Legal Mt

83 Questions

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Court Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    [Blank] college of optometry awarded the first OD degree
  • 3. 
    [Blank] became the last jurisdiction to enact an optometry law in 1924.
  • 4. 
  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Minnesota

    • B. 

      Pennsylvania

    • C. 

      Rhode Island

    • D. 

      Oklahoma

  • 6. 
    Original name of American Optometric Association
  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Minnesota

    • B. 

      Pennsylvania

    • C. 

      Rhode Island

    • D. 

      Oklahoma

  • 8. 
  • 9. 
    Medicare and Medicaid were enacted by congress in the same year
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    [Blank] rules that optometrists in the state may lawfully use the tonometer for the detection of glaucoma
  • 11. 
    Which court case ruled that US supreme court determines professionals may utilize truthful advertising ?
    • A. 

      Bates v. Arizona state

    • B. 

      Esposito v. Shapero

    • C. 

      Blue cross of Va v. Commonwealth of Va

    • D. 

      Rhode Island Ophthalmological society v. Cannon

    • E. 

      Martin v. Baldi

  • 12. 
    Which court case upheld the 1971 law that expressly authorized the use of pharm agents for diagnostic purposes?
    • A. 

      Bates v. Arizona state

    • B. 

      Esposito v. Shapero

    • C. 

      Blue cross of Va v. Commonwealth of Va

    • D. 

      Rhode Island Ophthalmological society v. Cannon

    • E. 

      Martin v. Baldi

  • 13. 
    Which court case was when the US supreme court determines professionals may utilize truthful advertising?
    • A. 

      Bates v. Arizona state

    • B. 

      Esposito v. Shapero

    • C. 

      Blue cross of Va v. Commonwealth of Va

    • D. 

      Rhode Island Ophthalmological society v. Cannon

    • E. 

      Martin v. Baldi

  • 14. 
    Which court case challenged and upheld the first optometry bill allowing the use of drugs for therapeutic purposes?
    • A. 

      Bates v. Arizona state

    • B. 

      Esposito v. Shapero

    • C. 

      Blue cross of Va v. Commonwealth of Va

    • D. 

      Rhode Island Ophthalmological society v. Cannon

    • E. 

      Martin v. Baldi

  • 15. 
    Which court case ruled that  optometry is a calling separate from medicine and cannot be regulated by the state board of medicine.
    • A. 

      Bates v. Arizona state

    • B. 

      Esposito v. Shapero

    • C. 

      Blue cross of Va v. Commonwealth of Va

    • D. 

      Rhode Island Ophthalmological society v. Cannon

    • E. 

      Martin v. Baldi

  • 16. 
    Which court case upheld the constitutionality of a state prepaid medical plan that requires payment to optometrists if the same services are paid for when rendered by physicians.
    • A. 

      Bates v. Arizona state

    • B. 

      Esposito v. Shapero

    • C. 

      Blue cross of Va v. Commonwealth of Va

    • D. 

      Rhode Island Ophthalmological society v. Cannon

    • E. 

      Martin v. Baldi

  • 17. 
  • 18. 
    The doctor-patient relationship is a legal relationship and is considered contractual in nature (written or implied).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
  • 20. 
    __________ is the watchfulness, attention, caution, and prudence that a reasonable healthcare provider in the circumstances would exercise 
    • A. 

      Standard of care

    • B. 

      Causation

    • C. 

      Harm or injury

    • D. 

      Duty of care

  • 21. 
    Failure to meet standard of care is [blank], and any damages resulting therefrom may be claimed in a lawsuit by the injured party.
  • 22. 
    Which of the following is true of standard of care? (3)
    • A. 

      It is a legal term

    • B. 

      Establishing it depends on expert testimony

    • C. 

      For an optometrist, is the same as that of physicians, dentists, and other members of the healing art

    • D. 

      Varies depending on your role in healthcare

    • E. 

      It is solely determined by the legal concept of "custom"

    • F. 

