History Midterm

129 Questions

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History Midterm Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which Italian state extended its laws and government over Italy after unification?
    • A. 

      Sicily

    • B. 

      Piedmont

    • C. 

      Rome

    • D. 

      Venetia

  • 2. 
    Cavour looked to this country to assist him in his fight against Austria:
    • A. 

      Prussia

    • B. 

      Spain

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Great Britain

  • 3. 
    All of the following states freed themselves from the ottoman empire in the first half of the 19th century EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Serbia

    • B. 

      Nice and Savoy

    • C. 

      Greece

    • D. 

      Moldavia-Walachia

  • 4. 
    This territory was the focus of the Danish war and the cause of the Austro-Prussian War:
    • A. 

      Alsace and Lorraine

    • B. 

      The Balkans

    • C. 

      The Ottoman Empire

    • D. 

      Schleswig and Holstein

  • 5. 
    Which of the following about the Crimean War is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Demonstrated the weakness of Russia

    • B. 

      Brought Austria and Russia together as allies

    • C. 

      It ended the concert of Europe

    • D. 

      Demonstrated the weakness of the Ottoman empire

  • 6. 
    Which were the last two states to be added to the new unified Italian nation?
    • A. 

      Alsace and Lorraine

    • B. 

      Piedmont and Sardinia

    • C. 

      Schleswig and Holstein

    • D. 

      Venetia and Rome

  • 7. 
    The Crimean War...
    • A. 

      Enormously strengthened Russia's military Prestige

    • B. 

      Strengthened the Concert of Europe

    • C. 

      Isolated the Austrians from the rest of the great powers of Europe

    • D. 

      Resulted in a situation that was detrimental to Italian and German unification

  • 8. 
    This means politics based on practical matters rather than theory or ethics:
    • A. 

      Ausgleich

    • B. 

      Realpolitik

    • C. 

      Pan-Slavism

    • D. 

      Zollverein

  • 9. 
    The French were forced to cede this territory to Germany following the Franco-Prussian War:
    • A. 

      Alsace and Lorraine

    • B. 

      The Balkans

    • C. 

      The Ottoman empire

    • D. 

      Venetia and Rome

  • 10. 
    Bismarck provoked the French into war in 1870 by taking advantage of this situation
    • A. 

      The Crimean War

    • B. 

      The death of Wilhelm I

    • C. 

      Question over the Spanish throne

    • D. 

      Dispute over Schleswig and Holstein

  • 11. 
    The Ottoman Empire had long been in control of much of southeastern Europe- also known as
    • A. 

      Alsace and Lorraine

    • B. 

      The Balkans

    • C. 

      Piedmont-Sardinia

    • D. 

      Schleswig-Holstein

  • 12. 
    Which of the following statements about the Danish War is correct?
    • A. 

      Denmark fought both Austria and Prussia

    • B. 

      Denmark and Austria fought Prussia

    • C. 

      Denmark was victorious

    • D. 

      Fought over German territories of Alsace and Lorraine

  • 13. 
    A key characteristic of nationalism is
    • A. 

      A shared culture

    • B. 

      Shared flag

    • C. 

      A president

    • D. 

      A shared military

  • 14. 
    By 1871 there was a shift in power in Europe, which nation changed?
    • A. 

      Prussia became Germany

    • B. 

      Italy replaced Prussia

    • C. 

      Germany became Prussia

    • D. 

      Austria replaced Italy

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements about Russification is correct?
    • A. 

      It was a policy instituted by the Russian Czars to maintain iron control of the 22 million non-Russians living within their empire

    • B. 

      It included the process of forcing Russian culture on all ethnic groups in the Russian empire

    • C. 

      Both A + B

    • D. 

      It was successful in weakening local ethnic nationalist movements and served to keep the Russian empire unified

  • 16. 
    Nationalism is a force that
    • A. 

      Tore apart centuries-old empires

    • B. 

      Gave rise to the nation-state

    • C. 

      Was opposed by conservatives

    • D. 

      Accomplished all of the above

  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements would Otto von Bismarck probably NOT agree with?
    • A. 

      It is destiny of the weak to be devoured by the strong

    • B. 

      A ruler should never violate the constitution of his or her country

    • C. 

      Military force should be used to achieve political gain

    • D. 

