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History Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following best describes the experiences of most emancipated slaves following Reconstruction?
    • A. 

      They obtained land from the Freedmen's Bureau.

    • B. 

      The were forced back onto plantations as sharecroppers.

    • C. 

      They established large cooperative farms.

    • D. 

      They migrated to northern urban areas and worked as unskilled laborers.

    • E. 

      They were forced to migrate to marginally fertile lands in the western territories.

  • 2. 
    The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 provided for
    • A. 

      Temporary Union military supervision of the former Confederacy.

    • B. 

      Federal monetary support for the resettlement of Black Americans in Africa.

    • C. 

      Denial of property-holding and voting rights to Black Americans.

    • D. 

      Implementation of anti-Black vagrancy laws in the South.

    • E. 

      Lenient readmission of the formerly Confederate states to the Union.

  • 3. 
    The second Sioux war (1875-1876), in which Custer was defeated at the Battle of Little Bighorn, was caused by all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The extension of the route of the Northern Pacific Railroad.

    • B. 

      A concentrated effort on the part of the major Protestant denominations to convert the Sioux to Christianity.

    • C. 

      The gold rush in the Black Hills.

    • D. 

      Corruption within the Department of the Interior.

    • E. 

      Overland migration of settlers to the Pacific Northwest.

  • 4. 
    "This, then, is held to be the duty of the man of wealth: to consider all surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds, which he is called upon to administer andstrictly bound as a matter of duty to administer in the manner which, in his judgment, is best calculated to produce the most beneficial results for the community."
    • A. 

      Transcendentalism

    • B. 

      Pragmatism

    • C. 

      The Gospel of Wealth

    • D. 

      The Social Gospel

    • E. 

      Social Darwinism

  • 5. 
    Reformers of the Progressive era proposed all of the following changes in city government and politics at the turn of the century EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A large city council elected by wards.

    • B. 

      Civil service.

    • C. 

      Home rule for cities.

    • D. 

      City manager and commission governments.

    • E. 

      Nonpartisan elections.

  • 6. 
    The anticombination laws passed by numerous states in the late 1880s were a response to which of the following organizational innovations?
    • A. 

      The creation and growth of international cartels.

    • B. 

      The development of industry-wide trade associations.

    • C. 

      The joining of skilled and unskilled workers in industrial unions.

    • D. 

      The formation of agricultural marketing cooperatives.

    • E. 

      The use of stockholding trusts to create business monopolies.

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      The beginning of negotiations with individual tribal groups.

    • B. 

      The start of a removal policy.

    • C. 

      The abandonment of the reservation system.

    • D. 

      The admission of American Indians to United States citizenship.

    • E. 

      The division of tribal lands among individual members.

  • 8. 
    The late-nineteenth-century photographs showing different classes of people standing around outside was intended to serve which of the following purposes?
    • A. 

      To advocate social reform.

    • B. 

      To arouse anti-immigrant sentiments.

    • C. 

      To encourage the purchase of cameras.

    • D. 

      To document the need for prohibition.

    • E. 

      To encourage immigration to the cities.

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      A Kansas farmer.

    • B. 

      A Chicago industrial worker.

    • C. 

      A department store clerk.

    • D. 

      A university professor of economics.

    • E. 

      A New York Republican Party member.

  • 10. 
    Unionization efforts in the late nineteenth century were countered by the
    • A. 

      Establishment of the eight-hour workday.

    • B. 

      Passage of right-to work laws.

    • C. 

      Increasing use of skilled labor.

    • D. 

      Use of federal troops to help defeat strikes.

    • E. 

      Establishment of factories in foreign countries by United States corporations.

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Labor unions should concentrate on increasing wages and benefits.

    • B. 

      Labor should organize industry's skilled and unskilled workers into a single union.

    • C. 

      Labor unions should compete directly against large industries in the production and distribution of consumer products.

    • D. 

      Industrial workers should form a political party to achieve their goals.

    • E. 

      The defective capitalistic system should be replaced by labor cooperatives.

