Psyc 100b - Lecture Multiple Choice

33 Questions

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Psyc 100b - Lecture Multiple Choice

This is a student-made quiz comprised of Dr. Stewart's multiple choice questions from lecture. They have been slightly modified for clarity, and some questions have been excluded or replaced to avoid any ambiguity. Best of luck studying for your exams!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Spearman, what is the nature of 'g'?
    • A. 

      G is monolithic (has no subtypes)

    • B. 

      G is the combination of subtypes of cognitive abilities

    • C. 

      G is how well we perform in the real world

    • D. 

      G does not exist

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is true about genetic influences on intelligence and age?
    • A. 

      Genetic influences increase with age

    • B. 

      Genetic influences decrease with age

    • C. 

      Genetic influences do not vary with age

    • D. 

      Depending on one's environment, genetic influence may increase or decrease with age

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not a potential diathesis for schizophrenia?
    • A. 

      Getting divorced from your spouse

    • B. 

      Gene abnormalities

    • C. 

      A family history of schizophrenia

    • D. 

      Having a mother who contracted the flu immediately prior to birth

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is an example of a negative symptom of schizophrenia?
    • A. 

      Avolition

    • B. 

      Catatonia

    • C. 

      Tangential speech

    • D. 

      Interpersonal problems

  • 5. 
    In adults, one of  two cardinal symptoms must be present for a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder. These two symptoms are:
    • A. 

      Depressed mood and a lack of pleasure/interest in things one used to enjoy

    • B. 

      Appetite distrubances and sleep problems

    • C. 

      Depressed mood and suicidal ideation

    • D. 

      A lack of pleasure/interest in things one used to enjoy and sleep problems

  • 6. 
    Trevor is a researcher that has to wear new footwear in the lab due to new policies. Trevor believes that the footwear is causing problems with his research equipment even though the footwear never touches the equipment. This causes Trevor a great deal of distress. Trevor says he can mitigate the problems by frequently touching lightswitches, so he frequently touches lightswitches. Which of the following questions would be the least diagnostic regarding this potential delusion?
    • A. 

      Does Trevor hear voices or see things that are not there?

    • B. 

      Do other people report similar problems with the same footwear?

    • C. 

      Why does Trevor think that touching the lightswitch mitigate the problem?

    • D. 

      Do other researchers around Trevor have the same problem?

  • 7. 
    Which of the following approaches to personality measurement is standardized, and has shown evidence of being valid and reliable?
    • A. 

      The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

    • B. 

      Rorschach

    • C. 

      Myers-Briggs

    • D. 

      A horoscope

  • 8. 
    Felix is a straight A student who always gets his work in on time. He thrives in situations where there is lots of structure and boundaries. At times, he has trouble being flexible, and does not often do things "on a whim". Based on this description ONLY, Felix is best described as having:
    • A. 

      High conscientiousness

    • B. 

      Low neuroticism

    • C. 

      High openness

    • D. 

      Low extraversion

  • 9. 
    According to the psychodynamic theory proposed by Freud, the superego:
    • A. 

      Is entirely unconscious and inaccessible

    • B. 

      Develops through a process where boundaries and limits imposed by authority figures are internalized

    • C. 

      Is present at birth

    • D. 

      Operates according to the "reality principle"

  • 10. 
    When thinking ahead to the final exam, you think it will be the worst experience ever. You are engaging in:
    • A. 

      Affective forecasting

    • B. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • C. 

      Self-perception theory

    • D. 

      Cut off reflected failure

  • 11. 
    The night before the final, you are so stressed out that you barhop with your friends and drink too much. You wake up feeling hungover and go to the final exam. You have likely engaged in:
    • A. 

      Self-handicapping

    • B. 

      Cut off reflected failure

    • C. 

      Basking in reflected glory

    • D. 

      Downward social comparison

  • 12. 
    You are a TA for PSYC 100. A student arrives to an important tutorial late. You think "this student is disorganized and lazy." You are engaging in:
    • A. 

      Fundamental attribution error

    • B. 

      Internal attribution error

    • C. 

      Self-serving attribution error

    • D. 

      External attribution error

  • 13. 
    What persuasion technique is Calvin ATTEMPTING to use?
    • A. 

      Door-in-the-face

    • B. 

      That's-not-all

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      Low-balling

  • 14. 
    What persuasion technique is being used in this ad
    • A. 

      That's-not-all

    • B. 

      Door-in-the-face

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      Low-balling

  • 15. 
    What persuasion technique is the seller using?
    • A. 

      Low-balling

    • B. 

      Door-in-the-face

    • C. 

      Foot-in-the-door

    • D. 

      That's-not-all

  • 16. 
    Sexual drives are an important type of:
    • A. 

      Non-regulatory drive

    • B. 

      Regulatory drive

    • C. 

      Homeostasis mechanism

    • D. 

      Emotion

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Shame

    • B. 

      Surprise

    • C. 

      Anger

    • D. 

      Disgust

  • 18. 
    Which of the following theories would be best explained by the statement, "The dog makes me tremble and feel afraid"?
    • A. 

      Cannon-Bard

    • B. 

      James-Lange

    • C. 

      Schachter's two factor

    • D. 

      Cannon-Lange

  • 19. 
    Which of the following theories is best captured by the statement, "I label my trembling as fear because I appraise the situation as dangerous"?
    • A. 