      Manufacturing political incidents is acceptable if it achieves a worthy goal

  • 18. 
    Describe 3 effects of the Austro-Prussian War
  • 19. 
    Describe 3 effects of the Franco-Prussian War
  • 20. 
    One of the first European politicians to call himself a liberal was... 
    • A. 

      Metternich

    • B. 

      Monroe

    • C. 

      Napoleon

    • D. 

      Charles X

  • 21. 
    By 1849, most of Europe was under the control of the:
    • A. 

      Conservatives

    • B. 

      Liberals

    • C. 

      Nationalists

    • D. 

      Radicals

  • 22. 
    Which of the following was NOT a cause of the 19th century Latin America independence movements?
    • A. 

      The American Revolution

    • B. 

      The French Revolution

    • C. 

      The Monroe Doctrine

    • D. 

      Napoleon and his armies

  • 23. 
    The ultimate result of the establishment of the second Republic in France in 1848 was
    • A. 

      The enfranchisement of women over twenty-three years of age

    • B. 

      A final end to totalitarianism in France

    • C. 

      The start of full employment for all French workers

    • D. 

      A repetition of the familiar pattern of replacing one form of authoritarian rule with another

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements about the revolutions of 1848 is incorrect?
    • A. 

      The overthrow of the tsar in Moscow initiated the series of upheaval

    • B. 

      The Czar rebellion in Prague was ultimately crushed

    • C. 

      The Austrians needed the help of the Russians to put down the Hungarian revolution

    • D. 

      All of the revolts in Italy failed

  • 25. 
    In early 19th century Europe, one political goal that liberals had was to...
    • A. 

      Limit the influence of business leaders and merchants

    • B. 

      Protect traditional monarchies of Europe

    • C. 

      Give more power to elected parliaments

    • D. 

      Abolish formal government and replace it with dictatorship

  • 26. 
    During the 19th Century, which of the following occurred in Europe?
    • A. 

      Conflict between conservative and liberal movements

    • B. 

      The resurgence of conservatives over liberals

    • C. 

      The decline of established empires

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 27. 
    Jose de San Martin was a military officer who liberated parts of...
    • A. 

      Brazil

    • B. 

      Spanish-speaking parts of South America

    • C. 

      Mexico

    • D. 

      Spanish-speaking people in the Caribbean

  • 28. 
    The independence movement in Mexico was led in part by a priest named
    • A. 

      Miguel Hidalgo

    • B. 

      Simon Bolivar

    • C. 

      Dom Pedro

    • D. 

      Toussant L-Ouverture

  • 29. 
    Which of the following statements about the 1830 movement for Belgian independence is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Belgians were motivated to revolt by the events that took place in Paris in 1839

    • B. 

      The movement was unsuccessful because Austria, Prussia, and Russia all intervened

    • C. 

      Belgian independence was supported by both the British and the French

    • D. 

      Belgium was successful in winning their independence from Holland

  • 30. 
    The Polish independence movement of 1830 was...
    • A. 

      Brought to a halt by the Russian Czar

    • B. 

      Successful despite not being supported by the Concert of Europe

    • C. 

      Endorsed by the Concert of Europe

    • D. 

      Caused by the Tsar's overthrow in Moscow

  • 31. 
    Which of the following statements about the Revolutions in France in 1830 are incorrect?
    • A. 

      The uprisings in Paris sparked revolutions in other parts of Europe

    • B. 

      Napoleon III was able to seize power in legal elections

    • C. 

      Louis Philippe was named citizen king as a compromise solution to France's many political problems

    • D. 

      Riots in Paris brought permanent end to the theory of divine right in France

  • 32. 
    Which of the following statements about the revolutions if France 1848 is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Louis Philippe was forced to flee England

    • B. 

      Ended with Napoleon III being voted dictator like powers for a ten year term

    • C. 

      Was the only revolution in France that did not effect other parts of Europe

    • D. 

      Was caused by Paris workers frustrated over their lack of representation in French government

  • 33. 
    Which of the following people would most likely have been radical in the 1800s?
    • A. 

      A nobleman who is related to his country's king

    • B. 

      A prosperous land owner who owns less than 10,000 acres

    • C. 

      A wealthy business man who wants to give his country's parliament more power

    • D. 

      A poor student who had read extensively about democracy

  • 34. 
    Which of the following statements about Europe in the 1st half of the 19th century is incorrect?
    • A. 