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Organizations created by native-born Americans to combat the political influence of immigrants.

    • B. 

      Organizations controlled by politicians who dispensed jobs and other patronage in return for political support.

    • C. 

      Organizations working for vivil service reform to ensure sound municipal government.

    • D. 

      Organizations of reformers working to combat urban poverty by establishing settlement houses.

    • E. 

      Organizations of conservative elites seeking to maintain control of politics.

  • 13. 
    In his interpretation of the historical development of the United States, Frederick Jackson Turner focused on the importance of the
    • A. 

      Traditions of Western European culture.

    • B. 

      Role of women in socializing children to become good citizens.

    • C. 

      Historical consequences of the enslavement of black people.

    • D. 

      Conflict between capitalists and workers.

    • E. 

      Frontier experience in fostering democracy.

  • 14. 
    The American Federation of Labor in the 1890s organized
    • A. 

      Skilled workers into craft unions in order to achieve economic gains.

    • B. 

      All industrial and agricultural workers into a single union.

    • C. 

      Unskilled workers along industrial lines.

    • D. 

      Women into the Women's Trade Union League.

  • 15. 
    In the period 1890-1915, all of the following were generally true about Black Americans EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Voting rights previously gained were denied through changes in state laws and constitutions.

    • B. 

      Back-to-Africa movements were widely popular among Black residents of cities

    • C. 

      Black leaders disagreed on the principal strategy for attaining equal rights.

    • D. 

      Numerous physical attacks on Black indviduals occurred in both the North and the South.

    • E. 

      Black people from the rural South migrated to both southern and northern cities.

  • 16. 
    Between 1890 and 1914, most immigrants to the United States came from
    • A. 

      Southern and eastern Europe.

    • B. 

      Northern and western Europe.

    • C. 

      Latin America

    • D. 

      Southeast Asia

    • E. 

      Canada

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      It joined the League of Nations.

    • B. 

      It emerged as the world's leading creditor nation.

    • C. 

      It accorded diplomatic recongnition to the Soviet Union.

    • D. 

      It repealed the amendment to the Constitution that allowed Prohibition.

    • E. 

      It received large reparations payments from Germany.

  • 18. 
    The "lost generation" after the First World War was
    • A. 

      Represented by Ernest Hemingway in the figures of Jake Barnes and lady Brett Ashley

    • B. 

      Depicted in Sylvia Plath's (The Bell Jar)

    • C. 

      Glorified by T.S. Eliot in "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock"

    • D. 

      Portrayed as the principal subject of Sinclair Lewis' Babbitt

    • E. 

      Portrayed as the principal subject of Theodore Dreiser's (An American Tragedy)

  • 19. 
    Many Mexicans migrated to the United States during the First World War because
    • A. 

      Revolution in Mexico had caused social upheaval and dislocation.

    • B. 

      The United States offered special homestead rights to relatives of Mexican Americans serving in the armed forces.

    • C. 

      The war in Europe had disrupted the Mexican economy.

    • D. 

      American Progressives generally held liberal views on the issue of racial assimilation.

    • E. 

      The US government recruited Mexican workers to accelerate the settlement of the Southwest.

  • 20. 
    All of the following were among Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A general association of nations.

    • B. 

      Freedom to navigate the high seas in peace and war

    • C. 

      An independent Poland

    • D. 

      A partitioned Germany

    • E. 

      An end to secret treaties

  • 21. 
    A direct consequence of Henry Ford's assemblyline process was that it
    • A. 

      Raised the price of automobiles.

    • B. 

      Resulted in small cuts in workers' wages.

    • C. 

      Decreased the need for skilled workers.

    • D. 

      Made the working environment safer.

    • E. 

      Increased the number of women employed in industrial work.

  • 22. 
    All of the following help to explain the presence of large numbers of expatriate American intellectuals in Europe during the 1920s EXCEPT the
    • A. 

      Repressive effects of Prohibition

    • B. 

      Attraction of European cities

    • C. 

      Traditin among american writers of taking up temporary residence in Europe

    • D. 

