Ling1010-exam1

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 66

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Grammar Quizzes & Trivia

These are the practice questions used in the discussion sections for the 1st Linguistics 1010 Exam. Test your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is a rule of prescriptive grammar for English?
    • A. 

      The interjection like can be inserted only at the left edge of a phrase.

    • B. 

      The head of a nominal compound is on the right.

    • C. 

      Do not end a sentence with a preposition

  • 2. 
    By Universal Grammar, linguistics mean:
    • A. 

      A book that will help one to learn any human language.

    • B. 

      A linguistics theory of the nature of language.

    • C. 

      The last grammar the child formulates in the process of language acquisition.

  • 3. 
    From research on children's language acquisition, we know that:
    • A. 

      Whenever a child makes a grammatical mistake, her parents will correct her and model the correct form of the sentence.

    • B. 

      Mothers talk to their children is a special way that is essential for successful language acquisition.

    • C. 

      There is no reliable relationship between the grammaticality of a child's utterance and the parents' response.

  • 4. 
    In research on language acquisition, the term universality refers to:
    • A. 

      The fact that the acquired grammar is essentially indistinguishable from the caretakers' grammar.

    • B. 

      The fact that all human societies have language, and that all normal children acquire at least one language.

    • C. 

      The fact that many aspects of the language are universal, and that the rest are acquired from experience.

  • 5. 
    Travelling in an unexplored land, you find two cultures: one with sophisticated technology, and one with very primitive technology. What expectation should we have about their respective language?
    • A. 

      The technologically sophisticated culture will have a more complex language than the technologically primitive culture.

    • B. 

      The two languages will be equally complex.

    • C. 

      The technologically primitive culture will have a more complex language than the other.

  • 6. 
    The fact that the compound student film series can have two distinct meanings is due to:
    • A. 

      The general principles of prescriptive grammar.

    • B. 

      The fact that the compound can have two different hierarchical structures.

    • C. 

      The fact that every compound has two distinct meanings.

  • 7. 
    Innate knowledge refers to:
    • A. 

      Knowledge that is learned from experience.

    • B. 

      Knowledge that is part of the generic endowment of human beings.

    • C. 

      The combination of knowledge learned from experience and the genetic endowment of human beings.

  • 8. 
    According to the Right Hand Head Rule, which of the following could be the head of the English compound wood chair factory?
    • A. 

      Chair

    • B. 

      Wood chair

    • C. 

      Factory

  • 9. 
    What does study of childhood hypolingualism tell us?
    • A. 

      Corrective feedback is unnecessary for the acquisition of grammar.

    • B. 

      Hypolingualism is the first stage in the development of Specific Language Impairment (SLI).

    • C. 

      Hypolingual children suffer from severe deficits in language comprehension.

  • 10. 
    The term poverty of the stimulus refers to the fact that:
    • A. 

      Parents tend not to correct improper vocabulary in their children's speech.

    • B. 

      Parents tend not to correct grammatical errors by their children.

    • C. 

      Parents tend not to correct their children's misbehaviors.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Modern Empiricists argue that the mind is a tabula rasa at birth.

    • B. 

      Modern Nativists think that the environment does not affect the development of language.

    • C. 

      Modern Empiricists argue that most of our knowledge is innate.

  • 12. 
    The fact that the compound student film series can have two different meanings is due to:
    • A. 

      The general principles of prescriptive grammar.

    • B. 

      The fact that the compound can have two different hierarchical structures.

    • C. 

      The fact that every compound has two meanings

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is commonly used to represent hierachical structure of language?
    • A. 

      Organization charts

    • B. 

      Spacing information

    • C. 

      Tree diagrams

  • 14. 
    The fact that children go through similar stages in language acquisition is evidence that:
    • A. 

      Parents correct their children's grammatical mistakes.

    • B. 

      A child's mind at birth is not a blank slate, and language is learned by trial and error.

    • C. 

      A child's mind at birth is not a blank slate, but comes equipped with certain linguistic principles.

  • 15. 
    Which fact supports the idea that language acquisition is uniform?
    • A. 

      A child ceases to babble and begins to use words.

    • B. 

      The highlanders in New Guinea are able to speak a language that is grammatically as complex as English.

    • C. 

      All normal children acquire their native language by the age of five.

  • 16. 
    What do English nominal compound illustrate?
    • A. 

      Recursivity

    • B. 

      Grammaticality

    • C. 

      Rules of prescriptive grammar

  • 17. 
    The question ___________ is know as Plato's problem?
    • A. 

      How is it possible that native speakers know so much about their language in conditions of sparse evidence?

    • B. 

      How is it possible that native speakers fail to follow prescriptive rules of their language given so much instruction?

    • C. 

      How is it possible that nominal compounds in English follow the Right Hand Head Rule?

  • 18. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    • A. 

      Linguistic performance is a perfect reflection of linguistic competence.

    • B. 

      Native speakers make grammatically judgments about the expressions of their language.

    • C. 

      Ambiguity is a result of a misapplication of linguistic competence.