They obtained land from the Freedmen's Bureau.
The were forced back onto plantations as sharecroppers.
They established large cooperative farms.
They migrated to northern urban areas and worked as unskilled laborers.
They were forced to migrate to marginally fertile lands in the western territories.
Temporary Union military supervision of the former Confederacy.
Federal monetary support for the resettlement of Black Americans in Africa.
Denial of property-holding and voting rights to Black Americans.
Implementation of anti-Black vagrancy laws in the South.
Lenient readmission of the formerly Confederate states to the Union.
The extension of the route of the Northern Pacific Railroad.
A concentrated effort on the part of the major Protestant denominations to convert the Sioux to Christianity.
The gold rush in the Black Hills.
Corruption within the Department of the Interior.
Overland migration of settlers to the Pacific Northwest.
The Gospel of Wealth
The Social Gospel
A large city council elected by wards.
Home rule for cities.
City manager and commission governments.
The creation and growth of international cartels.
The development of industry-wide trade associations.
The joining of skilled and unskilled workers in industrial unions.
The formation of agricultural marketing cooperatives.
The use of stockholding trusts to create business monopolies.
The beginning of negotiations with individual tribal groups.
The start of a removal policy.
The abandonment of the reservation system.
The admission of American Indians to United States citizenship.
The division of tribal lands among individual members.
To advocate social reform.
To arouse anti-immigrant sentiments.
To encourage the purchase of cameras.
To document the need for prohibition.
To encourage immigration to the cities.
A Kansas farmer.
A Chicago industrial worker.
A department store clerk.
A university professor of economics.
A New York Republican Party member.
Establishment of the eight-hour workday.
Passage of right-to work laws.
Increasing use of skilled labor.
Use of federal troops to help defeat strikes.
Establishment of factories in foreign countries by United States corporations.
Labor unions should concentrate on increasing wages and benefits.
Labor should organize industry's skilled and unskilled workers into a single union.
Labor unions should compete directly against large industries in the production and distribution of consumer products.
Industrial workers should form a political party to achieve their goals.
The defective capitalistic system should be replaced by labor cooperatives.
Organizations created by native-born Americans to combat the political influence of immigrants.
Organizations controlled by politicians who dispensed jobs and other patronage in return for political support.
Organizations working for vivil service reform to ensure sound municipal government.
Organizations of reformers working to combat urban poverty by establishing settlement houses.
Organizations of conservative elites seeking to maintain control of politics.
Traditions of Western European culture.
Role of women in socializing children to become good citizens.
Historical consequences of the enslavement of black people.
Conflict between capitalists and workers.
Frontier experience in fostering democracy.
Skilled workers into craft unions in order to achieve economic gains.
All industrial and agricultural workers into a single union.
Unskilled workers along industrial lines.
Women into the Women's Trade Union League.
Voting rights previously gained were denied through changes in state laws and constitutions.
Back-to-Africa movements were widely popular among Black residents of cities
Black leaders disagreed on the principal strategy for attaining equal rights.
Numerous physical attacks on Black indviduals occurred in both the North and the South.
Black people from the rural South migrated to both southern and northern cities.
Southern and eastern Europe.
Northern and western Europe.
It joined the League of Nations.
It emerged as the world's leading creditor nation.
It accorded diplomatic recongnition to the Soviet Union.
It repealed the amendment to the Constitution that allowed Prohibition.
It received large reparations payments from Germany.
Represented by Ernest Hemingway in the figures of Jake Barnes and lady Brett Ashley
Depicted in Sylvia Plath's (The Bell Jar)
Glorified by T.S. Eliot in "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"
Portrayed as the principal subject of Sinclair Lewis' Babbitt
Portrayed as the principal subject of Theodore Dreiser's (An American Tragedy)
Revolution in Mexico had caused social upheaval and dislocation.
The United States offered special homestead rights to relatives of Mexican Americans serving in the armed forces.
The war in Europe had disrupted the Mexican economy.
American Progressives generally held liberal views on the issue of racial assimilation.
The US government recruited Mexican workers to accelerate the settlement of the Southwest.
A general association of nations.
Freedom to navigate the high seas in peace and war
An independent Poland
A partitioned Germany
An end to secret treaties
Raised the price of automobiles.
Resulted in small cuts in workers' wages.
Decreased the need for skilled workers.
Made the working environment safer.
Increased the number of women employed in industrial work.
Repressive effects of Prohibition
Attraction of European cities
Traditin among american writers of taking up temporary residence in Europe
Claims of young american culture was materialistic and hostile to the development of art
European tradition of wealthy patrons supporting struggling American artists and writers.
Expanded popularity of Freudian psychology
Rise of pluralistic and relativistic world-views
More rigorous training for academic professions
Growth in influence of religious fundamentalism
Increased attention to the methods and outlook of the sciences
Federal unemployment insurance for workers who had lost their jobs.
Federal loans to farmers, with surplus grain used as collateral.
Early payment to veterans of a promised reward for service in the First World War.
A substantial increas in the military budget.
A refund to investors who lost money in the stock market crash of 1929.
Negotiation of tariff agreements by the executive department.
Reduction of the gold content of the dollar.
Removal of the restraints of the antitrust acts to permit voluntary trade associations.
Adoption of processing taxes on agricultural products.
Reform of the judiciary to permit the enlargement of the Supreme Court.
Reduce farm prices to make food cheaper for the consumer.
