Hoa Unit 1 Quizzes: Intro, Historiography And Colonialism

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 44

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Colonialism Quizzes & Trivia

Reading Quizzes A-E for the 2011-2012 IB History of the Americas course at Thomas A Edison.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    "A Brief account of the Destruction of the Indies" was:
    • A. 

      A study conducted in 1882 that revealed the dramatic ecological loss that colonialism brought to the Caribbean.

    • B. 

      Written by William of Orange to support his anti-Catholicism campaign in Holland.

    • C. 

      A pamphlet written by De Las Casas that explained Spanish treatment of the Indians in graphic detail.

    • D. 

      A book written by Pizarro recounting his successes in Peru.

  • 2. 
    The Spanish colonial encomienda system:
    • A. 

      Was worse than British American slavery.

    • B. 

      Was meant to Christianize the Natives.

    • C. 

      Protected the natives from abuse by Conquistadors.

    • D. 

      Was established after the world-wide translation of the "Brief account of the Destruction of the Indies"

  • 3. 
    To influence colonial societal structure, Spain:
    • A. 

      Encouraged all Spanish citizens to immigrate to the Americas.

    • B. 

      Recreated many aspects of Spanish society in the Americas.

    • C. 

      Sent many "wife-ships" to encourage white-white marriage.

    • D. 

      Allowed Peninsular woman to work as shopkeepers and farmers.

  • 4. 
    In Spanish colonial societies, mestizos:
    • A. 

      Came to make up the largest segment of the population.

    • B. 

      Were officially illegal but generally tolerated.

    • C. 

      Were considered to be at the top of the social hierarchy.

    • D. 

      Were usually sold into slavery.

  • 5. 
    Which statement about Spanish settlements in the New World is false?
    • A. 

      Spanish gold and silver mines were enormously productive.

    • B. 

      Spanish colonies would form one of the largest empires in the history of the world.

    • C. 

      The catholic Church was interested in spreading Christianity to Mexico.

    • D. 

      The first Spanish settlers were mostly interested in farming.

  • 6. 
    Choose the answers that correspond to the Aztec Empire only. All other answer choices correspond to the Inca Empire. 
    • A. 

      Tenochtitlan

    • B. 

      Vast road system.

    • C. 

      Conquered in part because it was going through a civil war.

    • D. 

      Conquered states were allowed to maintain a perpetual state of war with the capitol.

  • 7. 
    The marraige of Spain's two most powerful regional rulers, ___________________ had produced the strongest and most ambitious monarchy in Europe.
  • 8. 
    "A Spanish government official in Cuba who for fourteen years achieved little success, in 1518 he led a small army of about 600 men into Mexico where he brutality earned him a lasting reputaion." This statement describes:
    • A. 

      Francisco Pizarro

    • B. 

      Ferdinand Magellan

    • C. 

      Hernando Cortes

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    In the three centuries after first contact, how much gold and silver did the mines of Spanish America produce?
    • A. 

      Six times that in circulation at the time.

    • B. 

      Ten times as much as the rest of the world put together.

    • C. 

      Twice that mined by Mansa Musa in the ancient kingdom of Mali

    • D. 

      Less than those of the British colonial empire.

  • 10. 
    As important as exploration for gold was the establishment of Spanish _________________, often placed alongside, presidios for production 
  • 11. 
    According to Spanish soldier Pedro Cieza de Leon, did the fact that the Aztecs and Incas were the most advanced cultures in the Western Hemisphere in the 16th century, make them easier or harder for the Spaniards to conquer?
    • A. 

      Easier, because the Spaniards were able to negotiate with their leaders and get them to submit as a group.

    • B. 

      Easier, because they were attached to the region and unlikely to flee the Spaniards took control.

    • C. 

      Harder, because although their technology was not as advanced as the Europeans' it was still above stone age level.

    • D. 

      Harder, because these empires had large populations and could better withstand military casualties.

  • 12. 
    The Tlaxcalans:
    • A. 

      Hated the Aztecs so much the helped the Spanish.

    • B. 

      Were nomadic Indians who were never conquered by the Spanish.

    • C. 

      Were the first native group to come in contact with Columbus on their island of Hispaniola, modern day Cuba

    • D. 

      Were the Peruvian brothers who fought for the Inca crown.

  • 13. 
    The decline of the native population in the Americas - as much as 95% in some areas - can be compared to the devastation of the _________ in Europe:
    • A. 

      Inquisition

    • B. 

      English Reformation

    • C. 

      Crusades

    • D. 

      Black Plague

    • E. 

      Potato Famine

  • 14. 
    In Spanish colonial America (as opposed to in Spain) the main unit of organization:
    • A. 

      Audiencias

    • B. 

      Presidio

    • C. 

      Archbishop

    • D. 

      Viceroyalty

    • E. 

      Council of the Indies

  • 15. 
    In response to the royal decree the response to obedezco pero no cumplo (I obey but do not do) was used local officers to assert their _____________
  • 16. 
    Accoriding to Skidmore, in contrats to the highly polarized biracial society in North America, Latin America produced a largely __________ society
  • 17. 
    Accoriding to Skidmore, an important social rivalry existed in New Spain between which two social groups?
    • A. 

      Peninsulares-Creoles

    • B. 

      Peninsulares-Mestizos

    • C. 

      Clergy-Mestizos

    • D. 

      Creoles-Clergy

  • 18. 
    One of the largest differences in the New World settlement experiences between the Spanish and the Portuguese was:
    • A. 

      Discovery of sugar cane plantations in the Brazilian interior by the Portuguese

    • B. 

      The lack of Indian civilizations encountered by the Portuguese.

    • C. 

      The use of title and nobility among the Portuguese conquistadors.

    • D. 

      The methods used for electing town officials.

  • 19. 
    Unlike Spain, Portugal focused its New World economic efforts on:
    • A. 

      Taxing exports.

    • B. 

      Mining gold and silver from the mines at Minas Gerais

    • C. 

      Trading with the indigenous people to bolster local economies.

    • D. 

      Receiving tribute from the nobles.

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