Mid Term Exams - NUR 101 - Medication Administration From Foundations II

49 Questions

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Medical Quizzes & Trivia

From Foundations of Nursing by Christensen and Kockrow, Chapter 23, pages 681-736


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Proper ways of instilling ear drops. Select all that apply
    • A. 

      For adults and children older than 3 years of age, pull earlobe upward and back

    • B. 

      For children younger than 3 years of age, turn head with affected side up, pull earlobe downward and back

    • C. 

      Irrigating an ear is an independent nursing intervention. No need for an order

    • D. 

      Tell patient to remain in same position for 5 to 10 minutes to allow medication to drain into ear by gravity.

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Head forward and upward

    • B. 

      Head forward and downward

    • C. 

      Head backward and downward

    • D. 

      Head backward and upward

  • 3. 
    The main difference between a Metered Dose Inhaler and a regular nasal spray.
    • A. 

      MDI delivers a measured dose

    • B. 

      Nasal Sprays are accurate

    • C. 

      Both MDI and Nasal Sprays are percutaneous forms of medication

    • D. 

      MDI and Nasal sprays are exactly the same.

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Achieved by placing a tablet between the cheek and the teeth

    • B. 

      A drug that is administered Buccal can also be administered sublingual

    • C. 

      Tablets are the most common form of buccal administration

    • D. 

      Rapid onset of drug's active ingredient is due to absorption into the capillaries of the mucous membranes of the cheek

  • 5. 
    Glass container that are opened by snapping off the top part. Intended for unit-dose use.   
    • A. 

      Vial

    • B. 

      Ampule

    • C. 

      Canister

    • D. 

      Capsule

  • 6. 
    Glass containers sealed with a metal cap with a rubber diaphragm in the middle of the cap. This rubber diaphragm permits a needle to enter the vial for either unit-dose or multi-dose use.
    • A. 

      Vial

    • B. 

      Ampule

    • C. 

      Canister

    • D. 

      Capsule

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Have patient open lips and place inhaler 1 to 2 inches from mouth with opening towards back of pharynx. Lips will not touch inhaler.

    • B. 

      Have patient open lips and place inhaler 1/2 to 1 inch from mouth with opening towards back of pharynx. Lips will not touch inhaler.

    • C. 

      Have patient open lips and place inhaler 1 to 2 inches away from the mouth with opening toward back of pharynx. Lips will not touch inhaler.

    • D. 

      Have patient exhale, then grasp mouthpiece with teeth and lips while holding inhaler with thumb at mouthpiece and fingers at the top.

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Have patient exhale fully, then grasp mouthpiece with teeth and lips while holding inhaler with thumb at the mouthpiece and fingers at the top

    • B. 

      Have patient inhale fully, then grasp mouthpiece with teeth and lips while holding inhaler with thumb at the mouthpiece and fingers at top

    • C. 

      Have patient open lips and place inhaler 1/2 to 1 inch from mouth

    • D. 

      Have patient open mouth and position inhaler 1 to 2 inches away from the mouth

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Breath in slowly for 3 to 5 seconds and hold breath for 20 seconds

    • B. 

      Breath in quickly for 5 to 6 seconds and hold breath for 30 seconds

    • C. 

      Breath in quickly for 3 to 4 seconds, and hold breath for 1 minute.

    • D. 

      Breath in slowly for 2 to 3 seconds, and hold breath for 10 seconds

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      2 to 5 hours

    • B. 

      2 to 5 seconds

    • C. 

      2 to 5 minutes

    • D. 

      10 to 15 minutes

  • 11. 
    If more than one type of inhaled medication is prescribed, what is the waiting period between inhalation?
    • A. 

      5 to 10 minutes

    • B. 

      5 to 10 seconds

    • C. 

      15 to 20 minutes

    • D. 

      15 to 20 seconds

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Places the medication under the patient's tongue

    • B. 

      Gives the patient a glass of water

    • C. 

      Uses 3 identitifiers

    • D. 

      Applies six rights

  • 13. 
    Reasons for using the Parenteral route of medical administration. Select all that apply: 
    • A. 

      Dysphagia

    • B. 

