Weather And Climate

40 Questions

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Weather Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of these factors does not influence a change in weather for any location?
    • A. 

      Temperature

    • B. 

      Humidity

    • C. 

      Pressure

    • D. 

      Precipitation

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      The moon pulling on Earth's layers of the atmosphere

    • B. 

      Unequal heating of Earth's surface

    • C. 

      Waves acting upon the air causing movement

    • D. 

      Earth's core pulling on the layers of the atmosphere

  • 3. 
    Antarctic and Arctic regions have this type of climate and air masses with this characteristic
    • A. 

      Polar

    • B. 

      Continental

    • C. 

      Tropica

    • D. 

      Temperate Zone

  • 4. 
    A large body of air that develops over a particular region of Earth's surface is called a/n
    • A. 

      Air mass

    • B. 

      Precipitation

    • C. 

      Humidity

    • D. 

      Front

  • 5. 
    Which best describes the difference between relative and absolute humidity?
    • A. 

      Relative humidity is the amount of water vapor the air can hold while absolute humidity is the amount of water vapor the air is holding  

    • B. 

      Relative humidity is the amount of water vapor the air is holding while absolute humidity is the amount of water vapor the air can hold

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 6. 
    The layer of Earth's atmosphere where we live and most weather takes place.
    • A. 

      Troposphere

    • B. 

      Mesosphere

    • C. 

      Stratospher

    • D. 

      Exosphere

  • 7. 
      An occluded front may bring many days of rain because either air mass can move the other
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 8. 
      The greenhouse effect is the trapping of energy from the sun by Earth's atmosphere
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 9. 
    The main factors that affect an area's precipitation are prevailing winds and mountains
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 10. 
    The prevailing westerlies, the major wind belts over the continental United States, generallly push air masses from...
    • A. 

      East to west

    • B. 

      West to east

    • C. 

      North to south

    • D. 

      South to north

  • 11. 
    Large clouds that often characterized by dark color and produce thunderstorms are called....
    • A. 

      Stratus clouds

    • B. 

      Cumulonimbus clouds

    • C. 

      Cirrus clouds

    • D. 

      Nimbostratus clouds

  • 12. 
    The boundary where unlike air masses meet but do not easily mix is called a front
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 13. 
    Regions that receive less than 25 centimeters of rain annually are called....
    • A. 

      Tundras

    • B. 

      Savannas

    • C. 

      Deserts

    • D. 

      Steppers

  • 14. 
    The climate on the leeward side of a mountain differs from that on the windward side mostly in....
    • A. 

      The strength of the winds

    • B. 

      The direction of the winds

    • C. 

      The angle of sunlight

    • D. 

      The amount of rainfall

  • 15. 
      Increased carbon dioxide may cause global warming by.....
    • A. 

      Allowing more sunlight into the atmosphere

    • B. 

      Reflecting more sunlight from clouds

    • C. 

      Reducing the amount of oxygen in the ai

    • D. 

      Trapping more heat in the atmosphere

  • 16. 
    Climates are classified based on two major factors
    • A. 

      Elevation and precipitation

    • B. 

      Latitude and temperature

    • C. 

      Elevation and latitud

    • D. 

      Precipitation and temperature

  • 17. 
    The seasons are caused by........
    • A. 

      Earth's varying distance from the sun

    • B. 

      Earth's changing rate of rotatio

    • C. 

      The tilt of the Earth's axis as Earth revolves around the sun

    • D. 

      Shifting climates on Earth's surface

  • 18. 
    Scientists that study the weather and try to predict it are....
    • A. 

      Astronomers

    • B. 

      Climatologists

    • C. 

      Meteorologists

    • D. 

      Weatherologists

  • 19. 
      A funnel shaped cloud that touches Earth's surface is called a....
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Cyclone

    • C. 

      Tornado

    • D. 

      Thunderhead

  • 20. 
    When a warm air mass and a cold air mass meet and neither can move the other, the result is a(an)....
    • A. 

      Occluded front

    • B. 

      Warm fron

    • C. 

      Stationary front

    • D. 

      Cold front

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Cold front

    • B. 

      Occluded fron

    • C. 

      Warm front

    • D. 

      Stationary front

  • 22. 
    The average, year after year conditions of temperature, precipitation, winds, and cloud in an area are known as its...
    • A. 

      Global warming

    • B. 