      Claims of young american culture was materialistic and hostile to the development of art

    • E. 

      European tradition of wealthy patrons supporting struggling American artists and writers.

  • 23. 
    A number of changes took place in the intellectual life of college-educated Americans between about 1880 and 1930. Which of the following changes is LEAST characteristic of this group during this period?
    • A. 

      Expanded popularity of Freudian psychology

    • B. 

      Rise of pluralistic and relativistic world-views

    • C. 

      More rigorous training for academic professions

    • D. 

      Growth in influence of religious fundamentalism

    • E. 

      Increased attention to the methods and outlook of the sciences

  • 24. 
    In its 1932 march on Washington, the Bonus Army demanded which of the following?
    • A. 

      Federal unemployment insurance for workers who had lost their jobs.

    • B. 

      Federal loans to farmers, with surplus grain used as collateral.

    • C. 

      Early payment to veterans of a promised reward for service in the First World War.

    • D. 

      A substantial increas in the military budget.

    • E. 

      A refund to investors who lost money in the stock market crash of 1929.

  • 25. 
    Franklin D. Roosevelt was LEAST successful in securing congressional support for which of the following?
    • A. 

      Negotiation of tariff agreements by the executive department.

    • B. 

      Reduction of the gold content of the dollar.

    • C. 

      Removal of the restraints of the antitrust acts to permit voluntary trade associations.

    • D. 

      Adoption of processing taxes on agricultural products.

    • E. 

      Reform of the judiciary to permit the enlargement of the Supreme Court.

  • 26. 
    Franklin D. Roosevelt's farm policy was primarily designed to
    • A. 

      Reduce farm prices to make food cheaper for the consumer.

    • B. 

      Increase production by opening new lands to farmers.

    • C. 

      Reduce production in order to boost farm prices.

    • D. 

      Use price and wage controls to stabilize farm prices.

    • E. 

      End federal controls over agriculture.

  • 27. 
    The main purpose of the Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act) of 1935 was to
    • A. 

      End the sit-down strike in Flint, Michigan

    • B. 

      Settle the struggle between the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Workers

    • C. 

      Guarantee workers a minimum wage

    • D. 

      Ensure workers' right to organize and bargain collectively

    • E. 

      Exempt organized labor from the Sherman Antitrust Act

  • 28. 
    "The productive methods and facilities of modern industry have been completely transformed...Skilled artisans make up only a small proportion of the workers. Obviously the bargaining strength of employees, under these conditions, no longer rests in organizations of skilled artisans. It is dependent upon a national union representing all employees-whether skilled or unskilled, or whether working by brain or brawn-in each basic industry."The statement above best represents the views of
    • A. 

      Emma Goldman

    • B. 

      John L. Lewis

    • C. 

      William Green

    • D. 

      Bernard M. Baruch

    • E. 

      Jane Addams

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      A temporary movement of women into heavy industry

    • B. 

      The breakdown of racial segregation in the South

    • C. 

      The growth of isolationism in the Midwest

    • D. 

      The introduction of a system of national health insurance

    • E. 

      A decline in farmers' income

  • 30. 
    "I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures. I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes."The statement above is taken from
    • A. 

      Woodrow Wilson's request for a declaration of war against Germany (1917)

    • B. 

      Herbert Hoover's statement on Japanese aggression in China (1931)

    • C. 

      Franklin D. Roosevelt's request for a declaration of war against Japan (1941)

    • D. 

      Harry S. Truman's request for funds to support Greece and Turkey against communism (1947)

    • E. 

      An address by Jeane Kirkpatrick to the United Nations (1983)

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      President Roosevelt claimed that military necessity justified the action.

    • B. 

      The Supreme Court immediately declared the action unconstitutional.

    • C. 

      The relocation was implemented according to congressional provisions for the interment of dissidents.

    • D. 

      The Japanese Americans received the same treatment as the accorded German Americans and Italian Americans.

    • E. 

      Few of those relocated were actually United States citizens.