      It is a medical term

  • 23. 
    First reported case of optometric malpractice
    • A. 

      Hampton v. Brackin's Jewelry and Optical Co.

    • B. 

      Kahn v. Shaw

    • C. 

      Fairchild v. Brian

    • D. 

      T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp.

    • E. 

      Helling v. Carey

    • F. 

      Hall v. Hillbun

    • G. 

      Mccourt v. Abernathy

    • H. 

      Johnston v. St. Francis Medical center

  • 24. 
    Ophthalmologist allowed to testify against O.D. (2)
    • A. 

      Helling v. Carey

    • B. 

      Hall v. Hillbun

    • C. 

      Mccourt v. Abernathy

    • D. 

      Johnston v. St. Francis Medical center

    • E. 

      Hampton v. Brackin's Jewelry and Optical Co.

    • F. 

      Kahn v. Shaw

    • G. 

      Fairchild v. Brian

    • H. 

      T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp.

  • 25. 
    These cases revolved around the concepts of customary pratice vs. reasonable practice
    • A. 

      Helling v. Carey

    • B. 

      Hall v. Hillbun

    • C. 

      Mccourt v. Abernathy

    • D. 

      Johnston v. St. Francis Medical center

    • E. 

      Hampton v. Brackin's Jewelry and Optical Co.

    • F. 

      Kahn v. Shaw

    • G. 

      Fairchild v. Brian

    • H. 

      T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp.

  • 26. 
    This case set precedent that standard of care is ultimately up to the legal profession (courts, judges, jury), not the medical profession
    • A. 

      Helling v. Carey

    • B. 

      Hall v. Hillbun

    • C. 

      Mccourt v. Abernathy

    • D. 

      Johnston v. St. Francis Medical center

    • E. 

      Hampton v. Brackin's Jewelry and Optical Co.

    • F. 

      Kahn v. Shaw

    • G. 

      Fairchild v. Brian

    • H. 

      T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp.

  • 27. 
    Studies found that this case changed the practice of offering tonometry to all pts with subsequent increase in cost and no change in morbidity 
    • A. 

      Helling v. Carey

    • B. 

      Hall v. Hillbun

    • C. 

      Mccourt v. Abernathy

    • D. 

      Johnston v. St. Francis Medical center

    • E. 

      Hampton v. Brackin's Jewelry and Optical Co.

    • F. 

      Kahn v. Shaw

    • G. 

      Fairchild v. Brian

    • H. 

      T.J. Hooper v. Northern Barge Corp.

  • 28. 
    Most prevalent and important source of law
  • 29. 
    Most accessible branch of govt to optometry?
  • 30. 
    100 senators & 435 Representatives make up what branch of govt
  • 31. 
    [Blank] are the basic units that evaluate bills before they can be voted on to become laws
  • 32. 
    A [Blank] is a draft of proposed law that is submitted to a legislative body for approval
  • 33. 
    Federal and State legislatures are almost identical when creating laws
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Where can a bill be introduced
  • 35. 
    Similar or identical bills introduced simultaneously into both houses
  • 36. 
    How can congress override a veto?
  • 37. 
    If a bill is to be vetoed, it must be communicated to congress within 
  • 38. 
    If congress fails to sign/veto a bill what may happen
  • 39. 
    What is a pocket veto?
  • 40. 
    [Blank] is the only state with a unicameral legislative structure
  • 41. 
    Governors can veto bills in  every state except [Blank]
  • 42. 
    A vote of both chambers on a resolution that has the force of statute (for example, a declaration of war); must be presented to the president for his signature or veto
    • A. 

      Joint resolution

    • B. 

      Concurrent resolution

    • C. 

      Simple resolution

  • 43. 
    A matter affecting the operation of either chamber, House or Senate, that is not a law and thus does not require approval from the executive branch
    • A. 

      Joint resolution

    • B. 

      Concurrent resolution

    • C. 

      Simple resolution

  • 44. 
    An expression of the intent of the house and senate on an issue that does not have the effect of law (for example, a vote to censure a legislator); does not have to proceed to the president for his signature or veto
    • A. 

