Hpmt 356- Intro To Microbiology

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 68

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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz based on PPP slides from Introduction to Microbiology Lecture #1 - Establishment of Infectious Disease, Bacterial growth and genetics/ Immunology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is an infectious disease?
    • A. 

      When a pathogen overcomes a host

    • B. 

      Disease caused by entrance of a bacteria

    • C. 

      Disease caused by growth of bacteria

    • D. 

      Disease caused by multiplication of microorganisms

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 2. 
    Which of the following happens in the last stage of infectious disease?
    • A. 

      The pathogen encounters the host

    • B. 

      The agent spreads and multiplies

    • C. 

      The agent enters the host

    • D. 

      The agent or host wins out or they learn to coexist

    • E. 

      Tissue is damaged

  • 3. 
    Pathogens always spread before they multiply
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    What is the correct order of the events of infectious disease
    • A. 

      Encounter, entry, spread,damage, multiplication, outcome

    • B. 

      Encounter, multiplication, entry, spread, outcome, damage

    • C. 

      Entry, encounter, damage, spread, multiplication, outcome

    • D. 

      Entry,spread, multiplication, encounter, damage, outcome

    • E. 

      Encounter, entry, spread,multiplication, damage, outcome

  • 5. 
    The damage phase of infectious disease is a result of
    • A. 

      Immune response / host response only

    • B. 

      Pathogen only

    • C. 

      Host response and pathogen

    • D. 

      Medication

    • E. 

      None

  • 6. 
    An infectious disease requires a breach in host defense, this means that
    • A. 

      The immune system is not working

    • B. 

      A pathogen has overcome the first line of defense

    • C. 

      A pathogen has overcome both lines of defense

    • D. 

      A pathogen is combating the second line of defense

  • 7. 
    The first encounter with infectious disease/pathogens is always during birth
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Which of the following protects us from infectious disease after birth?
    • A. 

      Placenta

    • B. 

      Mother's sterile blood

    • C. 

      Fetal membranes

    • D. 

      Colostrum

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    Infectious disease from an organ donation is what type of encounter and entry?
    • A. 

      Exogenous, penetration

    • B. 

      Endogenous, penetration

    • C. 

      Exogenous, ingression

    • D. 

      Endogenous, inoculum size

    • E. 

      Exogenous, inoculum size

  • 10. 
    Infection from a ruptured appendix would include what kind of encounter and entry?
    • A. 

      Exogenous, ingress

    • B. 

      Endogenous, penetration

    • C. 

      Exogenous, penetration

    • D. 

      Endogenous, ingress

    • E. 

      Exogenous, inoculum size

  • 11. 
    If normal floral leave their normal site and spread to surrounding or deep tissue resulting in infection, what kind of encounter would this be?
  • 12. 
    One of your patients was sent to do a Culture and Sensitivity test as a preemptive measure after returning from a remote country. The lab reports and Physical Examination showed the following results-An abnormal presence of an unkown bacteria or microorganism -Microorganism has never been seen before-No tissue damage or invasion-The microorganism is rapidly multiplying Which term best describes your findings?
    • A. 

      Inoculum size

    • B. 

      Normal flora

    • C. 

      Infectious disease

    • D. 

      Colonization

    • E. 

      Pathogen

  • 13. 
    What seperates a colonization from an Infectious disease
    • A. 

      Colonization features tissue invasion

    • B. 

      Infectious dieasease feature overgrowth of a pathogen

    • C. 

      Colonization is the presence of bacteria

    • D. 

      Infectious disease is never caused by normal flora

    • E. 

      Infectious disease features invasion and damage of tissue

  • 14. 
    Which is not a characteristic of normal flora?
    • A. 

      Provides immunity and protection from disease

    • B. 

      Found on the in or on the body of 95% of healthy people

    • C. 

      Varies with location

    • D. 

      Is the same for every person

    • E. 

      Can become pathogenic and cause disease

  • 15. 
    Which is not an example of infection cause by the ingress method of entry?
    • A. 

      Urinary Tract Infection

    • B. 

      Whooping Cough

    • C. 

      Upper respiratory Tract Infection

    • D. 

      Insect bite

    • E. 

      Cholera

  • 16. 
    An infectious agent crossing the epithelium is what kind of entry?
    • A. 

      Inoculum size

    • B. 

      Penetration

    • C. 

      Ingress

    • D. 

      Lateral propagation

    • E. 

      Dissemination

  • 17. 
    An infectious agent being carried by a dust cell (macrophage) is best described as what kind of entry?
    • A. 

      Ingress

    • B. 

      Penetration

    • C. 

      Cell-mediated

  • 18. 
    Which term does not belong
    • A. 

      Penetration

    • B. 

      Insect bite

    • C. 

      Cut/ wound

    • D. 

      Worms

    • E. 

      Dust particles

  • 19. 
    Organism moves from site of entry to surrounding tissue
  • 20. 
    Organism moves to distant sites and deep tissues
  • 21. 
    Which does not aid in the spread of disease within the body
    • A. 

      Body fluids

    • B. 

      Bacteria's ability to move/ motility

    • C. 

      Immune response/ host defenses

    • D. 

      Inflammation

    • E. 

      Ruptured abscess

  • 22. 
    What can micro organisms do to survive host defenses?
    • A. 

      Make protective coating that blocks phagocytosis

    • B. 

      Modify surface antigens to prevent recognition

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    Chornic Disease during the damage phase of infection, is caused by?
    • A. 

      Virus

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Allergy

    • D. 

      Host reponse

  • 24. 
    All of the following describes endotoxin except
    • A. 

      Found on gram positive bacteria

    • B. 

      Extracellular toxin on cell surface

    • C. 

      Small amounts cause fever

    • D. 

      Mobilizes host defenses

    • E. 

      Causes shock and DIC

  • 25. 
    Which of the following does not describe innate immunity?
    • A. 

      Includes normal flora

    • B. 

      No prior exposure needed

    • C. 

      Specific

    • D. 

      First line of defense/ natural response to foreign agents

    • E. 

      Includes earwax

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