      Urgent need to provide absorption

    • C. 

      Urgent need for immediate onset

    • D. 

      Some medications are altered by the GI tracts

    • E. 

      Patient dislikes oral medication

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Plunger inside the barrel

    • B. 

      Outside of a barrel

    • C. 

      Point of a needle

    • D. 

      Rubber Stopper

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      1 mL

    • B. 

      3 mL

    • C. 

      5 mL

    • D. 

      10 mL

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Achieved by placing medication beneath the tongue until it is dissolved

    • B. 

      They bypass the liver which reduces time it takes to produce a drug's desired effect

    • C. 

      While tablet is being dissolved in the mouth, it is acceptable for the patient to drink a glass of water.

    • D. 

      It is acceptable to squeeze liquid out of a capsule if ordered by sublingual route

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Epidural

    • B. 

      Intramuscular

    • C. 

      Subcutaneous

    • D. 

      Intradermal

    • E. 

      Intravenous

  • 18. 
    Total volume of a tuberculin syringe 
    • A. 

      0.5 mL

    • B. 

      1 mL

    • C. 

      1.5 mL

    • D. 

      2 mL

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Small doses of epinephrine

    • B. 

      Subcutaneous medication

    • C. 

      Electrolytes

    • D. 

      Intradermal skin test

    • E. 

      Mantoux

  • 20. 
    Main reason why insulin syringe is only used for insulin  
    • A. 

      It has the smallest needle

    • B. 

      It is calibrated in units

    • C. 

      It is the most effective syringe

    • D. 

      It was designed for insulin

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      U100 syringe holds 100 units of insulin per 1 mL

    • B. 

      U100 syringe holds 100 units of insulin per 10 mL

    • C. 

      U50 syringe holds 50 units of insulin per 0.5 mL

    • D. 

      U30 syringe in 0.3 mL size

  • 22. 
    Most frequently used syringe:
    • A. 

      1 mL

    • B. 

      3 mL

    • C. 

      5 mL

    • D. 

      Tuberculin

  • 23. 
    3 mL syringe is used for what kind of injections?
    • A. 

      SubQ

    • B. 

      IM

    • C. 

      ID

    • D. 

      IV

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Diameter of the lumen determines the gauge

    • B. 

      The smaller the gauge, the larger the diameter

    • C. 

      A 29-30 gauge needle has a large diameter

    • D. 

      The thicker the medication, the smaller the gauge

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Butterfly and over-the-needle catheter are the two types of IV needles

    • B. 

      Butterfly needle (scalp or winged needle) is useful for short term IV fluids

    • C. 

      Over the counter needles are called Angiocaths, Jelcos, Abbocaths, or Insytes

    • D. 

      The catheter should not be used for long term IV because it is flexible

    • E. 

      It is possible to use Angiocaths for an indefinite period of time

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Emergency situations and surgery

    • B. 

      Immunization and preventive innoculation

    • C. 

      TPN and thick IV infusion

    • D. 

      Blood and blood products transfusion

    • E. 

      Intensive care cases

  • 27. 
    The difference between an Angiocath, a stylet and an Intracath 
    • A. 

      Angiocaths and Intracaths are used for the same purpose. A stylet is made of plastic

    • B. 

      Angiocaths are longer than Intracaths while a Stylet is used to guide a catheter.

    • C. 

      Angiocath is a plastic catheter over a stainless needle. A stylet is a bevel-tipped metal guide used to pierce skin and vein. Intracaths are longer than angiocaths and are used for long term IV

    • D. 

      Angiocaths, stylets and intracaths are used for IV and SubQ

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      Always shake an insulin

    • B. 

      Roll long and intermediate acting insulin between palms

    • C. 

      DO not mix long acting insulin glargine (Lantus) with regular insulin (Lantus is acidic and will affect action of regular insulin)

    • D. 

      Administer mixtures of insulin within 15 minutes of preparation

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      Ventrogluteal

    • B. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • C. 

      Dorsogluteal

    • D. 

      Deltoid

  • 30. 
    In general, Hepatitis B vaccine is administered where?
    • A. 

      Dorsogluteal

    • B. 