      Schachter's two factor

    • B. 

      Cannon-Bard

    • C. 

      James-Lange

    • D. 

      James-Cannon

  • 20. 
    Harmful dysfunction:
    • A. 

      Involves an internal, biological mechanism that fails to perform its natural function

    • B. 

      Is strictly a socio-cultural theory of mental illness

    • C. 

      Is necessary for diagnosing a mental illness

    • D. 

      Only applies to schizophrenia and major depressive disorder

  • 21. 
    Christine was diagnosed with a specific phobia related to her fear of dogs. In an early treatment session, she went to a dog kennel and sat in an enclosed space with six large dogs. The intervention Christine was receiving is most likely:
    • A. 

      Flooding

    • B. 

      Systematic desensitization

    • C. 

      Interoceptive exposure

    • D. 

      Rational emotive behaviour

  • 22. 
    Rashid has experienced a pronounced low mood every day for four months. During the same time, he has had problems with his sleep, appetite, and concentration, and he has felt worthless. During psychotherapy, Rashid is working on identifying how his thoughts affect his emotions. When he notices thoughts that make him feel worse, he is working to change them by gathering evidence from his experience. Rashid is most likely engaging in:
    • A. 

      Cognitive therapy for major depressive disorder

    • B. 

      Cognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder

    • C. 

      Exposure and response prevention for generalized anxiety disorder

    • D. 

      Exposure and response prevention for major depressive disorder

  • 23. 
    Owen was hungrily eating some raspberries, and in a haste, got some on his nose. His mom brought him over to a mirror. On study his own reflection, Felix immediately wiped the raspberry off his nose. Felix is MOST LIKELY a:
    • A. 

      24-month-old human child

    • B. 

      14-month-old human child

    • C. 

      Chimpanzee (type of monkey)

    • D. 

      Macaques (type of monkey)

  • 24. 
    Rosie is given a box of Smarties by her mother. Excitedly, she opens the box, only to find pencils in it. When asked what she thinks her 7-year-old brother will think is in the Smarties box, she says "Smarties". Rosie is most likely a: 
    • A. 

      4-year-old

    • B. 

      2-year-old

    • C. 

      3-year-old

    • D. 

      1-year-old

  • 25. 
    According to Piaget, a schema is:
    • A. 

      Mental frameworks or bodies of knowledge that organizes and synthesizes information about a person, place or thing

    • B. 

      The process of taking in new information and experiences

    • C. 

      The process of balancing old knowledge and new information

    • D. 

      The tendency for being egocentric

  • 26. 
    Think about Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development. A trolley is rushing down the tracks toward a group of five people. You are standing next to a level that, if pulled, would redirect the trolley toward one individual on another track. Either way, the trolley will kill whomever it strikes. You decide to pull the level because you think the value of fives lives is more than the value of one life, even though you are killing one person who otherwise would not have died. What state of moral development are you in?
    • A. 

      Postconventional

    • B. 

      Preconventional

    • C. 

      Conventional

    • D. 

      Periconventional

  • 27. 
    Which of the following is TRUE about the germinal period?
    • A. 

      The morula develops into a blasocyst

    • B. 

      It lasts 7-8 weeks

    • C. 

      It usually starts in the uterus

    • D. 

      Organs and appendages are detectable

  • 28. 
    Which of the following cell layers results in the development of the brain?
    • A. 

      Ectoderm

    • B. 

      Mesoderm

    • C. 

      Endoderm

    • D. 

      Neuroderm

  • 29. 
    You hear a honking horn, which initially means nothing to you. After time, the honking horn becomes associated with something you crave. You start to drool when you hear the honking horn. The honking horn has become the:
    • A. 

      Conditioned stimulus

    • B. 

      Unconditional stimulus

    • C. 

      Unconditioned behaviour

    • D. 

      Conditioned behaviour

  • 30. 
    Who would be more likely to develop a mental illness?
    • A. 

      A person with a familial history of mental illness, who grew up in a stressful environment

    • B. 

      A personal with no familial history of mental illness, who grew up in a stressful environment

    • C. 

      A personal with no familial history of mental illness, who grew up in a stress-free environment

    • D. 

      A person with familial history of mental illness, who grew up in a stress-free environment

  • 31. 
    Jody has been experiencing the following symptoms on and off for the last few weeks: chest pains, difficulty breathing, feelings of dread, and feeling faint. She has gone to emergency thinking that she is experiencing a heart attack, but there is no evidence of one. Jody is distressed about these symptoms, and they are affecting her academic performance. She is likely experiencing:
    • A. 

      Panic attacks

    • B. 

      Panic disorder

    • C. 

      Agorophobia

    • D. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

  • 32. 
    Brent is a veteran in the Canadian Armed Forces and he served in Afghanistan. While deployed, Brent experienced horrific events that he does not like to talk about. From what is Brent likely suffering?
    • A. 

      Nothing

    • B. 

      Specific phobia

    • C. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

    • D. 

      Generalized anxiety disorder

  • 33. 
    A common criticism of the DSM-5 is:
    • A. 

      Its potential bias to diagnose some disorders more in females and some more in males

    • B. 

      Its lack of standardization

    • C. 

      Its lack of reliability

    • D. 

      Its lack of consistency when two or more clinicians are assigning diagnoses