Alterations In Development: Exemplars Power Point Review

15 Questions

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Alterations In Development: Exemplars Power Point Review

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which factor presents the highest risk for a child to develop a psychiatric disorder?
    • A. 

      Having an uncle with schizophrenia 

    • B. 

      Being the oldest child in a family

    • C. 

      Living with an alcoholic parent 

    • D. 

      Being an only child

  • 2. 
    Which nursing diagnosis is universally applicable for children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders?
    • A. 

      Anxiety related to nightmares and repetitive activities

    • B. 

      Impaired social interaction related to difficulty relating to others

    • C. 

      Chronic low self-esteem related to excessive negative feedback 

    • D. 

      Deficient fluid volume related to abnormal eating habits

  • 3. 
    Which behavior indicates that the treatment plan for a child diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder was effective? The child:
    • A. 

       plays with one toy for 30 minutes.

    • B. 

      . repeats words spoken by a parent.

    • C. 

       holds the parent's hand while walking.

    • D. 

      Spins around and claps hands while walking.

  • 4. 
    Which child demonstrates behaviors indicative of a neurodevelopmental disorder?
    • A. 

       A 4-year-old who stuttered for 3 weeks after the birth of a sibling

    • B. 

      A 9-month-old who does not eat vegetables and likes to be rocked

    • C. 

       A 3-month-old who cries after feeding until burped and sucks a thumb

    • D. 

      A 3-year-old who is mute, passive toward adults, and twirls while walking

  • 5. 
    A nurse assesses a 3-year-old diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. Which finding is most associated with the child's disorder? The child:
    • A. 

       has occasional toileting accidents.

    • B. 

      Is unable to read children's books.

    • C. 

       cries when separated from a parent.

    • D. 

      Continuously rocks in place for 30 minutes.

  • 6. 
      By what age should an infant be able to pull itself up to standing?
    • A. 

      9 months

    • B. 

      12 months

    • C. 

      18 months

    • D. 

      6 months

  • 7. 
      At what age can an infant begin eating solid foods?
    • A. 

      3 months

    • B. 

      9 months

    • C. 

      4 months

    • D. 

      6 months

  • 8. 
    Pathophysiology related to autism 
    • A. 

       Defects in genes and gene expression in areas of cell-cycle expression

    • B. 

      Atypical brain construction

    • C. 

      MRIs show abnormalities of neurons of cerebral cortex

    • D. 

      Damage to immature brain affecting motor function, muscles

  • 9. 
    What are the main categories for cerebral palsy  
    • A. 

       occurs during fetal development, birth, neonatal period 

    • B. 

      Happens after first 28 days of life

    • C. 

      Occurs predominantly  in males

    • D. 

      Occur in adolescence 

  • 10. 
    Autism is diagnosed based on presence of specific criteria in _______
  • 11. 
    Cerebral palsy is a common PERMANENT physical disability in children involving posture and movement. It denotes a __________________ disorder. 
    • A. 

      Progressive

    • B. 

      Nonprogressive

  • 12. 
    This is the most common type of Cerebral Palsy. It involves HYPER-tonicity. The child will have poor control of posture and poor coordination, as well as impairment of FINE and GROSS motor skills  
    • A. 

      Athetoid cerebral palsy

    • B. 

      Ataxic cerebral palsy

    • C. 

      Spastic cerebral palsy

    • D. 

      Spastic diplegia 

  • 13. 
    Administered by intrathecal pump to decrease muscle tone, vasospasms
    • A. 

      Baclofen

    • B. 

      Antivan

    • C. 

      Amoxcillin

    • D. 

      Tizanidine

  • 14. 
    There are several cures that nurses can interduce parents to after their child is  diagnosed with autism 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False