      There was basically three different types of states: smaller states, larger nation-states, and large multicultural empires

    • B. 

      After France pulled out of the Concert of Europe, Britain joined the other major powers of Europe and took on an active role of maintaining liberal control of the continent

    • C. 

      Austria, the Ottoman Empire, and Russia were large multicultural empires

    • D. 

      For the most part, the Concert of Europe was able to prevent any wars between the major powers of Europe from 1814 to 1854

  • 35. 
    In the first half of the 1800s, a political liberal was most likely to be
    • A. 

      A middle class merchant

    • B. 

      A peasant

    • C. 

      S revolutionary

    • D. 

      A wealthy property owner

  • 36. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 37. 
    What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna and how did they achieve them?
  • 38. 
    Explain/describe 5 characteristics/things that help to bond people to nation-states.
  • 39. 
    Name 3 revolutions that were successful in the first half of the 19th century and name 3 revolutions that were unsuccessful in the 1st half of the 19th century. (include country and year)
  • 40. 
    The theory that the sun is at the center of the universe with the planets revolving around it, is also known as the (...) theory.
  • 41. 
    (...) was the king of England who lost the Civil War, and consequently, he lost his head.
  • 42. 
    His laws of motion and gravitation led to a whole new conception of the universe and his ideas served as the basis for the study of physics until the 20th century.
    • A. 

      Copernicus

    • B. 

      Galileo

    • C. 

      Kepler

    • D. 

      Newton

    • E. 

      Ptolemy

    • F. 

      Ptolemy

  • 43. 
    Which of the following statements about the regicide in England is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Regicide means the killing of a king or monarch

    • B. 

      In England, after the Civil War, a parliament tried, convicted, and executed the king

    • C. 

      James II was the only English king to ever be executed

    • D. 

      The nursery rhyme-"Humpty Dumpty" is based on the regicide of the English king

  • 44. 
    In the seventeenth century, England
    • A. 

      Became the model for European absolutism

    • B. 

      Made the monarchy supreme on its government

    • C. 

      Established the foundation for the development of a constitutional monarchy

    • D. 

      Became an example of a purely Catholic nation

  • 45. 
    The willingness of people to hand over their rights to a ruler in exchange for law and order in society was called   
    • A. 

      Scientific method

    • B. 

      The geocentric theory

    • C. 

      Heliocentric theory

    • D. 

      A social contract

  • 46. 
    In "A Vindication of the Rights of Women," this political thinker presented an argument for the education of women; she also declared that women should have the same political rights as men:
    • A. 

      Descartes

    • B. 

      Kepler

    • C. 

      Ptolemy

    • D. 

      Wollstonecraft

  • 47. 
    Parliament's financial power was an obstacle to this type of gov.
    • A. 

      Absolute monarchy

    • B. 

      Bill of Rights

    • C. 

      Cabinet system

    • D. 

      Constitutional monarchy

  • 48. 
    The Restoration resulted in Parliament making him king
    • A. 

      Charles I

    • B. 

      Charles II

    • C. 

      James I

    • D. 

      James II

  • 49. 
    European astronomer who was the first to publicly  declare that the sun was at the center of the universe, and that the earth was not a stationary object but turned on its axis once a day
    • A. 

      Copernicus

    • B. 

      Descartes

    • C. 

      Kepler

    • D. 

      Ptolemy

  • 50. 
    This document made clear the limits of royal power after the Glorious Revolution
    • A. 

      The Bill of Rights

    • B. 

      Habeas Corpus

    • C. 

      Leviathan

    • D. 

      Magna Carta

  • 51. 
    Brilliant French artist and one of the most famous writers of the Enlightenment; he frequently targeted the clergy, the aristocracy, and the government and he never stopped fighting for tolerance, reason, freedom of religion and freedom of speech:  
    • A. 

      Baron de Montesquieu

    • B. 

      John Locke

    • C. 

      Oliver Cromwell

    • D. 

      Thomas Hobbes

    • E. 

      Voltaire

  • 52. 
    Chronological order of events in English history...
    • A. 

      Glorious Rev.-Restoration- English Civil War

    • B. 

      English Civil War- Restoration- Glorious rev.

    • C. 

      English Civil War- Glorious Rev.- Restoration

    • D. 

      Restoration- English Civil War- Glorious Rev.