      Joint resolution

    • B. 

      Concurrent resolution

    • C. 

      Simple resolution

  • 45. 
    Two types of legal theories used to establish liability:
  • 46. 
    3 aspects of practice that have been sources of claims alleging negligence
  • 47. 
    What is the most common type of claim of negligence of dr failing to rx lens material of choice
  • 48. 
    Most cases of negligent lens selection are due to dr selection of glass
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 49. 
    If an optometrist recommends polycarb but pt disregards it & gets glass, this should be documented in the pt's record 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    What term should you use when explaining the diff bwn glass and polycarb
    • A. 

      Impact resistant

    • B. 

      Shatterproof

  • 51. 
    Which of the following materials is the most impact resistant?
    • A. 

      Polycarbonate

    • B. 

      Cr39

    • C. 

      Chem Glass

    • D. 

      Heated Glass

  • 52. 
    Put the following in order from most to least impact resistant:
    • A. 

      Polycarbonate > CR39 > Chem Glass > Heated Glass

    • B. 

      CR39 > polycarbonate > Chem Glass > Heated Glass

    • C. 

      Chem Glass > Heated Glass > CR39 > polycarbonate

    • D. 

      Polycarbonate > CR39 > Heated glass > Chem glass

    • E. 

      Chem glass > polycarbonate > CR39 > Heated glass

  • 53. 
    In what injury involving frames would there be NO liability or negligence?
    • A. 

      Idiosyncratic response to frame

    • B. 

      Improper safety frames

    • C. 

      Improper sports frame

    • D. 

      Selection of glass as lens material

  • 54. 
    When a pt requests safety glasses, they must receive both ____ & _________.
  • 55. 
    Even if you rx safety lenses, you can still be liable if you don't Rx safety frames as well
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
  • 57. 
    Which of the following constitutes the most likely source of claims of improper sports frames?
    • A. 

      Racquet sports like tennis

    • B. 

      Water sports like swimming

    • C. 

      Field sports like soccer

    • D. 

      Contact sports like football

  • 58. 
    Product liability is based on the concept of:
  • 59. 
    The most difficult aspect of the law from the viewpoint of the injured consumer:
  • 60. 
    What is ANSI
  • 61. 
    Type question here. Example: Practice makes you [Blank]
  • 62. 
    ANSI is previously known as
  • 63. 
    In 1956 the [blank] undertook to establish the first national standard for ophthalmic lenses
  • 64. 
  • 65. 
    What organization adopted impact resistance standards to which ophthalmic lenses were expected to perform 
  • 66. 
    The most important aspect  of Z80.1 is the requirement for impact-resistance which states that all lenses should be capable of withstanding the impact test
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 67. 
    Which of the following applies to the ANSI impact test
    • A. 

      Steel ball 5/8 inches in diameter

    • B. 

      Ball weighs greater than or equal to 15 grams

    • C. 

      Ball is dropped from 50 inches

    • D. 

      Steel ball 2/3 inches in diameter

    • E. 

      Ball weighs greater than or equal to 20 grams

    • F. 

      Ball is dropped from 1 m

  • 68. 
  • 69. 
  • 70. 
    Whether rx or non-rx eyeglasses are dispensed by an optometrist, they're still liable for impact standards
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 71. 
  • 72. 
    Regardless of the the power or type of lens material, industrial safety glasses must be a minimum of what thickness?
  • 73. 
    Minimum thickness of industrial safety glasses
  • 74. 
  • 75. 
    Merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are what type of warranties?
  • 76. 
  • 77. 
  • 78. 
  • 79. 
    There is a greater danger to the pt of overlooking retinal dz by failing to dilate then there is of inducing angle closure
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 80. 
    Cycloplegics can be toxic to children when administered in the inappropriate concentrations or with incorrect frequency 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 81. 
  • 82. 
    CI of Beta blockers for tx of gl
  • 83.