Final Exam - Introduction To Linguistics

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 55

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Final Exam - Introduction To Linguistics

Choose the right answer for the following questions or statements. Read carefully.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Standard language is highly valued because
    • A. 

      More people speak it

    • B. 

      It is more regular and logical

    • C. 

      It never changes

    • D. 

      It is spoken by people with privilege and prestige

  • 2. 
    What is the difference between accents and dialects?
    • A. 

      Accents have to do with pronunciation; dialects have to do with more than pronunciation

    • B. 

      Accents are regional; dialects are social

    • C. 

      Accents refer to spoken language; dialects refer to written language

    • D. 

      Accents are mutually intelligible; dialects are not

  • 3. 
    African American Vernacular English is an example of:
    • A. 

      Slang

    • B. 

      Jargon

    • C. 

      Dialect

    • D. 

      Accent

  • 4. 
    Style speech refers to:
    • A. 

      Differences in vocabulary/word choice

    • B. 

      Differences in formality

    • C. 

      Differences in sentence type

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    An intelligent 4 year old tells you that she “goed to the store” yesterday. Which of the following is the most likely explanation?
    • A. 

      She has learned the incorrect form from her caregivers

    • B. 

      She has a learning disability

    • C. 

      She is undergoing rapid lexical development

    • D. 

      She is overgeneralizing the regular verb form

  • 6. 
    What does “holophrastic stage” refer to?
    • A. 

      The stage of infancy when the child knows only one word

    • B. 

      The stage of infancy when the child uses one word to represent an entire sentence

    • C. 

      A baby's first complete sentence

    • D. 

      A rephrasing of a complex sentence so that it is easier for a child to understand

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is NOT a key component of linguistic competence?
    • A. 

      Being able to judge grammatical from ungrammatical sentences

    • B. 

      Knowing how to create plurals

    • C. 

      Being able to read and write

    • D. 

      Knowing how to build phrases and sentences

  • 8. 
    What is the difference between Broca's area and Wernicke's area?
    • A. 

      Broca's area controls language, Wernicke's area controls motor skills

    • B. 

      Broca's area is located in the temporal lobe, Wernicke's area is located in the frontal lobe

    • C. 

      Broca's area affects language production; Wernicke's area affects language understanding

    • D. 

      Broca's area is where lexical information is stored; Wernicke's area is where phonological information is stored

  • 9. 
    Adult aphasia is:
    • A. 

      Total loss of voice

    • B. 

      Language difficulties caused by brain damage

    • C. 

      Language difficulties caused by Autism Spectrum Disorders

    • D. 

      Loss of hearing caused by a Traumatic Brain Injury

  • 10. 
    Which of the following could be a definition for Sociolinguistics?
    • A. 

      The study of language variation as a human phenomenon that affects large parts of the population

    • B. 

      A field of research that deals with the relation between language and society

    • C. 

      Research aim at finding the reasons for linguistic variations in social and environmental conditions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    What does the term communicative competence refer to?
    • A. 

      The competence of a native speaker

    • B. 

      The general ability to use language accurately, appropriately and flexibly

    • C. 

      The ability of humans to communicate

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    People with Broca's aphasia have trouble
    • A. 

      Writing words on paper

    • B. 

      Understanding speech

    • C. 

      Producing speech

    • D. 

      Recognizing the emotional content of speech

  • 13. 
    Someone with conduction aphasia is unable to
    • A. 

      Name proper nouns

    • B. 

      Repeating a word of phrase

    • C. 

      Name objects

    • D. 

      Produce fluent, spontaneous speech

  • 14. 
    What is the term used for an individual's unique pattern of speech?
    • A. 

      Idiom

    • B. 

      Jargon

    • C. 

      Idiolect

    • D. 

      Dialect

  • 15. 
    A language variety chosen to suit the audience is known as...
    • A. 

      Register

    • B. 

      Dialect

    • C. 

      Persuasion

    • D. 

      Accent

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