  • 53. 
    French philosophe Jean Jacques Rousseau believed that the best form of government would be a:
    • A. 

      Absolute monarchy

    • B. 

      Cabinet system

    • C. 

      Constitutional monarchy

    • D. 

      Direct monarchy

    • E. 

      military dictatorship

  • 54. 
    Helped to develop analytical geometry; he ​believed that everything should be doubted until proven by reason, "I think, therefore I am." 
    • A. 

      Copernicus

    • B. 

      Descartes

    • C. 

      Kepler

    • D. 

      Ptolemy

  • 55. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 56. 
    An influential French writer who's famous book, "On the Spirit of the Laws," proposed that a separation of powers would keep any individual or group from gaining total control of the government.
    • A. 

      Baron de Montesquieu

    • B. 

      John Locke

    • C. 

      Oliver Cromwell

    • D. 

      Thomas Hobbes

  • 57. 
    What did the word reason mean to the enlightenment intellectuals?
    • A. 

      Past traditions established future realities

    • B. 

      Religious concepts were the basis of facts

    • C. 

      Institutions and thought systems needed traditional religious concepts to function

    • D. 

      The understanding of all life could be discovered through the human mind and logical thinking

  • 58. 
    English Calvinists who led the revolution against the monarchy
    • A. 

      Anabaptists

    • B. 

      Cavaliers

    • C. 

      Jesuits

    • D. 

      Philosophes

    • E. 

      Puritans

  • 59. 
    Explain the historical significance of the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, and the Age of Absolutism. Be sure to discuss in your answer the relationship between the three events.
  • 60. 
    Explain 3 main ideas that were put forth in "The Wealth of Nations" and "The Communist Manifesto."
  • 61. 
    Explain 4 similarities and differences between Socialism and Capitalism.
  • 62. 
    Explain the 4 basic premises of Socialism.
  • 63. 
    This consisted of a series of peasant rebellions throughout the French countryside which motivated the National Assembly to abolish class privileges.
    • A. 

      Reign of Terror

    • B. 

      The Directory

    • C. 

      The Great Fear

    • D. 

      March on Versailles

  • 64. 
    In 1793, both the king and the queen of France were...
    • A. 

      Beheaded

    • B. 

      Deported to England

    • C. 

      Able to escape to Belgium

    • D. 

      Returned to the throne in the French Restoration

  • 65. 
    Why did the National Assembly lose the support of many of the French peasants?
    • A. 

      It taxed the bourgeoisie

    • B. 

      It made peasants and noblemen equals

    • C. 

      It adopted the "Dedication of the Rights of Man and the Citizen"

    • D. 

      It took away the Catholic church's lands and independence

  • 66. 
    What kind of government did the French Constitution of 1791 set up?
    • A. 

      Military dictatorship

    • B. 

      Absolute monarchy

    • C. 

      Oligarchy

    • D. 

      Limited monarchy

  • 67. 
    The French Revolution...
    • A. 

      Was precipitated by a noble-bourgeoisie dispute over the best way to deal with the large budgetary surpluses of 1788 and 1789

    • B. 

      Actually had no real impact on either the economic or political status of peasants

    • C. 

      Led to the creation of the largest army in European history by the French government

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 68. 
    In August of 1789, who abolished the rights of landlords and the fiscal privileges of the noble and clergy  
    • A. 

      National Assembly

    • B. 

      Olympe de Gouges

    • C. 

      Louis XV

    • D. 

      Napoleon

  • 69. 
    Which of the following is an accurate description of the tax system in France in the years proceeding the French Revolution?
    • A. 

      Only peasants and the clergy paid taxes

    • B. 

      The nobility paid taxes only on land, not income

    • C. 

      Only about 2% of the nobility paid taxes

    • D. 

      Members of the 3rd estate paid almost all of the taxes

  • 70. 
    The estates-general was convened in 1789 in order to deal with the...
    • A. 

      Invasion of Silesia

    • B. 

      Near bankruptcy of the French Treasury

    • C. 

      Discontent in the French colonies

    • D. 

      Grievances of the French peasantry

  • 71. 
    Which of the following statements accurately depicts developments in the French Revolution prior to September 1792?
    • A. 

      The National Assembly created a basic declaration of liberties, and a new constitution to establish a limited monarchy

    • B. 

      Louis XV destroyed his public standing by attempting to flee

    • C. 

