Human Development Test - Ch 2 & 3

57 Questions | Total Attempts: 129

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Human Development Test - Ch 2 & 3

Human development


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
  • 2. 
    6 factors of resilence
  • 3. 
    3 parts of personality
  • 4. 
    Pre-conception
  • 5. 
    ID1.2.3.EGO1.2.3.SUPER EGO1.
  • 6. 
    DO'S & DON'TS OF A HEALTHY PREGNANCY
  • 7. 
    SIDS
  • 8. 
    The period of the zygote lasts about ________, beginning with __________.
    • A. 

      2 weeks; implantation

    • B. 

      3 months; implantation

    • C. 

      2 weeks; fertilization

    • D. 

      3 months; fertilization

  • 9. 
    The period of the fetus is primarily a time when
    • A. 

      Major organs first begin to function.

    • B. 

      Implantation in the uterus occurs.

    • C. 

      Basic structures are laid down.

    • D. 

      Growth and finishing take place.

  • 10. 
    By the end of the period of the embryo, the embryo does NOT
    • A. 

      Respond to touch

    • B. 

      Move strongly enough to be felt by the mother.

    • C. 

      Have a working circulatory system.

    • D. 

      Have arms, legs, fingers, and toes.

  • 11. 
    The period of the _____ is the time when serious defects from teratogens are most likely to occur because _________ this time.
    • A. 

      Zygote; implantation occurs during

    • B. 

      Fetus; the prenatal organism is developing most rapidly during

    • C. 

      Embryo; the foundations for all body parts are laid down during

    • D. 

      Fetus; birth takes place soon after

  • 12. 
    The likelihood of negative effects due to smoking during pregnancy
    • A. 

      Are reduced only if the mother stops before the period of the embryo.

    • B. 

      Are not reduced if the mother stops smoking, because the damage has likely already been done.

    • C. 

      Are reduced immediately if the mother decides to stop smoking.

    • D. 

      Are not reduced unless the mother stops before the placenta begins carrying food and oxygen to the prenatal organism.

  • 13. 
    Max weighed four pounds when he was born six weeks before his due date. Research shows that he is at increased risk of each of the following in adulthood EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Cancer

    • B. 

      Stroke

    • C. 

      Heart disease

    • D. 

      Diabetes

  • 14. 
    Prenatal malnutrition is related to each of the following outcomes EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Low intelligence and serious learning problems

    • B. 

      Physical defects, such as cleft palate and pyloric stenosis

    • C. 

      Central nervous system damage

    • D. 

      Pyloric stenosis

    • E. 

      Increased risk of hear disease and diabetes in adulthood

  • 15. 
    Infants of teenagers are born with a higher rate of problems because
    • A. 

      Many pregnant teenagers do not have access to medical care or are afraid to seek it

    • B. 

      A teenager's body is not physically strong enough to fully support pregnancy

    • C. 

      The uterus of a teenager is too small to maintain a pregnancy for the full 38 to 40 weeks

    • D. 

      The uterus of a teenager is not developed enough to maintain a pregnancy for the full 38 to 40 weeks

  • 16. 
    A serious illness of pregnancy in which the mother's blood pressure increases sharply and her face, hands, and feet swell is called
    • A. 

      Pyloric stenosis

    • B. 

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • C. 

      Rh blood incompatibility

    • D. 

      Toxemia/preclamsia

  • 17. 
    Which stage of labor is the longest?
    • A. 

      The first

    • B. 

      The second

    • C. 

      The third

    • D. 

      The fourth

  • 18. 
    High levels of stress hormones produced by the infants during childbirth
    • A. 

      Can lead to anoxia, or inadequate oxygen supply, during delivery

    • B. 

      Cause infants' heart rate and activity level to increase to dangerous high levels during childbirth

    • C. 

      Help infants withstand oxygen deprivation during contractions sending a rich supply of blood to the brain and heart

    • D. 

      Lead tot irritability and digestive disturbances in newborns

  • 19. 
    The Apgar Scale rates characteristics of a newborn, including the baby's
    • A. 

      Length and weight

    • B. 

      Vision, hearing, and sense of touch

    • C. 

      Heart rate, color, and muscle tone

    • D. 

      Reflexes, state changes, and responsiveness to physical and social stimull

  • 20. 
    How did childbirth customs change during the industrial revolution?
    • A. 

      Women began to use delivery mediation and instruments

    • B. 

      More women began to have natural, or prepared, childbrith

    • C. 

      More children were born at home than in hospitals

    • D. 

      Women's knowledge of child birth and family participation declined

  • 21. 
    In healthy pregnancies, fetal monitoring
    • A. 

      Does not reduce the rate of infant brain damage

    • B. 

      Reduces the likelihood of cesarean delivery

    • C. 

      Reduces the rate of infant death

    • D. 

      Is necessary to detect hidden problems with the baby

  • 22. 
    Cesarean delivery
    • A. 

      Must be used if a mother has had a previous cesarean birth

    • B. 

      Has become less common with invention of fetal monitoring

    • C. 

      Has become increasingly common in the United States, accounting for over one-fifth of all births

    • D. 

      Is much less likely to be used in the United States than in other countries

  • 23. 
    Both Marissa and Ashley weighed 4 pounds at birth. Marissa was two weeks before her due date, and Ashley was born two months before her due date. Which of the following would you predict about Marissa and Ashley?
    • A. 

      Ashley and Marissa are equally likely to die, catch infections, and show evidence of brain damage during the first year

    • B. 

      Ashley is more likely than Marissa to die, catch infections, and show evidence of brain damage during the first year

    • C. 

      There is no research evidence that either Ashley or Marissa is more likely to experience serious problems compared to full-term normal-both-weight babies

    • D. 

      Marissa is more likely than Marissa to die, catch infections, and show evidence of brain damage during the first year

  • 24. 
    Research into the kinds of care given to preterm infants indicates that
    • A. 

      They are not likely to catch up to full-term infants during development in childhood

    • B. 

      Their appearance and behavior affect the kind of care-giving they receive from parents

    • C. 

      Compared with full-term infants, parents are more likely to cuddle and talk gently to preterm infants

    • D. 

      Physically stimulating these fragile babies could be harmful

  • 25. 
    Each of the following has been used successfully in countries that outrank the United States in infant survival EXCEPT
    • A. 

      National paid maternity leave

    • B. 

      Specially trained maternity helpers

    • C. 

      Federally funded child care

    • D. 

      Government-funded prenatal care

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