X’ --> (X) complement
X’ --> (X) (complement)
X’ --> X (complement)
Whether X is to the left or the right of its complement
Whether X’ is the mother or the daughter of X
Whether X’ is above or below its specifier
These guys are doing this … this stuff with that that thing somewhere.
Teenagers are playing sports in a Gym.
Um … skateboard … um … ball … baseball ...bicycle…
A system that generates an infinite number of rules.
An infinite set of rules that generate a finite number of sentences.
A finite set of recursive rules that generates an infinite number of sentences.
C is the mother of D.
B and C are sisters.
D is daughter of B.
It correctly predicts which sentences are grammatical and which are ungrammatical.
It tells us the style of speaking that is accepted as the social norm.
It explains how language acquisition is possible despite the poverty of stimulus.
John is hoping that Mary will not be late for her appointment.
John said that Mary is hoping that Peter will not be late for his appointment.
Mary will be late for his appointment.
In English a complement follows the head, but in Japanese it comes before the head.
In English a specifier comes before X’, but in Japanese it follows X’.
In English a specifier comes before a complement, but in Japanese it follows the complement.