      Warefare broke out between France and Austria, which was endeavoring to restore the absolute French monarchy

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 72. 
    Enlightened absolutism...
    • A. 

      Was based more on practical measure to strengthen the power of the state than to reform and free their populations

    • B. 

      Was limited by the determination of the privileged orders to retain their special advantages

    • C. 

      Both A and B

    • D. 

      Was best illustrated by Ferdinand and Isabella's use of the Inquisition in Spain

  • 73. 
    Which of the following was not a result of the Thermidorean reaction?
    • A. 

      Moderate forces took control of the government and a period of stagnation and corruption ensued

    • B. 

      Napoleon Bonaparte was elected President of France

    • C. 

      New constitution was written that strove for stability by placing executive authority in the hands of the Directory

    • D. 

      The Reign of Terror

  • 74. 
    The National Assembly was initially formed by this group... 
    • A. 

      1st estate

    • B. 

      2nd estate

    • C. 

      3rd estate

    • D. 

      The King of France

  • 75. 
    Which group most strongly embraced the principles of the enlightenment?
    • A. 

      The nobility

    • B. 

      The bourgeoisie

    • C. 

      The peasant class

    • D. 

      The urban class

  • 76. 
    The National Convention...
    • A. 

      Was chosen by universal male suffrage

    • B. 

      Passed a decree removing Louis XVI and making France a republic

    • C. 

      Order Maximilian Robespierre beheaded

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 77. 
    Which of the following statements about the Reign of Terror is incorrect?
    • A. 

      It was stopped with the arrival of Napoleon and his army

    • B. 

      Its victims were mostly from the peasant, working, and middle classes

    • C. 

      Many revolutionary leaders were executed themselves after sham trials

    • D. 

      About 40,000 people nation wide were executed

  • 78. 
    The army raised by the French Revolutionary government was
    • A. 

      The largest army ever fielded in Europe up to that point

    • B. 

      Very successful on the battlefield

    • C. 

      A true army of people, whose intensity marked the beginning of the modern concept of total war

    • D. 

      Al of the above

  • 79. 
    Name and explain 4 causes of the French Revolution.
  • 80. 
    Tell me 4 things about the Napoleonic code.
  • 81. 
    4 things about the "Declaration of the Rights of Men and the Citizen."
  • 82. 
    Put governments in chronological order- The directory, Estates General, Legislative Assembly, Napoleon, National Assembly, and the National Convention.
  • 83. 
    Name and describe the 3 main factions that made up France's Legislative Assembly. (include where they sat in the assembly hall)
  • 84. 
    What obsolete German state was abolished by Napoleon in 1806 and replaced with the Confederation of the Rhine?
    • A. 

      The Continental System

    • B. 

      The Holy Roman Empire

    • C. 

      The Ottoman Empire

    • D. 

      The United Kingdom

  • 85. 
    The most interesting aspect of Napoleon's reign in France was that...
    • A. 

      While it contained some characteristics of democracy and enlightenment, it was in fact highly dictatorial

    • B. 

      He reversed all of the gains made by the French Revolution

    • C. 

      He eliminated the military draft and decreased the size of the French army

    • D. 

      He was admired by all of the kings and emperors of Europe as the model statesman

  • 86. 
    He led a slave revolt on the French colony of Saint Dominique (Haiti) against the French
    • A. 

      Duke of Wellington

    • B. 

      Horatio Nelson

    • C. 

      Louis XVIII

    • D. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • E. 

      Toussant L'Ouverture

  • 87. 
    In 1806 Napoleon attempted to make Europe more self-sufficient through the use of...
    • A. 

      The Continental System

    • B. 

      The Directory

    • C. 

      Guerillas

    • D. 

      The Louisiana Purchase

    • E. 

      The Scorched Earth Policy

  • 88. 
    He was the British general who defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo
    • A. 

      Duke of Wellington

    • B. 

      Horatio Nelson

    • C. 

      Louis XVII

    • D. 

      Thomas Jefferson

  • 89. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 90. 
    He became king of France (1814) after Napoleon was defeated and removed from power
    • A. 

      Duke of Wellington

    • B. 

      Horatio Nelson

    • C. 

      Louis XVII

    • D. 

      Thomas Jefferson

  • 91. 
    What was the one important consequence of the Battle of Trafalgar?
    • A. 

