# Uvod U Informacione Sisteme - Prvo Predavanje

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Questions: 48 | Attempts: 84

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• 1.

### Šta je sistem?

• A.

Skup elemenata ili procesa koji nisu  povezani odnosima sa zajedničkom svrhom postojanja

• B.

Skup elemenata koji nisu povezani i nemaju zajedničku svrhu postojanja

• C.

Skup komponenti i njihovih međusobnih veza koje funkcionišu kao jedinstvena celina da bi proizveli, prikupili i/ili obradili informaciju

C. Skup komponenti i njihovih međusobnih veza koje funkcionišu kao jedinstvena celina da bi proizveli, prikupili i/ili obradili informaciju
Explanation
The correct answer is "Skup komponenti i njihovih međusobnih veza koje funkcionišu kao jedinstvena celina da bi proizveli, prikupili i/ili obradili informaciju." This answer accurately describes a system as a collection of components and their interconnections that work together to produce, collect, and/or process information.

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• 2.

### Podsistem je sistem koji funkcioniše kao deo većeg sistema

• A.

Tačno

• B.

Netačno

A. Tačno
Explanation
The given statement is true. A "podsistem" is a subsystem that functions as a part of a larger system. It is a component or a specialized system that works together with other subsystems to achieve the overall objectives of the larger system. This can be seen in various fields such as technology, engineering, and organizational management, where different subsystems are integrated to form a complex and interconnected system.

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• 3.

### Deo veće celine koji funkcioniše u zajednici sa ostalim komponentama da bi ostvarile cilj, namenu, svrhu je

• A.

Podsistem

• B.

Komponenta sistema

B. Komponenta sistema
Explanation
The given statement states that a component of a system is a part of a larger entity that functions together with other components to achieve a goal or purpose. Therefore, the correct answer is "Komponenta sistema" which translates to "Component of the system" in English.

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• 4.

### Naučna disciplina koja se bavi proučavanjem zakonitosti funkcionisanja sistema:

• A.

Teorija sistema

• B.

Teorija funkcionisanja

A. Teorija sistema
Explanation
Teorija sistema je naučna disciplina koja se bavi proučavanjem zakonitosti funkcionisanja sistema. Ova disciplina se fokusira na analizu i razumevanje kompleksnih sistema, kao i njihovih komponenti, interakcija i ponašanja. Teorija sistema pruža okvir za proučavanje sistema u različitim oblastima, kao što su biologija, psihologija, sociologija, ekonomija i druge naučne discipline. Ova disciplina pomaže u identifikaciji i analizi uzročno-posledičnih veza unutar sistema, što omogućava bolje razumevanje i predviđanje njihovog funkcionisanja.

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• 5.

### Opšta teorija sistema je razvila koje naučne discipline?

• A.

Teoriju funkcionisanja

• B.

Kibernetiku

• C.

Teoriju informacija

• D.

Teoriju upravljanja

• E.

Novi pristup biologiji, ekonomiji i tehnici

B. Kibernetiku
C. Teoriju informacija
D. Teoriju upravljanja
E. Novi pristup biologiji, ekonomiji i tehnici
Explanation
The correct answer states that the discipline of cybernetics, the theory of information, the theory of management, and a new approach to biology, economy, and technology have developed the theory of systems.

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• 6.

### Uslovi za sistem su:

• A.

Postojanje elemenata

• B.

Postojanje zajedničke svrhe

• C.

Postojanje veza(relacija)

• D.

Da funkcioniše pod određenim pravilima

• E.

Da nije izolovana celina

• F.

Da je relativno izolovana celina

A. Postojanje elemenata
B. Postojanje zajedničke svrhe
C. Postojanje veza(relacija)
D. Da funkcioniše pod određenim pravilima
F. Da je relativno izolovana celina
Explanation
The correct answer is a list of conditions that must be met for a system to exist. These conditions include the existence of elements, a common purpose, relationships between elements, functioning according to specific rules, and being relatively isolated.

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• 7.

### Podela sistema:

• A.

Apstraktni

• B.

Realni

• C.

