Quiz 5

10 Questions

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Philosophy Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which philosopher claimed that "the difference principle" is a fundamental principle of justice?
    • A. 

      John Rawls

    • B. 

      Robert Nozick

    • C. 

      Margaret Thatcher

    • D. 

      Sir Robert Filmer

    • E. 

      John Locke

  • 2. 
    Rawls described something that is like a hypothetical state of nature from where reasonable people would decide what a fair social contract would be. What does he call this?
    • A. 

      Conjugal society.

    • B. 

      Nasty, brutish and short.

    • C. 

      The just society.

    • D. 

      The original position.

    • E. 

      Utopia.

  • 3. 
    Uwaezuoke Precious Obioha maintains that a society that is well organized to promote human happiness and flourishing understands that humans are and should be
    • A. 

      Egoistic.

    • B. 

      Relational beings.

    • C. 

      Motivated primarily by concern about their personal rights.

    • D. 

      Highly competitive.

    • E. 

      Uncooperative.

  • 4. 
    Obioha's view of Plato and Aristotle is that
    • A. 

      They are correct to believe that individuals should be encouraged to do whatever they want to do.

    • B. 

      Since they lived in a slave owning society, there is no good reason to respect what they say about human nature.

    • C. 

      They are correct to believe that individuals should be encouraged to do whatever they want to do.

    • D. 

      Each of the answers above is correct.

    • E. 

      None of the answers above is correct.

  • 5. 
    According to Obioha
    • A. 

      The unremitting pursuit of personal profit is more corrupting than submission to arbitrary power.

    • B. 

      We should use our advantages to make others better off, not worse off.

    • C. 

      Our lives, and most of our talents, abilities and possessions are unmerited.

    • D. 

      Each of the answers above is correct.

    • E. 

      None of the answers above is correct.

  • 6. 
    What do the philosophy of John Locke and Kwame Gyekye have in common?
    • A. 

      The state of nature is a state of war of each against all.

    • B. 

      Individuals who lack the resources, capabilities and opportunities to meet their basic needs will cause a level of frustration that is a threat to the social equilibrium between peace and order. This should be dealt with by increasing the level of policing, punishment and imprisonment of such individuals.

    • C. 

      Belief that all human beings are the children of the supreme being.

    • D. 

      The definition of freedom is the absence of all constraints on the individual.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 7. 
    Positive freedom
    • A. 

      Is unimportant to the African philosophers Obioha discusses.

    • B. 

      Is the freedom of persons to develop, accomplish, realize their potentialities and personality.

    • C. 

      Is central to Hobbes’ philosophy but not Locke’s

    • D. 

      Is the freedom of individuals to do whatever they want.

    • E. 

      Does not depend on the social context in which a person lives.

  • 8. 
    According to Sam Grey, the Haudenosaunee Confederacy
    • A. 

      Represents the choice to enter and continually renew a social contract that is an alternative to the social contract imagined by early modern European philosophers.

    • B. 

      Is governed by a sovereign who rules over all members of the confederacy by divine right.

    • C. 

      Excluded women from community decision making.

    • D. 

      Was a pre-political society before contact with Europeans.

    • E. 

      Is based on the belief that humans are naturally peaceful and no special effort is necessary to sustain peaceful relations between individuals and communities.

  • 9. 
    Haudenosunee teachings refer to
    • A. 

      A society structured to shield people from physical threat while encouraging the emergence of aspirations and talents alleviates the individual of much of the burden of irrationality and frees individuals to realize their potential.

    • B. 

      Rationality is shared by all of creation; only humans have the capacity for irrationality

    • C. 

      A collective ability to think rationally that links people together in one mind.

    • D. 

      Each of the answers above is correct.

    • E. 

      None of the answers above is correct.

  • 10. 
    According to Grey, which of the following is not a characteristic of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy?
    • A. 

      Prisons.

    • B. 

      Open communication.

    • C. 

      Educating children to think for themselves and to act for others.

    • D. 

      Decentralization of authority.

    • E. 

      Collective ownership of resources.