      Portugal became part of the French Empire

    • B. 

      Napoleon conquered Russia

    • C. 

      Napoleon gave up his plans of invading Britain

    • D. 

      Napoleon became emperor

  • 92. 
    This organization of all of the German states (except for Austria and Prussia) into an alliance with France and Napoleon: 
    • A. 

      The Continental System

    • B. 

      The Confederation of the Rhine

    • C. 

      The Germanic Confederation

    • D. 

      The Thermidorian Reaction

  • 93. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 94. 
    In this battle Admiral Nelson defeated the French navy and established British Supremacy of the seas:
    • A. 

      Battle of Austerlitz

    • B. 

      Battle of Nations

    • C. 

      Battle of Trafalgar

    • D. 

      Battle of Waterloo

  • 95. 
    This agreement between Napoleon and the pope resulted in the restoration of good relations between the government of France and the Roman Catholic Church
    • A. 

      The Continental System

    • B. 

      The Concordat of 1804

    • C. 

      The Louisiana Purchase

    • D. 

      The Scorched Earth Policy

  • 96. 
    The war between Spain and France in the early 1800s was known as the
    • A. 

      Battle of Nations

    • B. 

      The Hundred Days

    • C. 

      The Peninsular War

    • D. 

      The Reign of Terror

  • 97. 
    Napoleon met his final defeat at
    • A. 

      Battle of Austerlitz

    • B. 

      Battle of Nations

    • C. 

      Battle of Trafalgar

    • D. 

      Battle of Waterloo

  • 98. 
    The Battle of Waterloo was between the French and
    • A. 

      The British

    • B. 

      The British and Spanish

    • C. 

      The British and the Prussians

    • D. 

      The British and the Austrians

  • 99. 
    The Hundred Days refers to
    • A. 

      Napoleons last bid for power

    • B. 

      The length of the Peninsular War

    • C. 

      The length of time that Napoleon was exiled

    • D. 

      The length of the 1812 Invasion of Russia

  • 100. 
    The main reason that Napoleon divorced Josephine and married Marie Louise of Austria was
    • A. 

      Because Josephine interfered with his decisions as emperor

    • B. 

      Because he was seeking a male heir to the throne

    • C. 

      Because he wanted/needed to make an alliance with Austria

    • D. 

      Because Josephine had become widely disliked in France because of her connection to the British royal family

  • 101. 
    The Battle of Borodino was between the French and... 
    • A. 

      The British

    • B. 

      The Russians

    • C. 

      The British and the Prussians

    • D. 

      The Austrians and the Russians

  • 102. 
    Representation of the Political Spectrum- (conservative, liberal, reactionary, radical, left-wing, revolutionary, right-wing, statue-quo)
  • 103. 
    Explain the Continental System. (What was it? Did it work? Who imposed it? How was the USA affected?)
  • 104. 
    Describe 3 reasons why Napoleon's empire was doomed to fail.
  • 105. 
    Industrialization in Continental Europe:
    • A. 

      Started prior to the Industrial Revolution in the U.s and Great Britain

    • B. 

      Did not gain momentum until about 1900 in France

    • C. 

      Began in Belgium, France, and the German States

    • D. 

      Was initialized by Karl Marx

  • 106. 
    The reaper that boosted wheat production in the United States was invented by:
    • A. 

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • B. 

      Cyrus McCormick

    • C. 

      I.M. Singer

    • D. 

      Samuel Morse

  • 107. 
    He revolutionized the U.S textile industry by mechanizing every stage of the manufacturing of cloth at his factory in Waltham MA:
    • A. 

      Eli Whitney

    • B. 

      Francis Cabot Lowell

    • C. 

      Horace Mann

    • D. 

      Samuel Slater

  • 108. 
    How did landowners and aristocrats view wealthy members of the middle class?
    • A. 

      Regarded highly

    • B. 

      Looked down upon

    • C. 

      Saw as equals

    • D. 

      Saw as outcasts

  • 109. 
    What was the impact of the steam engine on the production of British goods?
    • A. 

      It enabled mines to work efficiently without more workers

    • B. 

      It allowed small ferries to monopolize the English canals

    • C. 

      It launched the railway age, which brought transportation to a new level

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

  • 110. 
    What was the benefit of being a stockholder in a corporation?
    • A. 

      Complete ownership of branch corporations

    • B. 

