La: Frogs

37 Questions

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La: Frogs

Slide 39-End


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Xenopus laevis

    • B. 

      Xenophilius Lovegood

    • C. 

      Xanax laevax

    • D. 

      Dunno, don't care. How's that?

  • 2. 
    Select the types of research the Xenopus sp is used for. 
    • A. 

      Embryonic development

    • B. 

      Developmental biology

    • C. 

      Cell biology

    • D. 

      Toxicology

    • E. 

      Neuroscience

    • F. 

      Human disease genes

    • G. 

      Climate change

  • 3. 
    What's so special about Xenopus embryos?
    • A. 

      Large and easily handled

    • B. 

      Nothing, really....

    • C. 

      Accessible blood collection sites

    • D. 

      Similar to many other species

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      It affects the quality of the eggs, which are the primary target of research

    • B. 

      It's not any more important than other lab animal species

    • C. 

      Angry frogs will jump out their confinement at night....and hunt you down....

    • D. 

      It's the other way around! Frogs are much easier to care for.

  • 5. 
    Frogs are naturally _______ and ______.
    • A. 

      Aquatic, nocturnal

    • B. 

      Aquatic, diurnal

    • C. 

      Herbivorous, nocturnal

    • D. 

      Loud, slippery

  • 6. 
    Why are the eyes of frog positioned on the top of their heads?
    • A. 

      To look out for predators above the water's surface.

    • B. 

      They don't need to look down.

    • C. 

      Weren't their eyes on either side of their head?!

    • D. 

      Nature made them that way for shits and giggles.

  • 7. 
    The front limbs of a frog are used to _______. Their large and powerful back legs are for ____.
    • A. 

      Direct food to their mouths, propelling through water/digging in mud for food

    • B. 

      Direct them through water, jumping high distances

    • C. 

      Defend against predators, propelling through water

    • D. 

      Slap their mischievous tadpoles, back-kick predators attacking from behind

  • 8. 
    Where are the claws of a Xenopus sp located?
    • A. 

      Back toes

    • B. 

      Front toes

    • C. 

      Both back and front toes

    • D. 

      Oh they replace the teeth.

  • 9. 
    What do Xenopus frogs and zebrafish have in common?
    • A. 

      Lateral line

    • B. 

      Pneuomnia

    • C. 

      Scales

    • D. 

      They love water

  • 10. 
    The frog's skin is their only space for gas exchange.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Some Xenopus characteristics. 
    • A. Sliding pelvis
    • A.
    • B. Herbivores
    • B.
    • C. Carnivores
    • C.
    • D. Ectotherms
    • D.
    • E. Chromatophores
    • E.
    • F. Mucous layer
    • F.
    • G. Larger size
    • G.
  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Motionless most of the time, below water, arms outstretched, waiting for food to pass by

    • B. 

      Active, above water, hunting for food

    • C. 

      Motionless half the time, hunting the other half of the time

    • D. 

      They enjoy watching "Days of our lives" while eating paramecia

  • 13. 
    Recommended lighting for frogs. 
    • A. 

      12/14 hours light, 12/10 hours dark

    • B. 

      12/10 hours light, 12/14 hours dark

    • C. 

      10/14 hours light, 12/12 hours dark

    • D. 

      Who cares they're underwater !

  • 14. 
    Frogs need _______ to produce a balance in Vitamin D, calcium and ____.
    • A. 

      UV light, phosphorus

    • B. 

      UV light, magnesium

    • C. 

      Natural light, phosphorus

    • D. 

      Food supplements, Vitamin C

  • 15. 
    Frogs should have an area of refuge to avoid exposure to bright/intense lighting.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Select important husbandry guidelines. Frogs should be able to....
    • A. 

      Move and swim around

    • B. 

      Lie fully submerged well away from the surface of the water

    • C. 

      Avoid contact with other frogs if needed

    • D. 

      Be able to fully change direction without impediment

    • E. 

      Have room for enrichment

    • F. 

      Lie on a muskoka chair with a bottle of frog beer

  • 17. 
    Tank parameters. Water depth should ideally be greater than ____, with a volume of ____ per frog.
    • A. 

      8 inches, 4-5L

    • B. 

      10 inches, 4-5 L

    • C. 

      7 inches, 2-4 L

    • D. 

      8 inches, 6-7 L

  • 18. 
    Tank water quality. Temperature ideally at ______- and pH of around 6.5-8.5, ______.
    • A. 

      15-23 C, non-chlorinated

    • B. 

      10-25 C, non-chlorinated

    • C. 

      15-23 C, untreated

    • D. 

      Aren't cats a way better topic?

  • 19. 
    Tank systems. ________ = water may be changed up to 3 times/week/
    • A. 

