American Revolution and the French Revolution are similar in many ways. Which of the following best summarizes their similarities?
    • A. 

      Both favored representative government

    • B. 

      Both limited voting rights to an economic elite

    • C. 

      Both retained certain hereditary rights for aristocrats

    • D. 

      Both supported equal rights for women

  • 11. 
    When members of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath (1789) at the start of the French Revolution, they were attempting to
    • A. 

      Establish a military government

    • B. 

      Draft a new national constitution

    • C. 

      Restore the king to power

    • D. 

      Persuade Napoleon to take power

  • 12. 
    The agricultural changes which took place in England during the 1600's contributed to England's later industrial evelopment by
    • A. 

      Strengthening the importance of family

    • B. 

      Breaking large estates into smaller farms

    • C. 

      Encouraging city dwellers to return to farming

    • D. 

      Producing more food with fewer workers

  • 13. 
    Which of these first demonstrated that popular protest would play a role in the French Revolution?
    • A. 

      The reign of the Committee of Public Safety

    • B. 

      The trial of Louis XVI

    • C. 

      The fall of the Bastille

    • D. 

      The Civil Constitution of the Clergy

  • 14. 
    Use the information to complete the statement.The streets were hot and dusty on the summer day. Stokers emerged from low underground doorways into factory yards, and sat on steps, and posts, and palings, wiping their swarthy visages, and contemplating coals. The whole town seemed to be frying in oil. There was a stifling smell of hot oil everywhere. The steam engines shone with it, the mills throughout their many stories oozed and trickled it.~~ Charles Dickens, Hard Times, 1854The historical era most likely referred to in this quotation is the
    • A. 

      Industrial revolution

    • B. 

      Great Awakening

    • C. 

      French Revolution

    • D. 

      Enlightenment

  • 15. 
    What late eighteenth-century European artistic movement arose as a reaction against Classicism's emphasis on reason?
    • A. 

      Impressionism

    • B. 

      Realism

    • C. 

      Romanticism

    • D. 

      Surrealism

  • 16. 
    At the end of the 1800's, colonies were generally seen as a
    • A. 

      Place to banish criminals

    • B. 

      Sign of a country's relative power

    • C. 

      Location to train military forces

    • D. 

      Method for suppressing nationalism

  • 17. 
    Who believed that in an ideal society the government should be controlled buy a class of "philosopher kings"?
    • A. 

      Muhammad

    • B. 

      Plato

    • C. 

      Lao-tzu

    • D. 

      Thomas Aquinas

  • 18. 
    He who trusts any man with supreme power gives it to a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire...~~ AristotleWhich feature of modern Western democratic government reflects Aristotle's views as given above?
    • A. 

      The direct election of members of the legislature

    • B. 

      The power of the courts to review the law

    • C. 

      The granting of emergency powers to the chief executive

    • D. 

      The requirement that government actions must adhere to the law

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is a concept from classical Athens that is central to Western political thought today?
    • A. 

      Individuals should fight against nature and society to achieve greatness.

    • B. 

      Individual achievement, dignity, and worth are of great importance.

    • C. 

      Individual recognition impedes societal progress.

    • D. 

      Individuals play an insignificant role in shaping ideas, society, and the state.

  • 20. 
    Jewish and Christian beliefs differ from the Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning the importance of
    • A. 

      The role of law

    • B. 

      Individual morality

    • C. 

      Belief in one God

    • D. 

      The family unit

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