Development Power Point Review

42 Questions

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Development Power Point Review

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     Growth: ___________ change
  • 2. 
    Development: _________ change 
  • 3. 
     Growth and development are: 
    • A. 

      Follow different pattern

    • B. 

      Same rate 

    • C. 

      Continuous

    • D. 

      Sequential

  • 4. 
    The sequence of each stage in development is predictable 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Erickson's theory of development is the universal theory use to explained growth and development
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
     major components of growth and development?
    • A. 

       Psychosocial-Freud and Erickson 

    • B. 

      Cognitive-Piaget

    • C. 

      Moral-Kohlberg

    • D. 

      Spiritual

    • E. 

      Biophysical

    • F. 

      Modeling- Edison 

    • G. 

      Erwin

  • 7. 
     Psychosocial development: development of ____________
  • 8. 
    A formally potty trained child has recently shown signs of regression due to being admitted to the hospital for a prolonged time. Who's theory explains this phenomenon?
    • A. 

      Kohlberg

    • B. 

      Freud

    • C. 

      Erickson

    • D. 

      Piaget

  • 9. 
     The 12 stages of development reflect positive, negative aspects of critical life periods, No stage can be bypassed, people can become _________at a stage.
  • 10. 
    Name the phase: object permanence, some reasoning at end  
    • A. 

      Formal Operations 

    • B. 

      Concrete operations

    • C. 

      Preconceptual

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor

  • 11. 
    Name the phase: egocentrisim, magical thinking, animism
    • A. 

      Preconceptual

    • B. 

      Concrete operations

    • C. 

      Formal Operations

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor 

  • 12. 
    Name the phase: concept of time, fact from fantasy
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preconceptual

    • C. 

      Concrete operation

    • D. 

      Formal operations 

  • 13. 
    Name the phase: other centered, hypothesis and deduction
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preconceptual

    • C. 

      Concrete operation

    • D. 

      Formal operation

  • 14. 
     Birth weight doubles by ________months, ________ by end of first year
    • A. 

      5, triples

    • B. 

      6, slows down

    • C. 

      5, doubles

    • D. 

      3, triples

  • 15. 
    In infancy, height increases ______during first year 
    • A. 

      2 foot

    • B. 

      1/2 foot

    • C. 

      1 foot

    • D. 

      3 foot

  • 16. 
    What is the best way to help physical growth and prevent failure to thrive in infants?
    • A. 

       quality of feeding 

    • B. 

      Tummy time

    • C. 

      Love

    • D. 

      Putting child on their back 

  • 17. 
    In infancy, children participate in what kind of play?
    • A. 

      Solitary play 

    • B. 

      Parallel play

    • C. 

      Cooperative play

    • D. 

      None of the above 

  • 18. 
    An infant's temperament will have several changes by the age of 12. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    During ages 1 to 3  physical growth and motor development has
    • A. 

      Slower rate of growth 

    • B. 

      Faster rate of growth 

    • C. 

      Stopped completely

    • D. 

      Regresses

  • 20. 
    A toddles growth and motor development requires limited __________ intake 
  • 21. 
    What phase of cognitive development is a toddler in 
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Preconceptual

    • C. 

      Concrete operation

    • D. 

      Formal operation

  • 22. 
    Why do toddlers not cry as much when their caregiver leaves the room 
    • A. 

      Well-developed object permanence 

    • B. 

       develops control of elimination patterns

    • C. 

      Developed rudimentary problem solving 

    • D. 

       Understanding of cause-and-effect relationships

  • 23. 
    At daycare, you can observe toddlers in ________ play  
  • 24. 
    A normal toddler vocabulary is  almost ______ words
    • A. 

      1000

    • B. 

      500

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      1500

  • 25. 
    A normal preschool vocabulary is over ______ words
    • A. 

      1000

    • B. 

      2000

    • C. 

      3000

    • D. 

      700

  • 26. 
     School-Aged Boys and girls are no longer close in size
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    At what time does the immune system mature resulting in fewer illnesses
    • A. 

      Infant

    • B. 

      Teenage 

    • C. 

      Preschool age 

    • D. 

      School age

  • 28. 
    School-age children have well-developed _______ motor skills
  • 29. 
    School-age children nutritional requirements increase dramatically with _________ _________
  • 30. 
    For school-age children ________ is an extremely important method of learning, living
  • 31. 
    Developmental disabilities: a cluster of conditions occurring as a result of impairment in 
    • A. 

      Communication

    • B. 

      Motor function

    • C. 

      Cognition

    • D. 

      Adaptive functioning

  • 32. 
    Who is at greater risk for cognitive delays
    • A. 

      Preterm infants

    • B. 

      Child in a single parent household

    • C. 

      Child with no siblings

    • D. 

      A child who watches an over an hour of Tv every day

  • 33. 
    ___________ Functioning encompasses life and social skill
  • 34. 
    What can cause alterations in development?
    • A. 

      Gene defect

    • B. 

      Fetal toxins

    • C. 

      Infections

    • D. 

      Planning a child's birth

  • 35. 
    when conducting an assessment 
    • A. 

      Room should be well lit 

    • B. 

      Room should be quiet

    • C. 

      Ask close-ended questions

    • D. 

      Complete health history

  • 36. 
    A DDST test is used to 
    • A. 

      Identify young children, up to age six, with developmental problems

    • B. 

      Test for fatal toxins in new born

    • C. 

      All of the above 

    • D. 

      Determine where a child falls on the autistic spectrum 

  • 37. 
    For children what is a nurse's highest priority______
  • 38. 
    The goal of collaborative therapy is to help patient achieve greatest level of independence in least restrictive environment possible
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False