Msg77 US History Benchmark #1

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 75

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Msg77 US History Benchmark #1

SHS Social Studies Benchmark US History - #1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What effect did the Enlightenment have on political thought in the colonies?
    • A. 

      Colonial leaders began extending voting rights to all citizens

    • B. 

      The first Continental Congress determined a need for a federal bill of rights

    • C. 

      Colonial leaders began advocating the adoption of a state-supported church

    • D. 

      Colonists began to question the authority of the British Monarchy

  • 2. 
    The Declaration of Independence elaborates on the Enlightenment idea of
    • A. 

      Natural rights

    • B. 

      Collective ownership

    • C. 

      Religious freedom

    • D. 

      Political equality

  • 3. 
    Key decisions of the Supreme Court under the leadership of John Marshall solidified the power of the Supreme court to:
    • A. 

      Try cases between states

    • B. 

      Accept appeals from lower federal courts

    • C. 

      Try cases involving foreign diplomats

    • D. 

      Review the constitutionality of state and federal laws

  • 4. 
    The acquisition of an American overseas empire during the late 1890's created legal controversies concerning the
    • A. 

      Power of government to make and ratify peace treaties

    • B. 

      Role of the President as Commander in Chief

    • C. 

      Constitutional rights of the inhabitants of the new American territories

    • D. 

      Rights of American businesses to operate in the territories

  • 5. 
    Reconstruction comes to an end in the south.White government officials regain power in the South.Southern states begin to implement poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses.During the late 19th century, the above sequence of events resulted in the
    • A. 

      Disenfranchisement of most African Americans in the South

    • B. 

      Movement to repeal the 14th Amendment

    • C. 

      Strengthening of the Republican Party in the South

    • D. 

      Expansion of free public education to all children

  • 6. 
    Lord Baltimore established the Maryland colony in response to
    • A. 

      Spanish attempts to seize lands along the Chesapeake Bay

    • B. 

      The overcrowding of England's large industrial centers

    • C. 

      The growing demand for cotton in English textile mills

    • D. 

      Discrimination against Roman Catholics in England

  • 7. 
    Which religious group has had the greatest increase in membership due to the increasing immigration from Latin American countries to the United States over the last fifty years?
    • A. 

      Catholics

    • B. 

      Muslims

    • C. 

      Jews

    • D. 

      Protestants

  • 8. 
    Ford's production of Model T;s in the early twentieth century demonstrated the economic relationship between specialization and
    • A. 

      Reduced labor demand

    • B. 

      Greater efficiencies in production

    • C. 

      Higher production costs

    • D. 

      Decreased union organization

  • 9. 
    Which of the following was an effect of the publication of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle (1906)?
    • A. 

      It aided the growth of federal social services

    • B. 

      It contributed to the development of settlement houses

    • C. 

      It influenced the passage of the Meat Inspection Act

    • D. 

      It led to the development of child labor laws

  • 10. 
    During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, urban immigrants generally supported local political machines that
    • A. 

      Discouraged the new immigrants from participating in civic affairs

    • B. 

      Were usually supported by urban reformers

    • C. 

      Provided essential services to the immigrants

    • D. 

      Reminded immigrants of political practices in their homelands

  • 11. 
    The followers of the Social Gospel movement believed that organized religion must place greater emphasis on
    • A. 

      Reconstructing American society

    • B. 

      Raising funds

    • C. 

      Supporting the Populist Party

    • D. 

      Stopping immigration to the United States

  • 12. 
    In 1900 the United States declared an Open Door Policy that reflected which of the following beliefs?
    • A. 

      The Chinese were secretly negotiating trade privileges with European countries

    • B. 

      Japan might conquer China and cut off all foreign trade

    • C. 

      All countries should have equal trading rights in China

    • D. 

      American consumers would be hurt by international trade

  • 13. 
    The United States supported a revolution in Panama at the turn of the 20th century in order to
    • A. 

      Stop human rights abuses in Latin American countries

    • B. 

      Prevent the spread of communism in Latin America

    • C. 

      Secure the right to build a canal through Central America

    • D. 

      End European colonialism in Central America

  • 14. 
    Theodore Roosevelt's "Speak softly and carry a big stick" policy relied on the United States having a
    • A. 

      Competitive economy

    • B. 

      System of military alliances

    • C. 

      Strong navy

    • D. 

      Tax on imports

  • 15. 
    The Espionage Act of 1918 included punishments for speaking or writing "disloyal, scurrilous, or abusive language about the American form of government, the Constitution, the armed forces, or the flag..."The passage and the enforcement of the Espionage Act by the Wilson Administration reflected the belief that the
    • A. 

      Fourteenth Amendment permitted suspending the Bill of Rights in wartime.

    • B. 

      Nation's war effort would be threatened if dissenters were allowed free speech.

    • C. 

      Public should be shielded from hearing about the reality of war.

    • D. 

      Other countries at war had already curtailed civil liberites

  • 16. 
    The "Red Scare" in the United States immediately following World War I was a reaction to
    • A. 

      President Wilson's attempts to include the U.S. in the League of Nations

    • B. 

      The perceived growth of organized crime in major urban areas

    • C. 

      A perceived threat of a communist revolution in the United States

    • D. 

      A rise in the number of immigrants from Germany

  • 17. 
    Marcus Garvey's program in the 1920's emphasized
    • A. 

      Vocational training

    • B. 

      A back-to-Africa movement

    • C. 

      Integration into mainstream society

    • D. 

      Separate-but-equal doctrines

  • 18. 
    Why did the number of votes cast in the U.S. Presidential election rise by 8.2 million from 1916 to 1920?
    • A. 

      The Nineteenth Amendment gave millions of women the right to vote

    • B. 

      The people were excited about voting on the issue of Prohibition

    • C. 

      Demobilization of the military released millions of men for voting

    • D. 

      Warren G. Harding's call for "normalcy" energized the voters

  • 19. 
    Zora Neale Hurston and Langston Hughes had which of the following in common?
    • A. 

      They were leaders involved with the 1960's civil rights movement.

    • B. 

      They were initial members of President Franklin Roosevelt's Black Cabinet.

    • C. 

      They were writers associated with the Harlem Renaissance.

    • D. 

      They were outspoken opponents to U.S. involvement in Vietnam.

  • 20. 
    Which of these was an outgrowth of mass production techniques used during the 1920's?
    • A. 

      An increase in the advertising industry

    • B. 

      A decrease in the need for female workers

    • C. 

      An increase in environmental protection laws

    • D. 

      A decrease in demand for unionization

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