Matter

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Matter Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz on the states and properties of matter


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Matter is anything that has a __________.
  • 2. 
    Matter is also anything made of ______ and _______.
  • 3. 
    __________ and _________can move from one physical state to another and not change.
  • 4. 
    The compound water is made up of two ________ (H) atoms and one _______ (O) atom.
  • 5. 
    Water has the same molecular structure whether it is a gas, liquid, or solid. Although its physical state may change, its _______ state remains the same.
  • 6. 
    If you added another oxygen atom to water, you would make _______ _______ (H2O2).
  • 7. 
    Changing states of matter is about changing densities, pressures, temperatures, and other physical properties. The basic chemical structure does not change.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Elements and compounds can move from one phase to another phase when special physical forces are present. One example of those forces is temperature. The phase or state of matter can change when the temperature changes. Generally, as the temperature ______, matter moves to a more active state.
    • A. 

      Stabilizes

    • B. 

      Rises

    • C. 

      Falls

  • 9. 
    _______ are usually hard because their molecules have been packed together.
    • A. 

      Solids

    • B. 

      Liquids

    • C. 

      Gases

  • 10. 
    ______ can hold their own shape.
  • 11. 
    _______ will move and conform to the shape of its container.
  • 12. 
    The atoms inside of a ______ are not allowed to move around too much.
  • 13. 
    Most rocks are mixtures of many different compounds. Concrete is a good example of a manmade mixture.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    When a solid is made up of a pure substance and forms slowly, it can become a _________.
  • 15. 
    The atoms in a crystal are arranged in a regular repeating pattern called a crystal _________.
  • 16. 
    When you _______ something, you force the atoms closer together.
  • 17. 
    ________ are very difficult to compress and ______ are very easy.
  • 18. 
    The __________ is a big layer of gas that surrounds the Earth.
  • 19. 
    _________ can fill a container of any size or shape. That is one of their physical characteristics.
  • 20. 
    Vapor and gas mean the same thing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The word vapor is used to describe gases that are usually transformed from a liquid state. Good examples are water or ________ (Hg).
  • 22. 
    Compounds like carbon dioxide aren’t usually gases at room temperature.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Combinations of pressure and decreasing temperature force gases into tubes that we use every day. You might see compressed air in a spray bottle or feel the carbon dioxide rush out of a can of soda. Those are both examples of gas forced into a space smaller than it would want, and the gas escapes the first chance it gets.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    _________ are groups of molecules that are mixed up in a completely even distribution.
  • 25. 
    Scientists say that solutions are ________ systems.
  • 26. 
    Solutions can have a little higher concentration on one side of the liquid when compared to the other side.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Sugar-water could be considered a _________. Sand-water is a _________.
  • 28. 
    Solutions could be gases dissolved in liquids, such as carbonated water.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    If you mix things up and they stay at an even distribution, it is not a solution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    ________ with all types of metals are good examples of a solid solution at room temperature.
  • 31. 
    A ________ solution is basically two substances that are going to be combined.
  • 32. 
    A ________ is the substance to be dissolved.
  • 33. 
    The __________ is the substance doing the dissolving
  • 34. 
    As a rule of thumb, there is usually more solute than solvent.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    ________ is the ability of the solvent to dissolve the solute.
  • 36. 
    Usually when you heat up a solvent, it can dissolve more solid materials and less gas.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    When you increase the surrounding pressure, you can usually dissolve more gases in the liquid. Think about your soda can. They are able to keep the fizz inside because the contents of the can are under higher pressure.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    Some things dissolve easier in one kind of substance than another. Sugar dissolves easily in water; oil does not. Therefore ________ has a low solubility when it comes to ______.
  • 39. 
    Alloys are basically a mixture of two or more _______.
  • 40. 
    Metallurgists (people who work with metals) sometimes add ________ (Cr) and/or ______ (Ni) to steel.
  • 41. 
    While steel is already an alloy that is a very strong metal, the addition of small amounts of the other metals help steel resist rusting. Depending on what element is added, you could create Stainless Steel or Galvanized Steel.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    You might know ________ as "quicksilver" or the metal that is liquid at room temperature.
  • 43. 
    _________ are alloys that combine mercury and other metals in the periodic table.
  • 44. 
    Dentists don't usually use amalgams with mercury anymore because it may have slowly poisoned people and gotten them sick.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Think about a bottle of salad dressing. Before you mix it, there are two separate layers of liquids. When you shake the bottle, you create an  _________. As time passes, the oil and water will separate to their original states.
  • 46. 
    When it gets colder, most solids expand in size. There are a few which shrink but most expand.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    The temperature at which liquid turns to solid is called the _________ point.
  • 48. 
    The temperature at which liquid turns to gas is called the _________ point.
  • 49. 
    When a solid reaches the temperature of its _________ point it can become a liquid.
  • 50. 
    The melting point of water is a little over ______ degrees Celsius.
  • 51. 
    When gas reaches the temperature of the __________ point, it becomes a liquid.
  • 52. 
    A ________ can be made from a gas if a lot of energy is pushed inside.
  • 53. 
    _________changes are about energy and states of matter. ________ changes happen on a molecular level.
  • 54. 
    When ________ (Fe) rusts, this is an example of a chemical change.
  • 55. 
    Melting a sugar cube is a chemical change because the substance is no longer sugar.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    The sugars glucose, galactose, and fructose all have six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms. Even though they are made of the same atoms, they have very different shapes and are called structural ______.
  • 57. 
    Sometimes a liquid can be sitting in one place (maybe a puddle) and its molecules will become a gas. That's the process called ________.
  • 58. 
    Evaporation happens more often with cooler liquids.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    Evaporation happens when atoms or molecules escape from the liquid and turn into a vapor.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    Molecules like to move from areas of higher pressure to lower pressure. Once the vapor pressure of an area increases to a specific level, the rate of evaporation will increase.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    _________ are a lot like gases, but the atoms are different because they are made up of free electrons and ions of the element.
  • 62. 
    An example of plasma is a neon sign. Just like a fluorescent light, neon signs are glass tubes filled with gas. When the light is turned on, the electricity flows through the tube. The electricity charges the gas, possibly neon, and creates plasma inside of the tube.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 63. 
    Stars are big balls of gases at really high temperatures. The high temperatures charge up the atoms and create plasma.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    If plasmas are super hot and super excited atoms, the atoms in a ______________ condensate (BEC) are total opposites. They are super-unexcited and super-cold atoms.
  • 65. 
    _________ happens when several gas molecules come together and form a liquid.
  • 66. 
    When boiling water condenses on the lid of your pot, it cools on the metal and becomes a liquid again. This condensed water is called a  __________.
  • 67. 
    The BEC happens at super low temperatures. At zero Kelvin all molecular motion stops. Scientists have figured out a way to get a temperature only a few billionths of a degree above absolute zero. When temperatures get that low, you can create a BEC with a few special elements. Cornell and Weiman did it with the element,  _________.
  • 68. 
    A BEC is created as a result of atomic __________. This takes place when a group of atoms takes up the same place, creating a "super atom." There are no longer thousands of separate atoms. They all take on the same qualities and for our purposes become one blob.
  • 69. 
    If you have some dissolved substances, you can boil off the water and still have those dissolved substances left over. Because it takes very high temperatures to boil salt, the salt is left in the container.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 70. 
    _________water is water that has been boiled and the water molecules have been separated from other molecules, like the molecules found in tap water.
  • 71. 
    In a solution of salt and iron, the iron can be removed with a _________.
  • 72. 
    Concrete and salt water are two classic examples of __________.
  • 73. 
    Salt is a combination of ________ (Na) and __________ (Cl).
  • 74. 
    Homogeneous mixtures have an even distribution of the different compounds. Solutions are great examples of homogeneous mixtures. __________ mixtures have uneven distributions of the materials.
  • 75. 
    All solutions are mixtures, but not all mixtures are solutions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 76. 
    Which of these is not a mixture?  
    • A. 