Precizni

A. Apstraktni
B. Realni
Explanation
The given answer states that the division of systems is into "Apstraktni" and "Realni". This suggests that the systems can be categorized into abstract and real systems. The abstract systems refer to conceptual or theoretical systems that are not physically tangible, while the real systems are tangible and exist in the physical world. This division allows for a classification based on the nature and characteristics of the systems, providing a framework for understanding and analyzing different types of systems.

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• 8.

### Podela realnih sistema:

• A.

Tehnički

• B.

Organizacioni

• C.

Prirodni

• D.

Privredne organizacije

• E.

Tržište

A. Tehnički
B. Organizacioni
D. Privredne organizacije
E. Tržište
Explanation
The correct answer is a list of different types of real systems. These systems can be categorized into four categories: technical systems, organizational systems, economic organizations, and markets. Each category represents a different aspect or perspective of real systems. Technical systems refer to systems that involve technology and engineering, organizational systems refer to systems that involve the organization and structure of a company or institution, economic organizations refer to systems that involve the management and operations of businesses, and markets refer to systems that involve the buying and selling of goods and services.

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• 9.

### Podela apstraktnih sistema:

• A.

Tehnički

• B.

Realni

• C.

Prirodni

• D.

Veštački

C. Prirodni
D. Veštački
Explanation
The correct answer is "Prirodni, Veštački." This suggests that the division of abstract systems can be categorized into two types: natural and artificial. Natural abstract systems are those that occur in nature or are inherent in natural phenomena, while artificial abstract systems are created or designed by humans. This division helps to classify and understand different types of abstract systems based on their origin and characteristics.

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• 10.

### Sistem se posmatra kao celina

• A.

Tačno

• B.

Netačno

A. Tačno
Explanation
The statement "Sistem se posmatra kao celina" translates to "The system is observed as a whole." This suggests that the system is considered as a complete entity, rather than focusing on its individual parts or components. This approach allows for a holistic understanding and analysis of the system, taking into account the interactions and interdependencies between its various elements. Therefore, the answer "Tačno" (Correct) is appropriate as it aligns with the idea of viewing the system as a whole.

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• 11.

### Promena stanja sistema je zapravo:

• A.

Ponašanje sistema

• B.

Stanje sistema

A. Ponašanje sistema
Explanation
The correct answer is "Ponašanje sistema" because "promena stanja sistema" translates to "change in the system's state," which refers to how the system behaves or acts. Therefore, "ponašanje sistema" (system behavior) is the most suitable term to describe the given phrase.

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• 12.

### Na osnovu prethodnog i sadašnjeg stanja sistema moguće je odrediti i ponašanje sistema u budućnosti

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Based on the previous and current state of the system, it is possible to determine the future behavior of the system.

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• 13.

### Niz promena naziva se

• A.

Ponašanje sistema

• B.

Stanje sistema

• C.

Proces

C. Proces
Explanation
The given options are "Ponašanje sistema" (system behavior), "Stanje sistema" (system state), and "Proces" (process). From the options provided, "Proces" is the most appropriate answer as it refers to a sequence of steps or activities that are executed in order to achieve a specific goal. In the context of the given question, "Niz promena naziva se" (a series of changes is called) suggests that the term being sought is related to a series of actions or steps, which aligns with the concept of a process.

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• 14.

### Prema ponašanju, sistemi se dele na:

• A.

Determinističke(predvidivo)

• B.

Stohastičke(uz verovatnoću predvidivo)

• C.

Nepredvidivo

A. Determinističke(predvidivo)
B. Stohastičke(uz verovatnoću predvidivo)
Explanation
The correct answer states that systems can be divided into two categories based on behavior: deterministic (predictable) and stochastic (predictable with probability). This means that deterministic systems have behavior that can be precisely predicted, while stochastic systems have behavior that can only be predicted with a certain level of probability.

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• 15.

### Preduzimanje određenih akcija tako da se sistem dovede u stanje ostvarivanja postavljenog cilja je

• A.

Upravljanje

• B.

Organizovanje

A. Upravljanje
Explanation
The correct answer is "Upravljanje" because it refers to the process of taking specific actions in order to bring the system to a state of achieving the set goal. This involves planning, directing, and coordinating resources and activities to ensure the successful completion of objectives. Organizovanje, on the other hand, refers to the process of arranging and structuring resources and activities in order to achieve efficiency and effectiveness in reaching the desired goals.