  • 32. 
    During the Second World War, the federal government attempted to control inflation by all of the following means EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Rationing consumer goods

    • B. 

      Limiting wartime wages

    • C. 

      Limiting agricultural prices

    • D. 

      Selling war bonds

    • E. 

      Increasing the prime interest rate

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Dropping the bombs would be a powerful argument to the Japanese government to cease fighting.

    • B. 

      Dropping the bombs would presumably shorten the war and therefore save the lives of American soldiers that would be lost in an invasion of the Japanese homeland.

    • C. 

      Scientists wished to demonstrate to Congrass that the money spent on the Manhattan Progect was not wasted.

    • D. 

      Scientists could propose no acceptable technical demonstration of the atomic bomb likely to convince Japan that further fighting was futile.

    • E. 

      The President and the State Department hoped to end the war in the Far East without Soviet assistance.

  • 34. 
    Following the Second World War, President Truman was unable to expand significantly his predecessor's New Deal programs primarily because of
    • A. 

      The continuation of the Great Depression

    • B. 

      The need to maintain a large military force in Asia

    • C. 

      Budget expenditures required to rebuild Europe

    • D. 

      Controversy surrounding the Truman Doctrine

    • E. 

      The domination of Congress by Republicans and conservative Democrats

  • 35. 
    President Truman's decision to recall General MacArthur from his command of United Nations forces in Korea was primarily based on the principle of
    • A. 

      Containment of communisim

    • B. 

      Limited rather than total warfare

    • C. 

      Isolationism rather than interventionism

    • D. 

      Civilian control of the military

    • E. 

      Self-determination for all free people

  • 36. 
    In the decade after the Civil War, the federal government's policy toward the Plains Indians focused on the
    • A. 

      Creation of a network of churches to convert them to Christianity

    • B. 

      Establishment of schools to promote tribal culture

    • C. 

      Establishment of reservations

    • D. 

      Forced migration of most tribes to urban areas

    • E. 

      Forced migration of tribes from the Southeast to Oklahoma

  • 37. 
    The purpose of the Geneva Accords (1954) was to
    • A. 

      Divide Vietnam into temporary sectors and lay the groundwork for free elections

    • B. 

      Devise plans for arms reductions between the Soviet Union and the US

    • C. 

      Establish the boundaries for permanent North and South Koreas

    • D. 

      Establish an international peackeeping force in the Middle East

    • E. 

      Resolve disagreements between the Guatemalan government of Jacobo Arbenz and the US

  • 38. 
    Allen Ginsberg was well known as
    • A. 

      A founder of the Black Panther Party

    • B. 

      A key adviser to President Eisenhower

    • C. 

      A poet of the Beat Generation

    • D. 

      An anticommunist senator from california

    • E. 

      An Abstract Expressioinist painter

  • 39. 
    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a Supreme Court decision that
    • A. 

      Was a forerunner of the Kansas-Nebraska Act

    • B. 

      Established free public colleges in the United States

    • C. 

      Declared racially segregated public schools inherently unequal

    • D. 

      Established free public elementary and secondary schools in the US

    • E. 

      Provided for federal support of parochial schools

  • 40. 
    "The problem with hatred and violence is that they intensify the fears of the White majority, and leave them less ashamed of their prejudices toward Negroes. In the guilt and confusion confronting our society, viloence only adds to chaos. It deepens the brutality of the oppressor and increases the bitterness of the oppressed. Violence is the antithesis of creativity and wholeness. It destroys community and makes brotherhood impossible."Black leader during the 1960s would have supported that statement above EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Roy Wilkins

    • B. 

      Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • C. 

      James Farmer

    • D. 

      Stokely Carmichael

    • E. 

      Whitney M. Young, Jr.

  • 41. 
    Reform activity during the Progressive era was similar to that of the 1960s in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      The federal government supported civil rights for Black Americans.

    • B. 

      Reform activity was encouraged by strong and active Presidents.

    • C. 

      Many reformers advocated changes in the area of women's rights.

    • D. 

      Governemental reform initiatives were curtailed by war.

