Can You Pass This U.S. History Quiz?

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History Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Lincoln’s main aim during the war was:
    • A. 

      To free the slaves

    • B. 

      To preserve the Union

    • C. 

      To prevent slavery from expanding into the West

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    This slave state did NOT join the Confederacy at the start of the war:
    • A. 

      Virgina

    • B. 

      Tennessee

    • C. 

      Arkansas

    • D. 

      Kentucky

  • 3. 
    Which of the following was indicative of initial Union policy toward escaped Confederate slaves?
    • A. 

      They were returned to their owners.

    • B. 

      Their owners were permitted to cross Union lines to recover them

    • C. 

      They were put to work on fortifications if their owners favored secession

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    General Benjamin Bulter
    • A. 

      Declared runaways slaves “Contraband”—enemy property—and refused to return them to their masters.

    • B. 

      Followed Lincoln’s policy of returning runaway slaves

    • C. 

      Agreed with the President’s policy toward blacks

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 5. 
    The First Confiscation Act stipulated that
    • A. 

      Any property belonging to Confederates used in the war effort could be seized by federal forces

    • B. 

      Slaves used by their masters to benefit the Confederacy would be freed

    • C. 

      Both a and b.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Lincoln’s initial position
    • A. 

      Was not to alienate the border slave states

    • B. 

      Called for compensated emancipation of the slaves

    • C. 

      Supported colonization of freed blacks in Haiti, South America, or Africa

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    What event caused Lincoln to consider abolishing slavery?
    • A. 

      The rejection of his “compensated emancipation” plan by the border slave states.

    • B. 

      The attack on Fort Sumter

    • C. 

      A major Union military victory

    • D. 

      The election of Jefferson Davis as president of the Confederacy

  • 8. 
    Which black leader made this statement to President Lincoln: “This is our country as much as it’s yours, and we will not leave it.”
    • A. 

      Martin Delany

    • B. 

      James Forten

    • C. 

      Fredrick Douglass

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    The Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation was issued after which Union victory?
    • A. 

      Gettysburg

    • B. 

      Antietam

    • C. 

      Bull Run

    • D. 

      Fredricksburg

  • 10. 
    Which of the following did NOT occur as a result of the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation?
    • A. 

      The freeing of the slaves.

    • B. 

      The loss of numerous seats in the House of Representatives

    • C. 

      Anti-Black riots at the hands of disgruntled Irish workers

    • D. 

      Both a and c

  • 11. 
    Which of the following occurred as a direct result of the Emancipation Proclamation?
    • A. 

      Britain and France became hesitant to offer diplomatic recognition of the Confederacy.

    • B. 

      Slavery was undermined in the South

    • C. 

      More slaves ran away and slave revolts became more likely

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    This Union officer formed the First South Carolina Volunteers:
    • A. 

      David Hunter

    • B. 

      Benjamin Butler

    • C. 

      Robert Gould Shaw

    • D. 

      Rufus Saxton

  • 13. 
    Which congressional order enabled blacks to enlist in the Union Army?
    • A. 

      First Confiscation Act

    • B. 

      Second Confiscation Act

    • C. 

      Emancipation Proclamation

    • D. 

      General Order 11

  • 14. 
    This group of prominent black individuals became known as The Black Committee
    • A. 

      Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth and Elizabeth Keckley

    • B. 

      Ellen Craft, Dred Scott, and John Brown

    • C. 

      William Ellison, John Wilson Bukner and Henry Clay Lightfoot

    • D. 

      Frederick Douglass, Martin Delany, Charles Remond and Henry Highland Garnet

  • 15. 
    Which of the following was NOT true of black men in combat?
    • A. 

      They were generally believed by white northerners to be effective soldiers

    • B. 

      They suffered disproportionately more casualties than whites

    • C. 

      They were usually commanded by white officers.

    • D. 

      They were sometimes kept out of combat by Union officers

  • 16. 
    This Sergeant in the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was the first African American to be awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor
    • A. 

      Lewis Douglass

    • B. 

      William H. Carney

    • C. 

      Charles Crowley

    • D. 

      Robert Gould Shaw

  • 17. 
    The Civil War’s worst atrocity against black troops occurred at
    • A. 

      Battery Wagner

    • B. 

      Milliken’s Bend

    • C. 

      Fort Pillow

    • D. 

      The Crater

  • 18. 
    Approximately what percentage of sailors in the Union Navy were black
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      15%

    • D. 

      10%

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the relationship between blacks and the Confederacy?
    • A. 

      No free blacks fought for the Confederacy

    • B. 

      Many blacks were “impressed”---that is forcibly compelled to contribute their slave labor to the Confederate war effort

    • C. 

      Many free blacks were enslaved

    • D. 

      Some served as personal servants for well-to-do soldiers.

  • 20. 
    This general was the first to publicly recommend that blacks be allowed to enlist in the Confederate Army
    • A. 

      Stonewell Jackson

    • B. 

      John Wilson Buckner

    • C. 

      Robert E. Lee

    • D. 

      Patrick Cleburne

  • 21. 
    Which of the following did NOT occur in 1861
    • A. 

      Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln

    • B. 

      First Confiscation Act

    • C. 

      South Carolina secedes from the Union

    • D. 

      The Confederate States of America is formed

  • 22. 
    Which of the following is TRUE about Robert E. Lee
    • A. 

      He freed over 200 of his family’s slaves

    • B. 

      He favored emancipation and enrollment of black troops

    • C. 

      He felt that blacks’ slavery experience would make them good soldiers

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    In what year was the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation announced?
    • A. 

      1862

    • B. 

      1863

    • C. 

      1861

    • D. 

      1860

  • 24. 
    Which occurred earliest
    • A. 

