Intro Chapter

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 68

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Intro Chapter

Question review for the AP Psychology exam


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Ivan Pavlov is famous for his research on
    • A. 

      Teaching machines

    • B. 

      Forward conditioning

    • C. 

      Backward conditioning

    • D. 

      Perceptual conditioning

    • E. 

      Classical conditioning

  • 2. 
    Which is the strongest type of correlation?
    • A. 

      -1.00

    • B. 

      0.00

    • C. 

      +.75

    • D. 

      -.45

    • E. 

      +.99

  • 3. 
    Compute the range of the following set of numbers, 5,692,415,17,63,200
    • A. 

      145

    • B. 

      687

    • C. 

      692

    • D. 

      220

    • E. 

      5

  • 4. 
    Extreme scores in a distribution most dramatically affect the
    • A. 

      T-score

    • B. 

      Mean

    • C. 

      Z-score

    • D. 

      Mode

    • E. 

      Median

  • 5. 
    A person needs to be cured of a phobia.  The chosen therapy for him involves learning principles where the goal is to eliminate the specific fear, rather than change their personality.  The therapeutic approach is that of a:
    • A. 

      Humanistic

    • B. 

      Behavioral

    • C. 

      Gestalt

    • D. 

      Logotherapist

    • E. 

      Psychoanalyst

  • 6. 
    The ethologist who spent several years studying the problem solving abilities of chimpanzees was
    • A. 

      Margaret Mead

    • B. 

      Joy Adamson

    • C. 

      Erik Erikson

    • D. 

      Wolfgang Kohler

    • E. 

      Aldous Huxley

  • 7. 
    Which of the following was not a psychoanalytic psychologist?
    • A. 

      Erik Erikson

    • B. 

      Karen Horney

    • C. 

      Noam Chomsky

    • D. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • E. 

      Carl Jung

  • 8. 
    In which type of study would you use to study the courtship rituals of penguins?
    • A. 

      Survey

    • B. 

      Experiment

    • C. 

      Naturalistic

    • D. 

      Longitudinal

    • E. 

      Cross sectional

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is larger?
    • A. 

      Control group

    • B. 

      Experimental group

    • C. 

      Sample

    • D. 

      Placebo group

    • E. 

      Population

  • 10. 
    Which type of psychologists assess abnormal behavior in order to diagnose and treat it?
    • A. 

      Counselor

    • B. 

      Clinical

    • C. 

      Biological

    • D. 

      Social

    • E. 

      Developmental

  • 11. 
    11.  Understanding the extent of which homosexuality is an inborn rather that a learned preference would be of most direct relevance to what perspective?
    • A. 

      Behavior genetics

    • B. 

      Psychoanalytic

    • C. 

      Socio-cultural

    • D. 

      Behavioral

    • E. 

      Cognitive

  • 12. 
    Several weeks after a political election, voters often exaggerate their ability to have predicted the election outcome. This best illustrates:
    • A. 

      The placebo effect

    • B. 

      Random assignment

    • C. 

      Illusory correlation

    • D. 

      The hindsight bias

    • E. 

      Overconfidence

  • 13. 
    A negative correlation between degree of wealth and likelihood of suffering from a psychological disorder would indicate that:
    • A. 

      Poverty makes people vulnerable to psychological disorders

    • B. 

      The poor are more likely to have a psychological disorder that the wealthy

    • C. 

      Psychological disorders usually prevent people from accumulating wealth

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

    • E. 

      None of the above are true

  • 14. 
    In an experimental study of the effects of anxiety on self esteem, anxiety would be the what variable?
    • A. 

      Dependent

    • B. 

      Experimental

    • C. 

      Control

    • D. 

      Placebo

    • E. 

      Independent

  • 15. 
    William Wundt used the research method known as what?
    • A. 

      Introspection

    • B. 

      Neuroscience

    • C. 

      Psychoanalysis

    • D. 

      Conditioning

    • E. 

      Unconditional regard

  • 16. 
    A positively skewed distribution is
    • A. 

      A distribution that has a few extremely high values

    • B. 

      A distribution that has a few extremely low values

    • C. 

      A flat distribution, with a wide dispersion of values

    • D. 

      A distribution that is very peaked and leptikurtic

    • E. 

      A distribution that is both flat and leptokurtic