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• 16.

### Podatak je isto što i informacija

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because "Podatak je isto što i informacija" translates to "Data is the same as information" which is incorrect. While data and information are related, they are not the same. Data refers to raw facts or figures, while information is data that has been processed or organized to be meaningful and useful. Therefore, data is a component of information, but they are not interchangeable terms.

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• 17.

### Kordinirana predstava o nekoj činjenici iz realnog sveta

• A.

Podatak

• B.

Informacija

A. Podatak
Explanation
The given question is in Serbian and it asks for the correct translation of the word "Podatak" into English. The correct answer is "Data." "Podatak" refers to a piece of information or a fact from the real world. It is commonly used to describe numerical or factual information that can be collected, analyzed, and used for various purposes.

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• 18.

### Informacija je kreirana od:

• A.

Podatka

• B.

Znanja

A. Podatka
Explanation
The correct answer is "Podatka". This is because the question is asking about the source of information, and "Podatka" means "Data" in Slovenian. Therefore, the correct answer is "Data".

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• 19.

### Informacija je jednaka

• A.

Podaci + struktura

• B.

Znanje + ljudski faktor

A. Podaci + struktura
Explanation
The given answer suggests that information is a combination of data and structure. Data refers to raw facts and figures, while structure refers to the organization and arrangement of this data. When data is organized and structured in a meaningful way, it becomes information. This implies that information is not just about having data, but also about how it is organized and presented. Additionally, the answer does not mention the second part of the equation, "znanje + ljudski faktor" (knowledge + human factor), so it is not clear how this relates to the concept of information.

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• 20.

### Znanje je jednako

• A.

Podaci + struktura

• B.

Informacija + analiza

B. Informacija + analiza
Explanation
The given answer, "informacija + analiza," is a combination of two terms that are related to knowledge. "Informacija" means information, which refers to data or facts that have been organized or processed in a meaningful way. "Analiza" means analysis, which involves examining or studying information to understand its meaning or implications. Therefore, the answer suggests that knowledge is equal to the combination of information and analysis, indicating that understanding and interpreting information is essential for acquiring knowledge.

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• 21.

### Odluka je jednaka

• A.

Znanje + ljudski faktor

• B.

Informacija + analiza

A. Znanje + ljudski faktor
Explanation
The given answer suggests that the decision-making process is a combination of knowledge and the human factor. This means that making a decision involves not only having the necessary information and analyzing it but also taking into account the human element, such as intuition, experience, and judgment. In other words, decisions are not solely based on facts and data, but also on the input and perspective of individuals involved in the decision-making process.

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• 22.

### Informacioni sistem je zasnovan na

• A.

Razmeni informacija sa okolinom

• B.

Međusobnom razmenom informacija između komponenti sistema

• C.

Ne razmenjuje podatke između komponenti sistema već samo sa okolinom

A. Razmeni informacija sa okolinom
B. Međusobnom razmenom informacija između komponenti sistema
Explanation
The correct answer is "razmeni informacija sa okolinom,međusobnom razmenom informacija između komponenti sistema". This is because an information system is designed to exchange information with its environment, as well as facilitate the exchange of information between its components. This ensures that the system can gather and distribute relevant data both internally and externally, enabling effective communication and decision-making.

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• 23.

### Čemu služi informacioni sistem?

• A.

Prikuplja, čuva, obrađuje, analizira i distribuira obrađene podatke

• B.

Unapređuje proces donošenja odluka

• C.

Unapređuje efikasnost organizacije

• D.

Samo analizira i distribuira podatke

A. Prikuplja, čuva, obrađuje, analizira i distribuira obrađene podatke
B. Unapređuje proces donošenja odluka
C. Unapređuje efikasnost organizacije
Explanation
The information system serves multiple purposes. It collects, stores, processes, analyzes, and distributes processed data. Additionally, it improves the decision-making process and enhances the efficiency of the organization.

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• 24.

### Komponente koje moraju zajedno sarađivati u IS:

• A.

Hardver

• B.

Softver

• C.

Podaci

• D.

Ljudi

• E.

Organizacione procedure

• F.