      Amalgams

    • B. 

      Alloys

    • C. 

      Solutions

    • D. 

      They are all mixtures.

  • 77. 
    How many states of matter are there?
  • 78. 
    Atoms in a liquid are farther apart than the atoms in a gas.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 79. 
    _________ are the densest state of matter (of solids liquids, and gases). ________ are the least dense and have atoms that are the most spread out.
  • 80. 
    Which has the least energetic molecules?  
    • A. 

      Gases

    • B. 

      Solids

    • C. 

      Plasmas

    • D. 

      Liquids

  • 81. 
     If you leave water in a glass and some molecules turn into a gas, it is called...   
    • A. 

      Egasoration

    • B. 

      Extinction

    • C. 

      Evaporation

    • D. 

      Solidification

  • 82. 
    Which of these choices is NOT an example of a plasma?  
    • A. 

      Stars

    • B. 

      Neon sign

    • C. 

      Fluorescent Light Bulb

    • D. 

      Incandescent Light Bulb

  • 83. 
    Usually, the total charge of plasma is ________. Of course, there are exceptions. As the atoms are energized, electrons are released into the system. That release leaves a bunch of positive and negative charges. They should all cancel each other out.
  • 84. 
    Crystals are special structures that are forms in a specific geometric organization. For example, the crystal form of carbon is a __________.
  • 85. 
    Glass or plastic could be an example of an ________ solid.
  • 86. 
    Emeralds are an example of a crystal that has trace amounts of __________(Be).
  • 87. 
    Not all materials move through all three phases as temperatures increase. Some materials, including carbon dioxide (CO2), can move directly from solid to the gaseous state of matter. The term used to describe this change of state is "__________." You can see it happen whenever you watch dry ice evaporate.
  • 88. 
    Forces of attraction in liquids are stronger than the forces of attraction in solids.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 89. 
    _________ is a measure at how well fluids flow.
  • 90. 
    Examples of liquids with high viscosity are water (H2O) and alcohol (C2H6O). Tree sap and oil have very low viscosity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 91. 
    To have a solution, the mixture must be homogeneous. If you tried to combine _________ (Hg) and _______ (H2O), you would have a mixture, but not a solution. The two liquids will not evenly mix because of the different densities.
  • 92. 
    While most of the elements you think of are either gas or solid at room temperature, there are a few exceptions. Mercury (Hg) is the easy answer. You may have seen it in your classes or in your thermometers. It is always liquid at room temperature. A little less common is the element _________ (Br). These two elements are rare exceptions on the periodic table.
  • 93. 
    There are many elements that melt at temperatures just a little warmer than room temperature. _________ (Cs), _________ (Rb), and ________ (Ga) are examples of those elements.
  • 94. 
    "Psi" is an acronym that stands for "_______________."
  • 95. 
    An "atm" is one _________ of pressure.
  • 96. 
    Torr is a measure of millimeters of mercury in a barometer.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 97. 
    Standard pressure is the atmospheric pressure at sea level.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 98. 
    At sea level, the pressure of the air is ________ pounds per square inch.
  • 99. 
    Solutions with low concentrations of solutes are defined as a __________.
  • 100. 
    _____________ are a special type of solution with very small particles suspended within the solvent.