Homeostasis: Fluids And Electrolytes | NCLEX Quiz 131

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1032

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NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    He net diffusion of water from one solution of water from one solution through a semipermeable membrane to another solution containing a lower concentration of water is termed:
    • A. 

      Filtration

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Brownian motion

  • 2. 
    When assessing a patient’s total body water percentage. the nurse is aware that all of the following factors influence this except:
    • A. 

      Age

    • B. 

      Fat tissue

    • C. 

      Muscle mass

    • D. 

      Gender

  • 3. 
    Orly Khan is suffering from fluid volume deficit (FVD). which of the following symptoms would the nurse expect to assess in the patient?
    • A. 

      Rales

    • B. 

      Bounding pulse

    • C. 

      Tachycardia

    • D. 

      Bulging neck veins

  • 4. 
    John Reid is admitted in the hospital and is currently receiving hypertonic fluids. Nursing management for the client includes monitoring for all of the following potential complications except:
    • A. 

      Water intoxication

    • B. 

      Fluid volume excess (FVE)

    • C. 

      Cellular dehydration

    • D. 

      Cell shrinkage

  • 5. 
    Mr. Wenceslao is scheduled to receive an isotonic solution
    • A. 

      D10% W

    • B. 

      0.45% saline

    • C. 

      0.9% saline

    • D. 

      3% normal saline W

  • 6. 
    Which of the following arterial blood gas (ABG) values indicates uncompensated metabolic alkalosis?
    • A. 

      PH 7.48. PaCO2 42. HCO3 30

    • B. 

      PH 7.48. PaCO2 46. HCO3 30

    • C. 

      PH 7.48. PaCO2 34. HCO3 20

    • D. 

      PH 7.48. PaCO2 34. HCO3 26

  • 7. 
    The body’s compensation of metabolic alkalosis involves:
    • A. 

      Increasing the respiratory rate

    • B. 

      Decreasing the respiratory rate

    • C. 

      Increasing urine output

    • D. 

      Decreasing urine output

  • 8. 
    When assessing a patient for metabolic alkalosis. the nurse would expect to find:
    • A. 

      Low serum potassium

    • B. 

      Changes in urine output

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Increased CVP

  • 9. 
    Which of the following blood products should be infused rapidly?
    • A. 

      Packed red blood cells (PRBC)

    • B. 

      Fresh frozen plasma (FFP)

    • C. 

      Platelets

    • D. 

      Dextran

  • 10. 
    Which of the following statements provides the rationale for using a hypotonic solution for a patient with FVD?
    • A. 

      A hypotonic solution provides free water to help the kidneys eliminate the solute.

    • B. 

      A hypotonic solution supplies an excess of sodium and chloride ions.

    • C. 

      Excessive volumes are recommended in the early postoperative period.

    • D. 

      A hypotonic solution is used to treat hyponatremia.

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