Komunikacija, povratne informacije

A. Hardver
B. Softver
C. Podaci
D. Ljudi
E. Organizacione procedure
F. Komunikacija, povratne informacije
Explanation
The correct answer includes all the essential components that need to collaborate in an Information System (IS). Hardware refers to the physical devices and equipment, software refers to the programs and applications, data refers to the information processed and stored, people refer to the individuals who use and manage the system, organizational procedures refer to the established rules and processes, and communication and feedback refer to the exchange of information and responses within the system. All these components are necessary for the successful functioning of an IS.

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• 25.

### HARDVER:

• A.

Serveri baza podataka

• B.

Serveri aplikacija

• C.

Web serveri

• D.

• E.

Periferne jedinice

• F.

Jedinice za smeštaj podataka

A. Serveri baza podataka
B. Serveri aplikacija
E. Periferne jedinice
F. Jedinice za smeštaj podataka
Explanation
The given answer includes various types of hardware components that are commonly used in a computer system. These components are: serveri baza podataka (database servers), serveri aplikacija (application servers), radne stanice (workstations), periferne jedinice (peripheral devices), and jedinice za smeštaj podataka (data storage units). These components together form the hardware infrastructure of a computer system, with each serving a specific purpose.

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• 26.

### SOFTVER:

• A.

Operativni sistemi

• B.

Kompajleri, interpretatori

• C.

Web serveri

• D.

Serveri baza podataka

• E.

Olap

• F.

Aplikativni softver

A. Operativni sistemi
B. Kompajleri, interpretatori
C. Web serveri
E. Olap
F. Aplikativni softver
Explanation
The given answer includes a list of various types of software. It mentions "operativni sistemi" which translates to operating systems, "kompajleri" which translates to compilers, "interpretatori" which translates to interpreters, "web serveri" which translates to web servers, "olap" which is an abbreviation for Online Analytical Processing, and "aplikativni softver" which translates to application software. These are all different categories of software that serve different purposes in the computing world.

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• 27.

### Metode i načini kojima se kordinira rad svih komponenti IS-a kako bi činile skladnu celinu

• A.

Organizacione procedure

• B.

Komunikacija

A. Organizacione procedure
Explanation
The correct answer is "organizacione procedure". This answer aligns with the given statement, which is discussing the methods and ways in which all components of an information system coordinate their work to form a harmonious whole. Organizacione procedure refer to the set of rules and guidelines that govern the functioning and coordination of different components within an organization. These procedures ensure that tasks are performed efficiently, roles and responsibilities are defined, and communication channels are established, ultimately leading to the smooth functioning of the information system.

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• 28.

### OSNOVNE FUNKCIJE IS-A:

• A.

Prikupljanje podataka

• B.

• C.

• D.

Distribucija podataka

• E.

Nijedno od ponuđenih

A. Prikupljanje podataka
D. Distribucija podataka
Explanation
The correct answer is "prikupljanje podataka, skladištenje podataka, obrada podataka, distribucija podataka". These functions are the basic functions of an IS-A (Information System - Application) system. The system is responsible for collecting, storing, processing, and distributing data. These functions are essential for the proper functioning of an IS-A system and ensure that data is effectively managed and utilized.

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• 29.

### Tipovi IS-a prema stepenu automatizacije

• A.

Neautomatizovani IS

• B.

Automatizovani IS

• C.

Poluautomatizovani IS

A. Neautomatizovani IS
B. Automatizovani IS
Explanation
The given answer suggests that there are three types of IS (Information Systems) based on the degree of automation: Neautomatizovani IS (Non-automated IS), Automatizovani IS (Automated IS), and poluautomatizovani IS (Semi-automated IS). This implies that information systems can vary in their level of automation, with some being completely manual, some fully automated, and some falling in between.

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• 30.

### Podela informacionih sistema se vrši na:

• A.

Operacione IS

• B.

Analitičke IS

• C.

Nijedno od ponuđenih

A. Operacione IS
B. Analitičke IS
Explanation
The correct answer is that information systems can be categorized into operational IS and analytical IS. Operational IS refers to systems that support day-to-day operations and transactions within an organization, such as transaction processing systems. On the other hand, analytical IS refers to systems that analyze and provide insights from the data collected by operational systems, such as decision support systems or business intelligence systems. Therefore, the division of information systems into operational and analytical categories is a valid categorization.