      Ventrogluteal

    • C. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • D. 

      Deltoid muscle

  • 31. 
    Preferred site for children younger than 3 years of age because it is free of nerves and blood vessels.
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris

    • B. 

      Deltoid

    • C. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • D. 

      Intramuscular

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Use your right hand for the patient's right hip, and the left hand for patient's left hip.

    • B. 

      Point your thumb toward the patient's groin, point your index finger toward the anterior superior iliac spine, and extend your middle finger back along the iliac crest toward the buttock as far as possible

    • C. 

      Injection site is the center of the triangle formed by index and middle finger

    • D. 

      Palpate the greater trochanter at the head of the femur and the anterior superior iliac spine

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Injection site is about 1 to 2 inches below the acromion process

    • B. 

      Position patient sitting or lying down, exposing upper arm and shoulder.

    • C. 

      Use in infants or children who are underweight

    • D. 

      Inject no more than 1 mL into the muscle

    • E. 

      Landmarks are the acromion process of the scapula and the axillary fold.

  • 34. 
    • A. 

      Used to avoid or minimize tissue irritation

    • B. 

      IM is the preferred site

    • C. 

      Ventrogluteal or dorsogluteal should be avoided

    • D. 

      Does not allow staining or tracking of medication into tissue as needle is withdrawn

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      When performing an intradermal injection, you have to aspirate to avoid injury

    • B. 

      Small volumes such as 0.1 mL are injected to form a small bubble-like wheal just under the skin

    • C. 

      Absorption in this location is slow which makes intradermal ideal for allergy sensitivity tests

    • D. 

      Use a tuberculin syringe to give intradermal because it holds only a maximum of 1 mL

    • E. 

      Use the upper chest, the inner aspect of the lower arm or the scapular area for ID injections

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Up

    • B. 

      Down

    • C. 

      Left

    • D. 

      Right

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Fluids and Electrolytes

    • B. 

      TPN and medication

    • C. 

      Blood and blood products

    • D. 

      Chemotherapy and PCA

    • E. 

      Insulin, heparin, Lovenox and Fragmin

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      Fentanyl

    • B. 

      Dilaudid

    • C. 

      Buprenex

    • D. 

      Demerol

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Intermittent Venous Access Device is the same as Heparin Lock and Intermittent Infusion is the same as Piggyback

    • B. 

      Intermittent Venous Access Device is same as Piggyback. Intermittent Infusion is the same as Saline Lock

    • C. 

      The former and the latter are the same

    • D. 

      The former and the latter are both subcutaneous

  • 40. 
    Benefits of a Patient-controlled Analgesia. Select all that apply 
    • A. 

      Provides more pain relief with less medication

    • B. 

      Patient is more in control and decreases anxiety

    • C. 

      Patient can have as much medication as needed

    • D. 

      Patient can have medication as often as needed

  • 41. 
    • A. 

      Designed to deliver a measured amount of fluid over a period of time

    • B. 

      Designed to deliver any amount of fluid within a period of time

    • C. 

      Designed to deliver fluids at any time

    • D. 

      Designed to deliver any medication within a specified period of time

  • 42. 
    • A. 

      IV tubing box

    • B. 

      IV line

    • C. 

      IV catheter

    • D. 

      IV needle

  • 43. 
    You are about to administer Tylenol to an 85-year old patient. Which of the following are appropriate before, during and after the administration? Select all that apply
    • A. 

      Sip water before attempting to swallow medication

    • B. 

      Crush medication if needed and mix with apple sauce

    • C. 

      Tell the patient to chew the tablet before swallowing

    • D. 

      Mix the tablet with alcohol to stimulate a pleasant taste

  • 44. 
    The use of PCA and PCE reduces the use of what kind of injections?
    • A. 

      Intramuscular injections

    • B. 

      Subcutaneous injections

    • C. 

      Intradermal injections

    • D. 

      Intravenous injections

  • 45. 
    Right after administering 100 mg of medication to a patient, you realized that the MAR only requested 10 mg. What do you have to do next?
    • A. 

      Check the patient

    • B. 

      Complete an incident report

    • C. 

      Call the supervisor

    • D. 

      Call the physician