      Fort Pillow Massacre

    • B. 

      Emancipation Proclamation

    • C. 

      Antietam

    • D. 

      New York City Draft Riots

  • 25. 
    The thirteenth Amendment was ratified in
    • A. 

      1863

    • B. 

      1864

    • C. 

      1865

    • D. 

      1866

  • 26. 
    Most white Northerners detested the idea of slavery spreading to western territories because:
    • A. 

      It limited their own opportunities to settle the territories

    • B. 

      They were opposed to slavery as a labor system

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 27. 
     The Wilmot Proviso of 1846 stipulated that
    • A. 

      Slavery would be allowed in all territory acquired from Mexico

    • B. 

      Slavery would be prohibited in all territory acquired from Mexico

    • C. 

      Slave owners could cross state lines to retrieve escaped slaves

    • D. 

      Slave owners could not cross state lines to retrieve.

  • 28. 
    The Free Soil candidate in the presidential election of 1848 was
    • A. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • B. 

      Lewis Cass

    • C. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • D. 

      Frederick Douglass

  • 29. 
    Which president ultimately accepted Henry Clay’s Compromise of 1850?
    • A. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • B. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • C. 

      Stephen Douglas

    • D. 

      Millard Fillmore

  • 30. 
    Which state entered the Union in 1850 under the auspices of the Compromise of 1850?
    • A. 

      California

    • B. 

      New Mexico

    • C. 

      Utah

    • D. 

      Oregon

  • 31. 
    The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 stipulated that
    • A. 

      U.S citizens were required to help seize runaway slaves

    • B. 

      Those who refused to help apprehend fugitive slaves could be fined or imprisoned

    • C. 

      Both a and b.

    • D. 

      None of the above.

  • 32. 
    Which of the following did NOT occur as a result of the Battle at Christiana?
    • A. 

      The Federal Government attempted to prosecute those who violated the fugitive slave law

    • B. 

      Millard Fillmore sent U.S Marines to help round up the perpetrators

    • C. 

      Five of the accused were convicted and sent to prison

    • D. 

      The first case ended in acquittal and the remaining cases were subsequently dropped.

  • 33. 
    Which president sent armed U.S troops to Boston in order to return escaped slave Anthony Burns to Virginia?
    • A. 

      Millard Fillmore

    • B. 

      Zachary Taylor

    • C. 

      Martin Van Buren

    • D. 

      Franklin Pierce

  • 34. 
    The plight of this slave was the basis of Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved
    • A. 

      Margaret Garner

    • B. 

      Ellen Craft

    • C. 

      Shadrach

    • D. 

      Anthony Burns

  • 35. 
    A majority of the Know-Nothing party was located in
    • A. 

      Upper South

    • B. 

      Old Northwest

    • C. 

      New England

    • D. 

      Chesapeake

  • 36. 
    Popular sovereignty” was the basis of this bill
    • A. 

      Compromise of 1850

    • B. 

      Kansas-Nebraska Act

    • C. 

      Wilmot Proviso

    • D. 

      Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

  • 37. 
    This state was allowed to decide for itself whether or not it would allow slavery
    • A. 

      Nebraska

    • B. 

      Missouri

    • C. 

      Kansas

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 38. 
    The ruling of the Supreme Court in Dred Scott v. Sanford stated that
    • A. 

      Black people had no rights

    • B. 

      A slave owner’s property rights took precedence over a slave’s right

    • C. 

      Measures passed by congress to limit the expansion of slavery violated the Fifth Amendment

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    Which of the following states repealed laws excluding black immigration in 1849?
    • A. 

      Ohio

    • B. 

      Michigan

    • C. 

      Illinois

    • D. 

      Iowa

  • 40. 
    Which of the following was NOT part of Lincoln’s political position during his debates with Stephen Douglas in 1848
    • A. 

      Opposition to slavery

    • B. 

      Racial equality

    • C. 

      The rights of blacks to be paid for their labor.

    • D. 

      Social segregation due to physical differences.

  • 41. 
    How many slaves were freed in John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry?
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      0

  • 42. 
    Which of the following was NOT a candidate in the Election of 1860
    • A. 

      James Buchanan

    • B. 

      Stephen Douglas

    • C. 

      John C. Breckinridge

    • D. 

      Abraham Lincoln

  • 43. 
    The first state to secede from the Union was
    • A. 

      Mississippi

    • B. 

      South Carolina

    • C. 

      Georgia

    • D. 

      Alabama

  • 44. 
    Which of the following states seceded BEFORE the fall of Fort Sumter?
    • A. 

      Arkansas

    • B. 

      Tennessee

    • C. 

      Kentucky

    • D. 

      Florida

  • 45. 
    Which of the following states did NOT seced
    • A. 

      Virginia

    • B. 

      Kentucky

    • C. 

      Texas

    • D. 

      Louisiana

  • 46. 
    The Wilmot Proviso was proposed in
    • A. 

      1820

    • B. 

      1846

    • C. 

      1850

    • D. 

      1852

  • 47. 
    The Fugitive Slave Act was passed by Congress in:
    • A. 

      1846

    • B. 

      1848

    • C. 

      1859

    • D. 

      1850

  • 48. 
    The Kansas-Nebraska act was passed in:
    • A. 

      1846

    • B. 

      1850

    • C. 

      1854

    • D. 

      1856

  • 49. 
    Which of the following occurred the earliest?
    • A. 

      Fugitive Slave Act

    • B. 

      Dred Scott Decision

    • C. 

      Publication of Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    • D. 

      Formation of the Free Soil Party

  • 50. 
    South Carolina seceded from the Union in
    • A. 

      1861

    • B. 

      1860

    • C. 

      1858

    • D. 

      1859