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• 31.

### Operacioni informacioni sistemi se dele na:

• A.

Transakcione sisteme

• B.

Sisteme za upravljanje procesima

• C.

Kancelarijski i sistemi za međusobnu saradnju

• D.

A. Transakcione sisteme
B. Sisteme za upravljanje procesima
C. Kancelarijski i sistemi za međusobnu saradnju
Explanation
The correct answer is that information systems are divided into transactional systems, process management systems, and office and collaborative systems.

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• 32.

### Analitički informacioni sistemi se dele na

• A.

Transakcione sisteme

• B.

• C.

Sistemi za podršku u odlučivanju

• D.

Izvršni informacioni sistemi

C. Sistemi za podršku u odlučivanju
D. Izvršni informacioni sistemi
Explanation
The correct answer includes three types of analytical information systems: Menadzment informacioni sistemi (Management information systems), Sistemi za podršku u odlučivanju (Decision support systems), and Izvršni informacioni sistemi (Executive information systems). These systems are used to gather, analyze, and present data to support decision-making processes at different levels of an organization. Menadzment informacioni sistemi focus on providing information to managers for planning, organizing, and controlling operations. Sistemi za podršku u odlučivanju assist in making complex decisions by analyzing data and generating alternative solutions. Izvršni informacioni sistemi provide top-level executives with summarized information for strategic decision-making.

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• 33.

### Uređeni skup alata i sistema koji služe za prikupljanje, skladištenje, obradu i transformaciju podataka u informacije, a koje podržavaju svakodnevne poslovne operacije i organizacije

• A.

Operacioni IS

• B.

Analitički IS

A. Operacioni IS
Explanation
The given answer "Operacioni IS" is the correct answer because it refers to the set of tools and systems that are used for collecting, storing, processing, and transforming data into information to support daily business operations and organizations. This type of information system is focused on the operational aspects of a business, such as transaction processing, inventory management, and customer support.

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• 34.

### Prikupljaju, ažuriraju, skladište i obrađuju poslovne transkacije

• A.

Transakcioni sistemi

• B.

Sistemi za upravljanje procesima

A. Transakcioni sistemi
Explanation
The given statement suggests that the system described is involved in collecting, updating, storing, and processing business transactions. This aligns with the concept of transactional systems, which are designed to handle and manage business transactions efficiently. These systems are responsible for maintaining the integrity and consistency of data related to transactions within an organization.

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• 35.

• A.

• B.

• C.

Explanation
The given answer, "Grupna obrada, Trenutna obrada," suggests that there are two methods of transaction processing: group processing and immediate processing. Group processing refers to the handling of transactions in batches or groups, where multiple transactions are processed together. Immediate processing, on the other hand, involves the real-time processing of transactions as they occur. These two methods offer different advantages and may be used based on the specific requirements of the transaction processing system.

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• 36.

### Osnovna namena TRANSAKCIONOG sistema je:

• A.

Da obriše sve promene podataka u slučaju otkaza

• B.

Da obezbedi konzistentnost i integritet podataka

B. Da obezbedi konzistentnost i integritet podataka
Explanation
The primary purpose of a transactional system is to ensure consistency and integrity of data. This means that the system is designed to guarantee that all changes made to the data are completed successfully or not at all. It ensures that the data remains accurate and reliable throughout any operations or transactions performed on it.

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• 37.

### ROLLBACK

• A.

Briše sve promene podataka koje su se dogodile od početka transakcije u slučaju otkaza

• B.

Čuva sve promene podataka koji su se dogodile od početka transakcije u slučaju otkaza

A. Briše sve promene podataka koje su se dogodile od početka transakcije u slučaju otkaza
Explanation
The correct answer is "Briše sve promene podataka koje su se dogodile od početka transakcije u slučaju otkaza." This means that in case of a rollback, all the changes made to the data since the beginning of the transaction will be erased or undone.

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• 38.

### Transakcioni sistemi moraju biti u stanju da podrže veliki broj istovremenih korisnika i tipova transakcija

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Transaction systems need to be able to support a large number of simultaneous users and types of transactions, as stated in the given statement. This is because transaction systems are designed to handle multiple users performing various transactions at the same time. Therefore, the statement is true.