      Standing systems

    • B. 

      Drip through systems

    • C. 

      Walking systems

    • D. 

      Self-cleaning, self-regulating, you don't need to do anything systems.

  • 20. 
    In _______, clean water is introduced and dirty water flows out slowly.
    • A. 

      Drip-through systems

    • B. 

      Standing systems

    • C. 

      WaterDrain 3000 systems

    • D. 

      No system ever

  • 21. 
    Cleaning routines should developed to cause minimal stress to the frogs
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    A ________ diet is recommended for frogs. Leave food for up to ____ to allow the frogs to feed.
    • A. 

      Commercial balanced, 2 hours

    • B. 

      Commercial balanced, 4 hours

    • C. 

      Fully carnivorous, 2 hours

    • D. 

      High carbohydrate, 24 hours

  • 23. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 24. 
    Monsieur and Madame clawed frogs are ready to mate. What does this involve?
    • A. 

      Pelvic amplexus

    • B. 

      Pelvic anaphylexus

    • C. 

      Anogenital distanexus

    • D. 

      Privacy. Stop staring. HEY!

  • 25. 
    When it comes to handling, keep it to a minimum. Using a ________ with wetted gloves will reduce the risk of harming their skin layer. 
    • A. 

      Soft-mesh non-abrasive net

    • B. 

      Plastic cup

    • C. 

      Soft-mesh non-abrasive cup

    • D. 

      Regular net

  • 26. 
    Technical procedures. *Faints*
    • A. SubQ
    • A.
    • B. IM
    • B.
    • C. IP
    • C.
    • D. IV
    • D.
    • E. Cardiac puncture
    • E.
    • F. Blood collection
    • F.
  • 27. 
    Select the indicators of pain and distress.
    • A. 

      Weight loss

    • B. 

      Frog stays on the surface of the water when approached

    • C. 

      Tremors of extremities

    • D. 

      Lethargy

    • E. 

      Change in appearance/size/skin discoloration/flaking

    • F. 

      Frog gets drunk and sings sad songs

  • 28. 
    _______ is a bacterial infection that presents with excessive mucus production, anorexia, response to stimuli and ______ in extremities. 
    • A. 

      Red leg, hemorrhage

    • B. 

      Blue leg, cyanosis

    • C. 

      White leg, Michael Jackson

    • D. 

      Black leg, necrosis

  • 29. 
    How do we treat black leg?
    • A. 

      Antibiotics in food and increase salt levels in tank water

    • B. 

      Antibiotic injections

    • C. 

      Topical antibiotics and reduce salt levels in tank water

    • D. 

      Amputation of the affected leg

  • 30. 
    Red leg has high mortality and morbidity. Select the bacteria that usually cause it.
    • A. 

      Aeromonas hydrophila

    • B. 

      Pseudomonas hydrophilus

    • C. 

      Proteus hydrophilus

    • D. 

      Marcus Aurelius hydrophilus

    • E. 

      E-coli

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Skin scrapings and cultures

    • B. 

      Fecal floats

    • C. 

      Tape test

    • D. 

      Gross observation

  • 32. 
    Typical signs of ______ are skin ulcers, nodules, black spots, and weight loss.
    • A. 

      Fungal infections

    • B. 

      VURIs

    • C. 

      UTIs

    • D. 

      Red leg

  • 33. 
    Fungal infections are treated with _____.
    • A. 

      Tank dip and antifungal agents

    • B. 

      Aggressive fluconazole treatment

    • C. 

      IV fluids

    • D. 

      Topical antibiotics

  • 34. 
    This condition presents with subcutaneous fluid accumulation that causes swelling of the body. It is caused by metabolic problems, usually kidney and liver function. What is it called?
    • A. 

      Dropsy or bloat

    • B. 

      Choke and bloat

    • C. 

      Dropsy daisey

    • D. 

      Fat Frog Syndrome

  • 35. 
    How do you treat bloat?
    • A. 

      Fluid removal by aspiration, increase salt in tank

    • B. 

      It's not treatable

    • C. 

      Diet modification

    • D. 

      Increase salt in tank

  • 36. 
    Both fish and frogs are euthanized in the same manner. How is it done?
    • A. 

      Immersion or injection of buffered Tricaine methane sulfonate (TMS or MS222)

    • B. 

      Immersion in buffered Euthansol

    • C. 

      Deep anesthesia followed by cervical dislocation

    • D. 

      Injection of buffered Euthansol

  • 37. 
    Where are frogs injected for euthanasia purposes?
    • A. 

      SubQ into lymph sac

    • B. 

      IM into thigh

    • C. 

      IP

    • D. 

      IV into jugular