History Of Mammography

25 Questions

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History Of Mammography

This test is for members of the National Association of Mammographers only. Credit will not be given to non members.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      In 1913 what surgeon reported his investigation in which he had used radiography of mastectomy specimens to demonstrate spread of tumor?  
    • A. 

      Steve Goldman

    • B. 

      James Stewart

    • C. 

      James Tidewell

    • D. 

      Albert Solomon

  • 2. 
      In 1930, Stafford Warren reported the use of a __________ technique for in vivo mammography  performed on 119 patients.  
    • A. 

      Stereoscopic

    • B. 

      Doubling

    • C. 

      Stereotactic

    • D. 

      Digital

  • 3. 
       In 1931 __________________ lectured to the Leipzig Medical Society reporting a radiographic classification of benign breast lesions and how they are different from carcinoma.  
    • A. 

      Todd Henry

    • B. 

      Walter Vogel

    • C. 

      James Stephens

    • D. 

      Mary James

  • 4. 
     In the 1950’s Jacob Gershon-Cohen emphasized the importance of high-contrast images obtained ______________.  
    • A. 

      Without screens

    • B. 

      With collimation

    • C. 

      With compression

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
       In 1949, in several Spanish articles, Raul Leborgne of Uruguay reported finding radiographly visible _______________ in 30% of breast cancers.  
    • A. 

      Spiculations

    • B. 

      Fat globules

    • C. 

      Microcalcifications

    • D. 

      Macrocalcifications

  • 6. 
     In a 1951 article, Leborgne described the differences between _________________________.  
    • A. 

      Benign and malignant breast discharge

    • B. 

      Benign and malignant calcifications

    • C. 

      Benign and malignant breast lumps

    • D. 

      Paget's disease of the breast and bone

  • 7. 
      In 1963, the Cancer Control Program sponsored a program at M. D. Anderson Hospital.  They reported the true positive rate for mammography was __________.  
    • A. 

      79%

    • B. 

      32%

    • C. 

      56%

    • D. 

      93%

  • 8. 
      In the 1963 M. D. Anderson meeting it was established that all except .  
    • A. 

      Mammography technique can be learned.

    • B. 

      Mammograms of acceptable quality can be produced

    • C. 

      Mammography can be used to screen asymptomatic women

    • D. 

      Only radiologists can interperet mammograms

  • 9. 
      In the years that followed, the American College of Radiology took the leading role of mammography training through its establishment of _____________.  
    • A. 

      Film screen combinations

    • B. 

      MQSA

    • C. 

      Committee on Mammography

    • D. 

      U.S. Public Health Service

  • 10. 
      In 1963, Gerald Dodd at Jefferson Medical College became probably the first to perform __________.  
    • A. 

      Xeroradiography

    • B. 

      Mastectomy

    • C. 

      Lumpectomy

    • D. 

      Needle localization

  • 11. 
      From 1963—1966 under the auspices of the Health Insurance Plan (HIP) of New York, a five year follow-up showed that compared to a control group the mortality rate was reduced by almost ________ in women who had mammograms
    • A. 

      One half

    • B. 

      One third

    • C. 

      One fourth

    • D. 

      One fifth

  • 12. 
      In the late 1960’s, Philip Strax became the first to develop and operate what?  
    • A. 

      Film screen mammography machine

    • B. 

      Xeromammography machine

    • C. 

      Digital mammography machine

    • D. 

      A self contained mobile mammography unit

  • 13. 
      In 1964 John Wolfe obtained a used xeroradiographic system.  The room that the unit was used in was called the “_______________”.  
    • A. 

      Blue room

    • B. 

      Dark room

    • C. 

      Light room

    • D. 

      Red room

  • 14. 
      In 1971, the first commercial ___________ unit became available.  
    • A. 

      Film screen mammography

    • B. 

      Xeromammography

    • C. 

      Digital

    • D. 

      Processing

  • 15. 
       In 1965, Charles Gros of Strasbourg and CGR Company developed the _____________ the first dedicated mammography unit.
    • A. 

      Kodak Mask

    • B. 

      Mark 1

    • C. 

      MammoQuest

    • D. 

      Senographe

  • 16. 
      The first dedicated mammography unit had a _______ target. 
    • A. 

      Molybdenum

    • B. 

      Technetium

    • C. 

      Tungsten

    • D. 

      Radon

  • 17. 
      H. Stephen Gallager and John Martin stated in their mammography and whole specimen sectioning that __________ of their specimens had a diffuse or multiple origin of carcinoma.
    • A. 

      1/4th

    • B. 

      1/2

    • C. 

      3/4

    • D. 

      100%

  • 18. 
       In 1970, J. L. Price and P.D. Butler experimented with high-definition intensifying screens and industrial film held in intimate contact by _______________________.
    • A. 

      New screen clamps

    • B. 

      Pressure units

    • C. 

      Compression

    • D. 

      Air evacuated polyethylene bags

  • 19. 
      In 1973, DuPont became the first company to market a dedicated ?
    • A. 

      Film screen mammography system

    • B. 

      A "clean" xeromammography system

    • C. 

      Remote foot peddles

    • D. 

      Film ID system

  • 20. 
      In 1977, Edward Sickles and others published their results of an investigation of  _______________ mammography showing its usefulness.
    • A. 

      Xero

    • B. 

      Reverse film

    • C. 

      Magnification

    • D. 

      Double exposure

  • 21. 
      1986, Sickles found that almost _____ of 300 consecutive cancers were detected primarily by indirect signs of malignancy
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      40%

  • 22. 
      Perhaps Sickles most important contribution centers around his efforts to lower _____________ of screening mammography.
    • A. 

      Radiation dose

    • B. 

      Age threshold

    • C. 

      The discomfort

    • D. 

      Costs

  • 23. 
      Dr. Sickles built a mobile mammography van from a 34 foot RV and staffed it with _____________.
    • A. 

      3 radiologists

    • B. 

      2 radiologists

    • C. 

      6 radiologists

    • D. 

      1 radiologist

  • 24. 
       In 1976, Howard Frank and others described the use of ____________ for non-palpable lesions found at mammography.
    • A. 

      Magnification

    • B. 

      Needle hookwire system

    • C. 

      Ultrasound

    • D. 

      Ductography

  • 25. 
      Tabar and colleagues hypothesized that the sensitivy of screening mammography could be increased by?
    • A. 

      A two view examination per breast

    • B. 

      Annual screening of women aged 40-49 years

    • C. 

      Screening women over 50 every two years

    • D. 

      All of the above