Review Quiz: Microbiology Trivia Questions

67 Questions | Total Attempts: 753

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Review Quiz: Microbiology Trivia Questions

Are you a microbiology student looking for some trivia questions to stimulate yourself and see how much you have understood in class this whole year? If you said yes, then the test below is what the doctor prescribed as it covers most of the topics that might come in the final exam. All the best, as you try it out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Interferons are produced by
    • A. 

      Viruses as they begin replication

    • B. 

      Various body cells on infection by viruses

    • C. 

      Bacteria in response to viral infection

    • D. 

      Drug companies for use against bacteria

  • 2. 
    All viruses possess
    • A. 

      A capsid and an envelope

    • B. 

      DNA as well as RNA

    • C. 

      A genome and a capsid

    • D. 

      A nucleocapsid and envelope

  • 3. 
    Viral envelopes usually are acquired by
    • A. 

      Budding through a membrane of the host cell

    • B. 

      Synthesizing envelope lipids under direction of the virus

    • C. 

      An outgrowth of the genome membrane

    • D. 

      Reaction with interferon protein

  • 4. 
    Oncogens are genes that
    • A. 

      Transform normal cells to cancer cells

    • B. 

      Influence ongoing protein production

    • C. 

      Encourage recombinations in bacteria

    • D. 

      The virus uses to replicate itself

  • 5. 
    The neuraminidase of influenza viruses assists in
    • A. 

      Host cell infection and spread to other cells

    • B. 

      Digestion of nuclear components of the cell

    • C. 

      Disintegration of the cell at the conclusion of the replication cycle

    • D. 

      Assembly of viral components

  • 6. 
    The retrovirus can synthesize DNA from RNA because it contains
    • A. 

      The necessary glucose molecules

    • B. 

      Envelope proteins that provide receptor sites

    • C. 

      The enzyme reverse transcriptase

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm within its genome

  • 7. 
    The cytopathic effect (CPE)
    • A. 

      Are replicating in tissue culture cells

    • B. 

      Have induced cells to produce interferons

    • C. 

      Are forming new capsid proteins

    • D. 

      Have entered the state of lysogeny with host cells

  • 8. 
    Base analogs are antiviral drugs that are
    • A. 

      Related to penicillin

    • B. 

      Erroneously incorporated into viral DNA

    • C. 

      Effective against bacteriophages but not human viruses

    • D. 

      Able to induce interferon production in cells

  • 9. 
    All of the following are classes of antiviral drugs except
    • A. 

      Reverse transcriptase inhibitors

    • B. 

      DNAase inhibitiors

    • C. 

      Protease inhibitors

    • D. 

      Neuraminidase inhibitors

  • 10. 
    A human form of BSA is called
    • A. 

      Scrapie

    • B. 

      Wasting disease

    • C. 

      Variant CJD

    • D. 

      TSE

  • 11. 
    Which one of the following is true of the influenza virus?
    • A. 

      Transmission usually occurs by water contamination

    • B. 

      The virion has no protein associated with it

    • C. 

      The virion has no envelope

    • D. 

      The virion undergoes antigenic variations

  • 12. 
    The respiratory syncytial virus takes its name from the
    • A. 

      Formation of giant cells in tissue culture cells

    • B. 

      Involvement of the liver tissue

    • C. 

      Lysis of the red blood cells, which accompanies the disease

    • D. 

      Involvement of the nervous system

  • 13. 
    The TORCH diseases are those that
    • A. 

      Are associated with high fever syndromes

    • B. 

      Pass from a pregnant woman to the developing fetus

    • C. 

      Cause the body to burn with fever

    • D. 

      Can be treated with antibiotics

  • 14. 
    One of the reasons for the success of the smallpox eradication campaign was that 
    • A. 

      Smallpox could be treated with antibiotics

    • B. 

      Smallpox viruses were used in the vaccine

    • C. 

      Smallpox occurred only in humans

    • D. 

      Smallpox was not a transmissible disease

  • 15. 
    German measles is similar to measles because
    • A. 

      Both diseases are caused by the same virus

    • B. 

      The gastrointestinal tract is involved in both diseases

    • C. 

      A skin rash occurs in both diseases

    • D. 

      Both diseases lead to Reyes syndrome

  • 16. 
    Herpes zoster, or shingles, is an adult disease caused by
    • A. 

      An RNA virus with spikes

    • B. 

      The rubeola virus

    • C. 

      A virus transmitted mainly by arthropods

    • D. 

      The same virus that causes chickenpox

  • 17. 
    The MMR immunization program has significantly affected the annual incidence of all the following disease except
    • A. 

      Rubella

    • B. 

      Mumps

    • C. 

      Measles

    • D. 

      Chickenpox

  • 18. 
    The scientific name for measles is
    • A. 

      Rubella

    • B. 

      Variola

    • C. 

      Varicella

    • D. 

      Rubeola

  • 19. 
    Viruses that have spikes on their envelopes and contain both hemagglutinin and neuraminidase cause
    • A. 

      Chickenpox

    • B. 

      Influenza

    • C. 

      Smallpox

    • D. 

      The common cold

  • 20. 
    Thich one of the following is not caused by a member of the Herpesviridae
    • A. 

      Chickenpoc

    • B. 

      Shingles

    • C. 

      Smallpox

    • D. 

      Cold sores

  • 21. 
    A drug thought to inhibit viral disease because it is a base analog substitute is
    • A. 

      Acyclovir

    • B. 

      Zanamivir

    • C. 

      Amanitadine

    • D. 

      TORCH

  • 22. 
    SARS is caused by a 
    • A. 

      Coronavirus

    • B. 

      Paramyxovirus

    • C. 

      Herpesvirus

    • D. 

      Retrovirus

  • 23. 
    Once the symptoms have fully materialized in an individual, rabies has
    • A. 

      Increased susceptibility to antibiotic treatment

    • B. 

      No chance of beiing transmitted among animals

    • C. 

      A great susceptibility to antibodies

    • D. 

      One of the highest motility rates of any human diseases

  • 24. 
    The adjectives western equine, La Crosse, California, and St. Louis all apply
    • A. 

      Forms of arboviral encephalitis

    • B. 

      Types of hepatitis B virus

    • C. 

      Different modes of gastroenteritis

    • D. 

      Types of influenza virus

  • 25. 
    The noroviruses are notable because they
    • A. 

      Cause of viral gastroenteritis

    • B. 

      Have no capsid

    • C. 

      Are one of the largest viruses known

    • D. 

      Have both DNA and RNA

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