They were shocked and resigned to defeat.
They were shocked and feared defeat, but were determined to resist to the end.
They were shocked, but not unduly alarmed because of their wealth and naval superiority.
They surrendered to Syracuse.
A Corinthian festival delayed the departure of the Peloponnesian fleet.
The Spartans chose to send their fleet to the Hellespont first.
Alcibiades was allowed to command the fleet and he leaked word to Athens.
It wasn't possible to haul the warships over land across the Isthmus.
The Spartans won a naval battle.
The Athenians won a land battle.
The Ionians on both sides defeated the Dorians on the other.
The casualties were particularly high.
He advised him to switch sides and support Athens.
He advised him to cut the pay of the Spartan sailors.
He advised him to pull his forces back at an inopportune time.
He advised him to lay siege to Chios.