      Free goods produced by the corporation

    • C. 

      Not personally responsible for its debs

    • D. 

      All of he above

  • 111. 
    The invention most responsible for the Transportation Revolution was 
    • A. 

      Flying Shuttle

    • B. 

      Power Loom

    • C. 

      Steam Engine

    • D. 

      Spinning Jenny

  • 112. 
    What did Britain do to keep industrial secrets from the U.S?
    • A. 

      Blockaded the U.S from engaging in international trade

    • B. 

      Sent messengers with misleading information to the U.S

    • C. 

      Forbade engineers, mechanics, and toolmakers from leaving the country

    • D. 

      Charged impossible fees for the secrets to industrialization

  • 113. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 114. 
    Which of the following statements about industrialization in the U.S is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Between 1813-1823, Francis Cabot Lowell revolutionized the American textile industry

    • B. 

      The U.S did not industrialize as quick as Britain did because they lacked most of the natural resources that England had

    • C. 

      By the late 1800s, large corporations emerged that tried to control all aspects of their respective industries.

    • D. 

      Rockefeller and Carnegie were two of the most successful industries in the U.S

  • 115. 
    Which factor played a major role in the industrialization of the U.S?
    • A. 

      End of the Civil War

    • B. 

      Native American Slaves

    • C. 

      Railroad expansion

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 116. 
    Which of the following statements about industrialization in continental Europe is incorrect?
    • A. 

      In Austria and Spain, their geography made railroad transportation difficult

    • B. 

      Belgium was the leader in adopting British technology

    • C. 

      France was quicker to industrialize because of the weakness of its agricultural industry

    • D. 

      The rest of Europe wanted to industrialize along with Great Britain, but he French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars delayed it for decades

  • 117. 
    Which of the following statements about the social classes of the industrial revolution is correct?
    • A. 

      The upper classes represented the working classes because of all of the wealth that they had accumulated

    • B. 

      The lower middle class were made up of overseers and skilled workers

    • C. 

      The upper middle class was made up of factory workers and small farmers

    • D. 

      The working classes included the factory owners and merchants

  • 118. 
    Which of the following statements about the industrialization in the U.S is incorrect?
    • A. 

      In 1789, Sam Slater and Moses Brown set up the first textile mill on the U.S

    • B. 

      Similar to British mills, most industrial workers in the U.S were young farm girls

    • C. 

      Lowell, MA was the first planned industrial city in the U.S

    • D. 

      With the exception of the northeastern corner of the country, the majority of the U.S stayed mostly rural until after the Civil War

  • 119. 
    How did the War of 1812 pave the way for the U.S to industrialize?
    • A. 

      The British blockade forced it to develop its own industries

    • B. 

      Materials from the war influenced new American inventions

    • C. 

      British Prisoners from the war greatly increased the American workforce

    • D. 

      Under the Treaty if Ghent, Britain assisted U.S industry

  • 120. 
    Which of the following statements about the industrialization in Germany is incorrect?
    • A. 

      The political unity of the German States made it possible for Germany to industrialize so quickly

    • B. 

      Because of its large supply of coal, the Ruhr Valley was the part of Germany to industrialize

    • C. 

      Railroads helped to connect Germany economically and promoted industrialization

    • D. 

      Like Germany, elsewhere in Europe, industrialization happened in "pockets"

  • 121. 
    What was a benefit of the railroad in Britain?
    • A. 

      It encouraged people to emigrate to other countries

    • B. 

      It eliminated hundreds of thousands of jobs

    • C. 

      It displayed England's agricultural and fishing industries

    • D. 

      It offered cheap transportation for materials and goods

  • 122. 
    How did the Napoleonic Wars and the French Revolution impact the industrialization of Continental Europe 
    • A. 

      Trade was halted in many parts of Europe

    • B. 

      Communications between countries were interrupted

    • C. 

      Inflation was on the rise in some parts of Europe, disrupting the economy

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 123. 
    Explain the basic economic shift that occurred during the industrial revolution.
  • 124. 
    Type response below
  • 125. 
    Effects of the Agricultural Revolution.
  • 126. 
    Type response below
  • 127. 
    3 positive and negative effects of the industrial revolution.
  • 128. 
    Explain 3 reasons why the industrial revolutions happened in Great Britain first.
  • 129. 
    Explain/describe the 3 causes of the industrial revolution.