Industrial Revolution Test 2018 2

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 71

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Industrial Revolution Test 2018 2

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Urbanization: _____________Immigration: movement to new country 
    • A. 

      Movement to cities

    • B. 

      Movement to farms

    • C. 

      Movement of peoples across Europe

    • D. 

      Movement to USA

  • 2. 
    Select the nation where the Industrial Revolution began.
    • A. 

      USA

    • B. 

      China

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      England

  • 3. 
    What is a cottage industry? 
    • A. 

      Improved working conditions for those who worked in factories

    • B. 

      Using large machines in a home setting rather than a factory

    • C. 

      Working and making goods at home rather than in large factories

    • D. 

      Making cottages in factories

  • 4. 
    Select the invention that does not belong with the First Industrial Revolution of England.
    • A. 

      Steam engine

    • B. 

      Spinning jenny

    • C. 

      Cotton gin

    • D. 

      Elevator

  • 5. 
    The Enclosure Movement had a negative effect on poor farmers. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Select the main problem that working people faced during the Industrial Revolution.
    • A. 

      Poor working conditions, long hours, dangerous & loud machinery

    • B. 

      Use of child labor

    • C. 

      Dirty neighborhoods- pollution, disease, trash in streets

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 7. 
    Which statement would best describe the working conditions that people encountered during the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Workers spent long hours in the factories, often fourteen hours a day, six days a week

    • B. 

      The work was repetitive and boring, people would fall asleep on the job

    • C. 

      Work was dangerous so they set up sick leave for those who were injured

    • D. 

      Children under the age of 15 were not allowed to work because the machines were dangerous and loud

  • 8. 
    Determine which of the following resources would not be a reason why England served as the center of the Industrial Revolution  
    • A. 

      Population

    • B. 

      Rivers

    • C. 

      Coal and iron

    • D. 

      Trees

  • 9. 
    The negative impact/effects of the Industrial Revolution could be best described as? 
    • A. 

      Pollution- water and air

    • B. 

      Growth of the middle class

    • C. 

      Child labor

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 10. 
    Life in the tenements could be best described as.... 
    • A. 

      Overcrowded with several people living in one room

    • B. 

      A new way of living in the city

    • C. 

      Homes that were designed for comfort and luxury

    • D. 

      Tenements were within walking distance to the textile mills

  • 11. 
    The invention of the cotton gin increased the need for cotton and slave labor.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    By the mid 1800's where did most people live in England? 
    • A. 

      Farms

    • B. 

      Along rivers

    • C. 

      Near the coast

    • D. 

      Cities

  • 13. 
    Adam Smith: The Wealth of NationsKarl Marx: _____________________
    • A. 

      Magna Carta

    • B. 

      Communist Manifesto

    • C. 

      Declaration of Rights of Man

    • D. 

      Common Sense

  • 14. 
    Market Economy:______________: ___________Command Economy: less freedom in economic choices : North Korea
    • A. 

      Limited choices with trade: China

    • B. 

      Freedom in economic choices: USA

    • C. 

      Norway: USA

    • D. 

      People are told what to purchase by government: Cuba

  • 15. 
    Capitalism was written about in which book  which was released in 1776?
    • A. 

      Adam Smith- The Wealth of Nations

    • B. 

      Karl Marx- Communist Manifesto

    • C. 

      Thomas Paine- Common Sense

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Determine which of the following would not be a statement or phrase associated with capitalism.
    • A. 

      Competition of corporations

    • B. 

      Supply and demand drives the cycle of the economy

    • C. 

      Government owned/controlled all of the banks and factories

    • D. 

      Privately owned business

  • 17. 
    Karl Marx described the history as he knew it as a time of ___________________?
    • A. 

      Class struggle- rich and poor

    • B. 

      Independence

    • C. 

      Power and profits

    • D. 

      War and conflict with other nations

  • 18. 
    Karl Marx was unhappy with the Industrial Revolution capitalists society and decided to create a new theory that created equality for working class.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The switch from handmade to machine made goods is best described as...
    • A. 

      Industrial Revolution

    • B. 

      Cottage Industries

    • C. 

      Imperialism

    • D. 

      Socialism

  • 20. 
    Communism is ___________?
    • A. 

      A theory

    • B. 

      Economic system

    • C. 

      Type of government system

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
     Dr. Robert Baker, reports on street conditions in England "In the manufacturing towns of England... additions have been made without regard to either the personal comfort of the inhabitants or the necessaries which congregation requires... neighbourhoods have arisen in which there is neither water nor out-office, not any conveniences for the absolute domestic wants of the occupiers... the streets present architecture of various orders, causeways, dangerous on account of steps, cellar windows without protection, here and there posts and rails, and everywhere clothes lines intersecting them, by which repeated accidents have been occasioned... many cases of broken legs by these unprotected cellars, and by horsemen dismounted by neglected clothes-lines hanging across the streets, were recorded."  In the above primary source, what would be the best title or heading about the Industrial Revolution?
    • A. 

      Machines of the Industrial Revolution

    • B. 

      Tenement Life of the Industrial Revolution

    • C. 

      The Enclosure Movement

    • D. 

      Karl Marx and Adam Smith led change during the Industrial Revolution

  • 22. 
    The immediate aim of the Communist is the same as that of all the other proletarian (working class) parties: formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat. . . . All property relations in the past have continually been subject to historical change consequent upon the change in historical conditions. . . . The distinguishing feature of Communism is not the abolition of property generally, but the abolition of bourgeois property. But modern bourgeois private property is the final and most complete expression of the system of producing and appropriating products, that is based on class antagonisms, on the exploitation of the many by the few. In this sense, the theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition  (get rid of )of private property. According to the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, what is one central theme of the communists?  
    • A. 

      Destruction of private property

    • B. 

      Ownership of property for all people

    • C. 

      Wealth determined by rebellion

    • D. 

      Free market society

  • 23. 
    The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith "Some of the best English writers upon commerce (trade) set out with observing, that the wealth of a country consists, not in its gold and silver only, but in its lands, houses, and consumable goods of all different kinds. In the course of their reasonings, however, the lands, houses, and consumable goods seem to slip out of their memory, and the strain of their argument frequently supposes that all wealth consists in gold and silver, and that to multiply those metals is the great object of national industry and commerce." According to Adam Smith, some people forget what in determining the wealth of a nation?
    • A. 

      Wealth should just be gold and silver

    • B. 

      Wealth should be only be in houses and gold

    • C. 

      Wealth should be gold, silver and houses, land, and other consumable goods (things you purchase)

    • D. 

      Wealth should be just what the national military acquires through power and money

  • 24. 
    In the system of socialism, people are allowed to own businesses and government can still have a very influencial role in how things are run. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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