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• 39.

### Otkriva, dokumentuje, automatizuje i kontinualno poboljšava poslovne procese

• A.

Analitički informacioni sistemi

• B.

Transakcioni sistemi

• C.

Sistemi za upravljanje poslovnim procesima

C. Sistemi za upravljanje poslovnim procesima
Explanation
The given correct answer, "Sistemi za upravljanje poslovnim procesima" (Systems for managing business processes), is the most appropriate choice because it accurately describes the function of the system mentioned in the statement. The statement suggests that the system "Otkriva, dokumentuje, automatizuje i kontinualno poboljšava poslovne procese" (Discovers, documents, automates, and continuously improves business processes), which aligns with the purpose of systems for managing business processes. These systems are designed to identify, document, automate, and enhance various business processes within an organization, leading to increased efficiency and effectiveness.

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• 40.

### Cilj sistema za upravljanje poslovnim procesima je da:

• A.

Poveća efikasnost

• B.

Poveća troškove

• C.

Smanji troškove

• D.

Prolagođavanje promenljivom okruženju

A. Poveća efikasnost
C. Smanji troškove
D. Prolagođavanje promenljivom okruženju
Explanation
The goal of a business process management system is to increase efficiency, reduce costs, and adapt to a changing environment.

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• 41.

### Skup povezanih, struktuiranih, koordinisanih aktivnosti koji kombinuju raspoložive resurse da bi na osnovu određenih ulaznih parametara proizveli određeni izlaz koji stvara vrednost za krajnje korisnike

• A.

Kancelarijski sistem

• B.

Kolaborativni sistem

• C.

Poslovni proces

C. Poslovni proces
Explanation
The given description states that a "skup povezanih, struktuiranih, koordinisanih aktivnosti koji kombinuju raspoložive resurse da bi na osnovu određenih ulaznih parametara proizveli određeni izlaz koji stvara vrednost za krajnje korisnike" refers to a "poslovni proces." This means that a business process is a set of activities that are organized and coordinated to utilize available resources and produce a specific output that creates value for end users.

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• 42.

### Kolaborativni sistemi imaju tri kategorije:

• A.

Komunikacioni alati

• B.

Alati za konferencije

• C.

Olap

• D.

Kolaborativni upravljački alati

A. Komunikacioni alati
B. Alati za konferencije
D. Kolaborativni upravljački alati
Explanation
The correct answer is a list of three categories of collaborative systems: communication tools, conference tools, and collaborative management tools. These categories represent different types of tools that are used in collaborative systems to facilitate communication, collaboration, and management within a team or organization. Communication tools enable users to exchange messages and information, while conference tools allow for virtual meetings and discussions. Collaborative management tools help in coordinating and organizing tasks and projects within a collaborative environment.

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• 43.

### Uređen skup alata i sistema koji omogućavaju pronalaženje, prikupljanje, ekstraktovanje, organizaciju, skladištenje, analiziranje i prevođenje poslovnih informacija u znanje u cilju podrške odlučivanju i poboljšanja sveukupne poslovne efektivnosti je :

• A.

Analitički IS

• B.

Operacioni IS

A. Analitički IS
Explanation
The correct answer is "analitički IS" because it refers to a set of tools and systems that enable the finding, collecting, extracting, organizing, storing, analyzing, and translating of business information into knowledge to support decision-making and improve overall business effectiveness. This type of information system focuses on data analysis and provides insights that can help organizations make informed decisions and improve their performance.

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• 44.

### Analiza podataka primenom različitih algoritama koji implementiraju razne matematičke i statističke modele primenljivih u poslovne svrhe je:

• A.

Poslovna studija slučaja

• B.

Data mining

B. Data mining
Explanation
The explanation for the correct answer "Data mining" is that it refers to the process of analyzing large sets of data to discover patterns, relationships, and insights. In this context, the question is asking about the analysis of data using different algorithms and mathematical/statistical models for business purposes, which aligns with the concept of data mining.

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• 45.

### Cilj data mining-a?

• A.

Pronalaženje šablona tj. obrazaca ponašanja otkrivanjem skrivenih veza između vrednosti podataka

• B.

Povećavanje efektivnosti i smanjenje troškova