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Middle Ages Quizzes & Trivia

Middle Ages, Renaissance, & Age of Exploration


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    During the Middle Ages in Europe, why did literacy decline? 
    • A. 

      Barbarian invaders couldn’t read

    • B. 

      Cities were abandoned

    • C. 

      Trade broke down

    • D. 

      Plague

  • 2. 
    What did the development of different languages signify?  
    • A. 

      The breakup of empire

    • B. 

      Waves of invasions

    • C. 

      Revolution of languages

    • D. 

      Lack of literature

  • 3. 
    Which of the following was NOT an invader of Europe during the Middle Ages?
    • A. 

      Vikings

    • B. 

      Muslims

    • C. 

      Slavs

    • D. 

      Magyars

  • 4. 
    What was the economic basis of feudalism? 
    • A. 

      Relationship between classes

    • B. 

      The rights of peasants

    • C. 

      Hard currency

    • D. 

      Control of the land

  • 5. 
    Which class was the lowest class in Feudal Europe:
    • A. 

      Lords

    • B. 

      Knights

    • C. 

      Priests

    • D. 

      Peasants

  • 6. 
    What rights did peasants enjoy under the manorial system?
    • A. 

      They could leave without permission

    • B. 

      They could marry without permission

    • C. 

      They didn’t have to pay the Church tithe

    • D. 

      They had little to no rights

  • 7. 
    What was the conflict over lay investiture?
    • A. 

      Reforming the manorial system

    • B. 

      Appointing clergy

    • C. 

      Appointing knights

    • D. 

      Limiting the power of the nobility

  • 8. 
    What was the primary goal of the Crusades?
    • A. 

      To control the Holy Land

    • B. 

      To convert all non-Christians

    • C. 

      To kill all non-Christians

    • D. 

      To make better weapons

  • 9. 
    One of the economic goals of the Crusades was to 
    • A. 

      Make Jerusalem a Christian city

    • B. 

      Make money from trade

    • C. 

      Unite Christendom

    • D. 

      Get violent knights out of Europe

  • 10. 
    How did the Crusades strengthen the political power of kings? 
    • A. 

      Expansion of trade

    • B. 

      Deaths of knights and nobles

    • C. 

      Hatred of Christians by Jews & Muslims

    • D. 

      The lure of travel

  • 11. 
    Why was the horse collar an important invention for agriculture? 
    • A. 

      Horses were faster than oxen at cultivation

    • B. 

      Horses could be used for more than war

    • C. 

      Horses lived longer than oxen

    • D. 

      Horses need less food than oxen

  • 12. 
    How did the Commercial Revolution increase the power of kings in Europe?
    • A. 

      Banks were owned by the kings

    • B. 

      Trade fairs were ran by the kings

    • C. 

      Currency was issued by kings

    • D. 

      Taxes on businesses went to kings

  • 13. 
    England’s Magna Carta and Parliament had what political effect?
    • A. 

      Freed the peasants

    • B. 

      Ended the manor system

    • C. 

      Limited the power of nobles

    • D. 

      Limited the power of kings

  • 14. 
    Why did peasants revolt during the Plague? 
    • A. 

      Nobles resisted paying higher wages

    • B. 

      Peasants could not marry who they wanted

    • C. 

      Population declined, so they moved into empty buildings

    • D. 

      The Church blamed the Plague on peasants

  • 15. 
    Why did the Plague cause anti-Semitism?
    • A. 

      Jews brought the Plague with them due to trade with the East

    • B. 

      Jews were resistant to disease

    • C. 

      Jews brought the Plague when returning from the Crusades

    • D. 

      Jews were blamed for the Plague because they were different

  • 16. 
    How did the Hundred Years’ War create national identities in England and France? 
    • A. 

      Now soldiers fought for money

    • B. 

      Now soldiers fought for their feudal lords

    • C. 

      Now soldiers fought for kings as symbols

    • D. 

      Now soldiers fought for themselves

  • 17. 
    What technological advancements in warfare lessened the strength of the nobility during the Hundred Years’ War?
    • A. 

      Long and cross bows

    • B. 

      Stirrups and horse collars

    • C. 

      Gun powder and guns

    • D. 

      Iron, not bronze, weapons

  • 18. 
    The Renaissance was the ‘rebirth’ of classical __________
    • A. 

      Warfare

    • B. 

      Trade

    • C. 

      Learning

    • D. 

      Religion

  • 19. 
    Vernacular in literature:
    • A. 

      Is written in everyday language

    • B. 

      Is written as poetry

    • C. 

      Is written about real life

    • D. 

      Is written in Classical style

  • 20. 
    Perspective in art:
    • A. 

      Looks real

    • B. 

      Is an ancient technique

    • C. 

      Represents three dimensions on a flat surface

    • D. 

      Uses color