      Seasons

    • C. 

      Weather

    • D. 

      Climate

  • 23. 
    A storm is a (an).....
    • A. 

      "dome: of water that sweeps across the coast where a hurricane lands

    • B. 

      Huge body of air that has similar temperature, humidity, and air pressure at any given height

    • C. 

      Boundary where unlike air masses meet and do not easily mi

    • D. 

      Violent disturbances in the atmosphere

  • 24. 
    Hurricanes typically form over......
    • A. 

      Cold ocean water

    • B. 

      Tropical rain forests

    • C. 

      Warm ocean water

    • D. 

      Very dry land masses

  • 25. 
    Any form of water that falls from clouds is called......
    • A. 

      Dew

    • B. 

      Evaporation

    • C. 

      Condensatio

    • D. 

      Precipitation

  • 26. 
    The place where two air masses meet.
    • A. 

      Air mass

    • B. 

      Air pressure

    • C. 

      Water cycle

    • D. 

      Front

  • 27. 
    The amount of water vapor in the air
    • A. 

      Warm front

    • B. 

      Precipitation

    • C. 

      Humidity

    • D. 

      Air pressure

  • 28. 
    An instrument used to measure how hot or cold something is
    • A. 

      Barometer

    • B. 

      Thermometer

    • C. 

      Wind sock

    • D. 

      Rain guage

  • 29. 
     The gradual increase in average global surface temperature is called...
    • A. 

      Global warming

    • B. 

      The greenhouse effect

    • C. 

      Climate change

    • D. 

      Hotter temperature

  • 30. 
    The average temperature in Atlanta in June is 25o C, but the average temperature in December is 7o C. Why is the average temperature in Atlanta higher in June than in December?
    • A. 

      The Sun is hotter during June than it is during December.

    • B. 

      Earth is closer to the Sun in June than it is during December.

    • C. 

      Earth's axis is tilted so that Atlanta gets more direct sunlight in June than in December.

    • D. 

      The atmosphere in Atlanta absorbs more heat from sunlight in June than in December.

  • 31. 
    The prevailing westerlies, the major wind belts over the continental United States, generally push air masses from
    • A. 

      East to west

    • B. 

      West to east

    • C. 

      North to south

    • D. 

      South to north

  • 32. 
    What type of weather does high pressure bring?
    • A. 

      Fair skies

    • B. 

      Drizzle

    • C. 

      Heavy rain

    • D. 

      Clouds and rain

  • 33. 
    Which cloud is this?
    • A. 

      Cumulus

    • B. 

      Stratus

    • C. 

      Cirrus

    • D. 

      Cumulonimbus

  • 34. 
    How do clouds form?
    • A. 

      Liquid water is heated and evaporates and becomes water vapor in the atmosphere.

    • B. 

      Water vapor in the atmosphere cools and condenses to become tiny liquid water droplets in the atmosphere.

    • C. 

      Tiny liquid water droplets float upwards and gather together in the atmosphere to form a cloud.

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 35. 
    What is a cloud?
    • A. 

      A mass of tiny water droplets suspended in the air.

    • B. 

      Particles of dust or smoke collected in the air.

    • C. 

      A mass of water vapor floating in the air.

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 36. 
    Which of the following are greenhouse gases?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Methane

    • C. 

      Ozone gas

    • D. 

      All answers are correct

  • 37. 
    Increase in which gas is primarily responsible for increased global warming?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      ´╗┐Water vapor

    • C. 

      Methane

    • D. 

      Nitric oxides

  • 38. 
    Which cloud is this?
    • A. 

      Cumulus

    • B. 

      Cumulonimbus

    • C. 

      Cirrus

    • D. 

      Stratus

  • 39. 
    Why is an atmosphere with a high concentration of greenhouse gas molecules dangerous to living things?
    • A. 

      High concentrations of greenhouse gases will cool the atmosphere to the point that there will be a snowball effect earth.

    • B. 

      High concentrations of greenhouse gases will warm the planet just right for life, just like "the Goldilocks Princple" states.

    • C. 

      High concentrations of greenhouse gases will warm the atmosphere to the point that it will be too hot for a suitable environment.

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 40. 
    Air pollution in your house can come from
    • A. 

      Fresh pain

    • B. 

      Burning gas or coa

    • C. 

      Smoking

    • D. 

      All of the above