Ling110q-exam1

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 31

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Grammar Quizzes & Trivia

The following questions should be used in your preparation for exam 1 and they cover the following handouts: Introduction, Phonectics and Phonology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A prescriptive grammar is:
    • A. 

      A grammar that dictates rules on how people should speak and write.

    • B. 

      A grammar that describes now native speakers actually speak.

    • C. 

      A grammar that is learned in a very young age.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is an appropriate characterization of Linguistic Competence?
    • A. 

      It is the observable realization of language.

    • B. 

      It is the potential to speak a language.

    • C. 

      It is the knowledge of prescriptive grammar.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is TRUE about arbitrariness in Linguistics?  
    • A. 

      The connection between form and meaning is nonarbitrary.

    • B. 

      Words that are imitative of natural sounds are the best example of arbitrariness in language.

    • C. 

      The term “arbitrary” refers to the fact that the meaning of a word is not predictable from its form.

  • 4. 
    Why do linguistics use the I.P.A. instead of using existing spelling systems of particular languages?
    • A. 

      The IPA is applicable to all human languages.

    • B. 

      IPA symbols are easy to memorize.

    • C. 

      Spelling systems have an undesirable one-to-one correspondence between sounds and symbols.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The vocal tract contains the nasal cavity and the oral cavity.

    • B. 

      The larynx has no contribution to the production of speech sounds.

    • C. 

      The subglottal system is the starting point of the airstream used to produce speech sounds.

  • 6. 
    What is the object of study of Phonetics?
    • A. 

      IPA symbols

    • B. 

      X-ray Photographs

    • C. 

      Speech sounds

  • 7. 
    As for the state of the glottis, how can we classify speech sounds?
    • A. 

      Oral or nasal

    • B. 

      Voiced or voiceless

    • C. 

      Loud or quiet

  • 8. 
    Which of the following best describes the properties of consonant sounds?
    • A. 

      Consonants are produced with a non-constricted airflow.

    • B. 

      Consonants are produced with a constriction somewhere in the vocal tract.

    • C. 

      Consonants are always voiced sounds.

  • 9. 
    What are the three criteria used to classify consonants?
    • A. 

      State of the velum, state of the glottis and state of mind.

    • B. 

      State of the glottis, manner of articulation and place of articulation.

    • C. 

      Roundness of the lips, tenseness and height.

  • 10. 
    What are the criteria used to classify vowels?
    • A. 

      Tongue height, tongue advancement, lip rounding and tenseness.

    • B. 

      State of the glottis, manner of articulation and place of articulation.

    • C. 

      State of the velum, state of the glottis and state of mind.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is the best phonetic transcription for the word ‘beat’?  
    • A. 

      [bet]

    • B. 

      [bit]

    • C. 

      [bIt]

  • 12. 
    Which of the following contains two round vowels?
    • A. 

      [o] and [u]

    • B. 

      [I] and [i]

    • C. 

      [a] and [æ]

  • 13. 
    Which of the following contains only voiceless sounds?
    • A. 

      [m], [g] and [v]

    • B. 

      [p], [s] and [ʧ]

    • C. 

      [b], [z] and [ʤ]

  • 14. 
    The conventional spelling for the phonetically transcribed word [kɔt] is ____
    • A. 

      Cat

    • B. 

      Coat

    • C. 

      Caught

  • 15. 
    The correct phonetic transcription for the English word ‘fresh’ is _____
    • A. 

      [freʃ]

    • B. 

      [frɛʃ]

    • C. 

      [frɛsh]

  • 16. 
    The object of study of Phonology is ______
    • A. 

      Phonemes and sound patterns

    • B. 

      Speech sounds and facial diagrams

    • C. 

      Meaning changes in certain words

  • 17. 
    A phoneme is ______
    • A. 

      Any sound produced by humans using the vocal tract.

    • B. 

      A class of speech sounds perceived as the same sound.

    • C. 

      Each member of the class of words in a language.