Linguistics Grammar In Language Learning And Teaching

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 56

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Linguistics Quizzes & Trivia

These are practice questions used in the discussion sections for Exam 2. Test your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In a “head-initial” language like English, the PS rule that correctly describes the distribution of heads and complements is _________ .
    • A. 

      X’ --> (X) complement

    • B. 

      X’ --> (X) (complement)

    • C. 

      X’ --> X (complement)

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is a parameter of X-bar Theory?
    • A. 

      Whether X is to the left or the right of its complement

    • B. 

      Whether X’ is the mother or the daughter of X

    • C. 

      Whether X’ is above or below its specifier

  • 3. 
    TS, a patient with Broca’s Aphasia, is asked to describe a picture of teenagers playing sports in a gym. Which of the following is likeliest to be his answer?
    • A. 

      These guys are doing this … this stuff with that that thing somewhere.

    • B. 

      Teenagers are playing sports in a Gym.

    • C. 

      Um … skateboard … um … ball … baseball ...bicycle…

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements best characterizes the goal of Generative Grammar?
    • A. 

      A system that generates an infinite number of rules.

    • B. 

      An infinite set of rules that generate a finite number of sentences.

    • C. 

      A finite set of recursive rules that generates an infinite number of sentences.

  • 5. 
    If we add the rule V’à NP V to our grammar for English, we will generate the sentence *The boys can the test do, which is ungrammatical. The resulting inadequacy is called:
    • A. 

      Undergeneration

    • B. 

      Overgeneralization

    • C. 

      Overgeneration

  • 6. 
    Consider the following tree diagram:      A   /      \B      C           g          D Which of the following is FALSE about the structure?
    • A. 

      C is the mother of D.

    • B. 

      B and C are sisters.

    • C. 

      D is daughter of B.

  • 7. 
    A grammar achieves descriptive adequacy if __________
    • A. 

      It correctly predicts which sentences are grammatical and which are ungrammatical.

    • B. 

      It tells us the style of speaking that is accepted as the social norm.

    • C. 

      It explains how language acquisition is possible despite the poverty of stimulus.

  • 8. 
    In which of the following sentences has the PS rule V’ à V CP been used twice?
    • A. 

      John is hoping that Mary will not be late for her appointment.

    • B. 

      John said that Mary is hoping that Peter will not be late for his appointment.

    • C. 

      Mary will be late for his appointment.

  • 9. 
    In the phrase a movie about war, which of the following words form a constituent?
    • A. 

      About war

    • B. 

      Movie about

    • C. 

      A movie

  • 10. 
    How many specifier positions are used in the tree diagram for the following sentence? The child ate apples in class. [HINT: Draw the tree.]
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      In English a complement follows the head, but in Japanese it comes before the head.

    • B. 

      In English a specifier comes before X’, but in Japanese it follows X’.

    • C. 

      In English a specifier comes before a complement, but in Japanese it follows the complement.

  • 12. 
    The sentence I like this movie about love can be restated as I like this one. What node has been replaced? [HINT: Draw the tree.]
    • A. 

      NP

    • B. 

      N'

    • C. 

      N

  • 13. 
    What is the root node for Colors of the foliage during the fall impress tourists?
    • A. 

      NP

    • B. 

      VP

    • C. 

      IP