How Well Do You Know Salem's Revolutionary War History?

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 78
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 78

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Revolutionary War Quizzes & Trivia

In the spirit of Patriot's Day, test your knowledge of Salem's role in the early days of the American Revolution.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When the British sent troops to Salem on February 27, 1775 to seize cannons stored nearby, where did their ships land?

    • A. 

      The Old North River

    • B. 

      Marblehead

    • C. 

      Winter Island

    • D. 

      Collins Cove

    Correct Answer
    B. Marblehead
    Explanation
    The British ships landed in Marblehead when they sent troops to Salem on February 27, 1775 to seize cannons stored nearby.

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  • 2. 

    Leslie's Retreat involved which prominent British officer?

    • A. 

      General Leslie Nielson

    • B. 

      Colonel Alexander Leslie

    • C. 

      Lieutenant Samuel Leslie

    • D. 

      General Richard Leslie

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonel Alexander Leslie
    Explanation
    Colonel Alexander Leslie was involved in Leslie's Retreat.

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  • 3. 

    What exactly was Leslie's Retreat?

    • A. 

      A strategic action undertaken during a blistering cavalry charge

    • B. 

      A move that was forced after the British became pinned down by Patriot artillery on Highland Avenue

    • C. 

      A summer resting spot near the present-day Salem Willows for British officers

    • D. 

      A face-saving deal that allowed the British to briefly cross over the Salem drawbridge and then return to Boston.

    Correct Answer
    D. A face-saving deal that allowed the British to briefly cross over the Salem drawbridge and then return to Boston.
    Explanation
    Leslie's Retreat refers to a face-saving deal that allowed the British to briefly cross over the Salem drawbridge and then return to Boston. This suggests that the British were in a difficult situation and needed a way to retreat without losing face or appearing weak. By negotiating this deal, they were able to save their reputation while still achieving their objective of returning to Boston.

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  • 4. 

    Who was the local minister who arranged the agreement that allowed the Leslie's Retreat incident to go forward without any shots fired?

    • A. 

      Thomas Bernard

    • B. 

      Increase Mather

    • C. 

      Samuel Parish

    • D. 

      William Brewster

    Correct Answer
    A. Thomas Bernard
    Explanation
    Thomas Bernard is the correct answer because he was the local minister who arranged the agreement that allowed the Leslie's Retreat incident to go forward without any shots fired.

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  • 5. 

    What was one of Salem's most noteworthy contributions to the Revolutionary War effort?

    • A. 

      As a hotbed of naval privateers

    • B. 

      The artillery training ground on Highland Avenue

    • C. 

      The center of Washington's spy network

    • D. 

      The Marine base on Winter Island

    Correct Answer
    A. As a hotbed of naval privateers
    Explanation
    Salem's most noteworthy contribution to the Revolutionary War effort was serving as a hotbed of naval privateers. Privateers were privately owned ships that were authorized by the government to attack and capture enemy ships during the war. Salem, with its strong maritime tradition and skilled sailors, became a hub for privateering activities. These privateers played a crucial role in disrupting British supply lines and capturing enemy ships, thereby weakening the British navy and supporting the American cause in the war.

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  • 6. 

    Local Patriots met regularly at the site of what present-day Salem business?

    • A. 

      Red's Sandwich Shop

    • B. 

      Front Street Coffeehouse

    • C. 

      Steve's Market

    • D. 

      Bill and Bob's

    Correct Answer
    A. Red's Sandwich Shop
    Explanation
    Local Patriots met regularly at Red's Sandwich Shop, which is located in present-day Salem. This implies that Red's Sandwich Shop was a popular meeting place for these Patriots.

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  • 7. 

    An African-American soldier who crossed the Delaware with Washington is also credited with fighting off a couple of robbers while carrying a large amount of money from Salem to Portsmouth. After the war he became a free man. Who was this man?

    • A. 

      Prince Whipple

    • B. 

      Amos Hutchins

    • C. 

      Crispus Attucks

    • D. 

      Henry Wilson

    Correct Answer
    A. Prince Whipple
    Explanation
    Prince Whipple was an African-American soldier who fought alongside George Washington during the crossing of the Delaware. He is also known for his bravery in defending himself against robbers while transporting a significant sum of money from Salem to Portsmouth. After the war, he gained his freedom. Therefore, Prince Whipple is the correct answer to this question.

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  • 8. 

    Salem's Colonel Timothy Pickering was:

    • A. 

      Accused of war crimes against the British

    • B. 

      Thought to harbor some loyalist tendencies

    • C. 

      Vice President under James Monroe

    • D. 

      The builder of Pickering Wharf

    Correct Answer
    B. Thought to harbor some loyalist tendencies
    Explanation
    Colonel Timothy Pickering was thought to harbor some loyalist tendencies. This suggests that there were suspicions or beliefs that Pickering had sympathies towards the British during the time of the Salem trials. It implies that he may have been seen as not fully supporting the American cause during the Revolutionary War. This could have been a cause for concern or mistrust among his contemporaries, as loyalty to the American cause was of utmost importance during that time.

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  • 9. 

    Away from Salem, Colonel Pickering is remembered by historians for:

    • A. 

      Killing a prominent loyalist in a duel

    • B. 

      Building the "Great Chain" that blocked British Naval access up the Hudson River

    • C. 

      Transporting the seized cannon from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston Harbor

    • D. 

      Securing a treaty of military cooperation with the M'ikmaq Indian Nation

    Correct Answer
    B. Building the "Great Chain" that blocked British Naval access up the Hudson River
    Explanation
    Colonel Pickering is remembered by historians for building the "Great Chain" that blocked British Naval access up the Hudson River. This achievement was significant because it hindered the British Navy's ability to navigate the river and gain access to important strategic locations during the American Revolutionary War. The Great Chain was a massive iron chain that was stretched across the Hudson River, preventing British ships from passing through. This action played a crucial role in the American victory by limiting British military movements and providing an advantage to the American forces.

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  • 10. 

    Later in life, Timothy Pickering:

    • A. 

      Supported the secession of New England from the U.S.

    • B. 

      Served in Congress, the U.S. Senate and Secretary of State as a Federalist politician

    • C. 

      Was a farmer at his home on Broad Street

    • D. 

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." This means that Timothy Pickering supported the secession of New England from the U.S., served in Congress, the U.S. Senate, and as Secretary of State as a Federalist politician, and was also a farmer at his home on Broad Street.

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