    • E. 

      Reform occurred despite the absence of severe economic depression.

  • 42. 
    • A. 

      He proclaimed himself commander in chief of Viet Cong armies and organized guerrilla attacks on US military installations.

    • B. 

      He was appointed by the French government to serve as a temporary president of Vietnam

    • C. 

      He refused to carry out political reforms in South Vietnam.

    • D. 

      He advocated an alliance between himself and Ho Chi Minh to prevent US intervention in Vietnam.

    • E. 

      He wrote articles in the Vietnamese popular press encouraging the public to support Marxism.

  • 43. 
    • A. 

      It was justified by invoking the Open Door policy.

    • B. 

      It was the exclusive responsibility of the Johnson and Nixon administrations.

    • C. 

      It came about only after a formal declaration of war.

    • D. 

      It was primarily anti-Soviet in purpose.

    • E. 

      It grew out of policy assumptions and commitments dating from the end of the Second World War.

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      The Berlin blockade

    • B. 

      The cuban missle crisis

    • C. 

      The Pueblo incident

    • D. 

      The Suez Crisis

    • E. 

      The U-2 incident

  • 45. 
    Until 1964, eligibility to vote could be restricted by which of the following means?
    • A. 

      Poll taxes

    • B. 

      Grandfather clauses

    • C. 

      Limits on woman suffrage

    • D. 

      White-only primary elections

    • E. 

      Exclusion of foreign-born citizens

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      It sought accommodation with White society.

    • B. 

      It modeled its tactics on the Black Power movement.

    • C. 

      It issued the Declaration of Indian Purpose.

    • D. 

      It won voting rights for Native Americans.

    • E. 

      It drew its membership primarily from reservations.

  • 47. 
    In the twentieth century, US Supreme Court decisions did all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      End Prohibition

    • B. 

      Ban offical prayers in the public schools

    • C. 

      Protect a woman's right to an abortion

    • D. 

      Protect property rights

    • E. 

      Expand minority rights

  • 48. 
    The "silent majority" was a term used to describe supporters of
    • A. 

      George McGovern

    • B. 

      George Wallace

    • C. 

      Richard Nixon

    • D. 

      Prohibition

    • E. 

      Environmental reform

  • 49. 
    The military proposal popularly known as "Star Wars" was designed to
    • A. 

      Incorporate the National Aeronautics and Space Administration into the armed forces

    • B. 

      Create a satellite and laser shield to defend against missile attacks

    • C. 

      Expand American space exploration efforts

    • D. 

      Construct new ballistic missiles not covered under the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty

    • E. 

      Increase the interest of young Americans in volunteering for military service

  • 50. 
    The Prairie School of architecture is best exemplified in the work of
    • A. 

      Stanford White

    • B. 

      Frank Gehry

    • C. 

      Frank Lloyd Wright

    • D. 

      Louis Sullivan

    • E. 

      Daniel Burnham

  • 51. 
    The Scottsboro case led to which of the following major judicial reforms?
    • A. 

      The end of the all-White southern primary election

    • B. 

      The establishment of the right of defendants to legal counsel in capital cases

    • C. 

      The outlawing of forced labor

    • D. 

      The outlawing of convict labor and chain gangs

    • E. 

      The mandating of informing criminal suspects of their rights

  • 52. 
    A major purpose of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was to
    • A. 

      Prohibit discrimination in public accommondations and employment

    • B. 

      Create equity in Social Security benefits

    • C. 

      Standardize funding for Medicare

    • D. 

      Strenghten the women's movement

    • E. 

      Provide the benefits for the disabled

  • 53. 
    In his book (The Fire Next Time, 1963), James Baldwin argued that
    • A. 

      The nuclear arms race imperiled future generations

    • B. 

      The failure of White Americans and Black Americans to overcome racism would have destructive consequences

    • C. 

      Expatriate Americans must return home in times of crisis

    • D. 

      Protest literature would not solve the problems of inequality

    • E. 

      Violence against civil right demonstrators would escalate without federal intervention