Increase production by opening new lands to farmers.
Reduce production in order to boost farm prices.
Use price and wage controls to stabilize farm prices.
End federal controls over agriculture.
End the sit-down strike in Flint, Michigan
Settle the struggle between the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Workers
Guarantee workers a minimum wage
Ensure workers' right to organize and bargain collectively
Exempt organized labor from the Sherman Antitrust Act
John L. Lewis
Bernard M. Baruch
A temporary movement of women into heavy industry
The breakdown of racial segregation in the South
The growth of isolationism in the Midwest
The introduction of a system of national health insurance
A decline in farmers' income
Woodrow Wilson's request for a declaration of war against Germany (1917)
Herbert Hoover's statement on Japanese aggression in China (1931)
Franklin D. Roosevelt's request for a declaration of war against Japan (1941)
Harry S. Truman's request for funds to support Greece and Turkey against communism (1947)
An address by Jeane Kirkpatrick to the United Nations (1983)
President Roosevelt claimed that military necessity justified the action.
The Supreme Court immediately declared the action unconstitutional.
The relocation was implemented according to congressional provisions for the interment of dissidents.
The Japanese Americans received the same treatment as the accorded German Americans and Italian Americans.
Few of those relocated were actually United States citizens.
Rationing consumer goods
Limiting wartime wages
Limiting agricultural prices
Selling war bonds
Increasing the prime interest rate
Dropping the bombs would be a powerful argument to the Japanese government to cease fighting.
Dropping the bombs would presumably shorten the war and therefore save the lives of American soldiers that would be lost in an invasion of the Japanese homeland.
Scientists wished to demonstrate to Congrass that the money spent on the Manhattan Progect was not wasted.
Scientists could propose no acceptable technical demonstration of the atomic bomb likely to convince Japan that further fighting was futile.
The President and the State Department hoped to end the war in the Far East without Soviet assistance.
The continuation of the Great Depression
The need to maintain a large military force in Asia
Budget expenditures required to rebuild Europe
Controversy surrounding the Truman Doctrine
The domination of Congress by Republicans and conservative Democrats
Containment of communisim
Limited rather than total warfare
Isolationism rather than interventionism
Civilian control of the military
Self-determination for all free people
Creation of a network of churches to convert them to Christianity
Establishment of schools to promote tribal culture
Establishment of reservations
Forced migration of most tribes to urban areas
Forced migration of tribes from the Southeast to Oklahoma
Divide Vietnam into temporary sectors and lay the groundwork for free elections
Devise plans for arms reductions between the Soviet Union and the US
Establish the boundaries for permanent North and South Koreas
Establish an international peackeeping force in the Middle East
Resolve disagreements between the Guatemalan government of Jacobo Arbenz and the US
A founder of the Black Panther Party
A key adviser to President Eisenhower
A poet of the Beat Generation
An anticommunist senator from california
An Abstract Expressioinist painter
Was a forerunner of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Established free public colleges in the United States
Declared racially segregated public schools inherently unequal
Established free public elementary and secondary schools in the US
Provided for federal support of parochial schools
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Whitney M. Young, Jr.
The federal government supported civil rights for Black Americans.
Reform activity was encouraged by strong and active Presidents.
Many reformers advocated changes in the area of women's rights.
Governemental reform initiatives were curtailed by war.
Reform occurred despite the absence of severe economic depression.
He proclaimed himself commander in chief of Viet Cong armies and organized guerrilla attacks on US military installations.
He was appointed by the French government to serve as a temporary president of Vietnam
He refused to carry out political reforms in South Vietnam.
He advocated an alliance between himself and Ho Chi Minh to prevent US intervention in Vietnam.
He wrote articles in the Vietnamese popular press encouraging the public to support Marxism.
It was justified by invoking the Open Door policy.
It was the exclusive responsibility of the Johnson and Nixon administrations.
It came about only after a formal declaration of war.
It was primarily anti-Soviet in purpose.
It grew out of policy assumptions and commitments dating from the end of the Second World War.
The Berlin blockade
The cuban missle crisis
The Pueblo incident
The Suez Crisis
The U-2 incident
Limits on woman suffrage
White-only primary elections
Exclusion of foreign-born citizens
It sought accommodation with White society.
It modeled its tactics on the Black Power movement.
It issued the Declaration of Indian Purpose.
It won voting rights for Native Americans.
It drew its membership primarily from reservations.
Ban offical prayers in the public schools
Protect a woman's right to an abortion
Protect property rights
Expand minority rights
Incorporate the National Aeronautics and Space Administration into the armed forces
Create a satellite and laser shield to defend against missile attacks
Expand American space exploration efforts
Construct new ballistic missiles not covered under the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
Increase the interest of young Americans in volunteering for military service
Frank Lloyd Wright
The end of the all-White southern primary election
The establishment of the right of defendants to legal counsel in capital cases
The outlawing of forced labor
The outlawing of convict labor and chain gangs
The mandating of informing criminal suspects of their rights
Prohibit discrimination in public accommondations and employment
Create equity in Social Security benefits
Standardize funding for Medicare
Strenghten the women's movement
Provide the benefits for the disabled
The nuclear arms race imperiled future generations
The failure of White Americans and Black Americans to overcome racism would have destructive consequences
Expatriate Americans must return home in times of crisis
Protest literature would not solve the problems of inequality
Violence against civil right demonstrators would escalate without federal intervention