Msg77 US History Ch 14+15

37 Questions | Total Attempts: 153

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Msg77 US History Ch 14+15 - Quiz

The Great Depression and the New Deal


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Document-Based Questions. Historical Context: As the nation plunged into the Great Depression, people's lives were dramatically altered. In the early 1930s, the sharp effects of economic want were felt across the nation.Study the document carefully and answer the question about it.According to this recollection, what did a working class family eat during the Depression?
  • 2. 
    What factors contributed to the superficial prosperity of the 1920s?Think About:- farming and industry- the use of credit- the stock market, speculation, and buying on margin- attitudes of politicians
  • 3. 
    Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt able to quickly instill confidence inthe federal government's ability to end the Depression? Give tworeasons.Think About:- Roosevelt's personality and interactions with the American public- the goals and effects of early New Deal policies
  • 4. 
    Which was NOT a cause of the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Tariffs on foreign goods

    • B. 

      The availability of easy credit

    • C. 

      A growing number of homeless people

    • D. 

      A crisis in the farm sector

  • 5. 
    Which was not a cause of the Dust Bowl?
    • A. 

      Drought

    • B. 

      High winds

    • C. 

      Thick layers of prairie grasses

    • D. 

      Overproduction of crops

  • 6. 
    After the stock market crash, how did President Hoover try to help the economy?
    • A. 

      By closing banks

    • B. 

      By lowering foreign tariffs

    • C. 

      By funding handouts of food and clothing

    • D. 

      By asking businesses not to lay off employees

  • 7. 
    Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
    • A. 

      World War I veterans and their families

    • B. 

      Farmers forced off their land by dust storms

    • C. 

      Unemployed industrial workers and their families

    • D. 

      Business and labor leaders who agreed to work together

  • 8. 
    What does buying a stock on margin mean?
    • A. 

      Purchasing the stock outside the regular stock exchange

    • B. 

      Buying the stock for someone else

    • C. 

      Paying less than the market price of the stock

    • D. 

      Borrowing money to help pay for the stock

  • 9. 
    Which of the following was NOT an effect of the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Many children had a poor diet.

    • B. 

      Many families became homeless.

    • C. 

      Many men became unemployed.

    • D. 

      Many people started farming.

  • 10. 
    What name was given to the men and boys who rode the rails as theysearched for work?
    • A. 

      Bonus Marchers

    • B. 

      Speculators

    • C. 

      Hoboes

    • D. 

      Okies

  • 11. 
    How many states were part of the Dust Bowl?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      20

    • D. 

      25

  • 12. 
    In calling shantytowns "Hoovervilles, " people conveyed their
    • A. 

      Patriotism

    • B. 

      Trust in Hoover

    • C. 

      Disgust with Hoover

    • D. 

      Grudging respect for Hooover

  • 13. 
    An example of the psychological stress caused by the GreatDepression was the rise in the number of
    • A. 

      Children who were malnourished

    • B. 

      People who committed suicide

    • C. 

      Women who worked outside the home

    • D. 

      Men who stood in bread lines

  • 14. 
    Herbert Hoover's approach to the Depression economy was based on a belief in
    • A. 

      Rugged individualism

    • B. 

      Separation of church and state

    • C. 

      The golden rule

    • D. 

      Direct government relief

  • 15. 
    During the Great Depression, the overall unemployment rate wasabout
    • A. 

      100%

    • B. 

      75%

    • C. 

      25%

    • D. 

      10%

  • 16. 
    One long-range effect of the Great Depression was that many people
    • A. 

      Grew to like President Hoover.

    • B. 

      Became risk takers in the stock market.

    • C. 

      Developed habits of saving and thriftiness.

    • D. 

      Came to believe in small government.

  • 17. 
    Within a few years, the Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act led to
    • A. 

      Hoover's reelection as president.

    • B. 

      A dramatic drop in world trade

    • C. 

      More demand for American manufactured goods.

    • D. 

      An unequal distribution of income in the United States.

  • 18. 
    All of the following were important causes of the Great Depression except
    • A. 

      Both individuals and businesses built up large debts because of easy credit.

    • B. 

      Tariffs on foreign imports were lowered.

    • C. 

      The federal government did not insure people's bank accounts.

    • D. 

      The stock market crashed.

  • 19. 
    What was the first major action Roosevelt took as president?
    • A. 

      He called the first meeting of the "Brain Trust."

    • B. 

      He proposed a reorganization of the Supreme Court.

    • C. 

      He closed all of the nation's banks and ordered inspections.

    • D. 

      He established the Civil Works Administration to provide job relief.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following was a goal of the New Deal?
    • A. 

      Regulate the stock market

    • B. 

      Deregulate the nation's banking system

    • C. 

      Decrease prices of farm goods

    • D. 

      Increase crop production

  • 21. 
    Which of the following was most directly responsible for creatingnew jobs and putting people to work?
    • A. 

      Social Security Act

    • B. 

      Fair Labor Standards Act

    • C. 

      National Labor Relations Act

    • D. 

      Works Progress Administration

  • 22. 
    Which of the following was the main objective of the AgriculturalAdjustment Act?
    • A. 

      to increase farm production

    • B. 

      To raise prices of farm products

    • C. 

      To provide pensions for retired farmers

    • D. 

      To encourage more people to enter farming

  • 23. 
    Which of the following pieces of New Deal legislation was ruledunconstitutional by the Supreme Court?
    • A. 

      Wagner Act

    • B. 

      Social Security Act

    • C. 

      Emergency Banking Relief Act

    • D. 

      National Industrial Recovery Act

  • 24. 
    What role did Eleanor Roosevelt play in the Rooseveltadministration?
    • A. 

      She served as a cabinet member.

    • B. 

      She focused on being an excellent hostess.

    • C. 

      She was an important advisor on foreign policy.

    • D. 

      She was an important advisor on domestic policy.

  • 25. 
    Who wrote the novel The Grapes of Wrath about the grim lives ofOklahomans fleeing the Dust Bowl during the Depression?
    • A. 

      Grant Wood

    • B. 

      John Steinbeck

    • C. 

      Richard Wright

    • D. 

      Dorothea Lange

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