Founder of the North American Racing Academy (NARA)
After eighteen years in racing he retired in June 2002
He finished as thoroughbred racing's all-time leader in purse earnings with more than $264 million in winnings.
Won nine Breeders' Cup races, including five Breeders' Cup Classics, and rode six winners in the U.S. Triple Crown Races.
Became a jockey at the age of 7
By Murphy's calculation he won 628 of his 1,412 starts, a 44% winning percentage
He died of a racing accident in 1896
WhenMurphy died in a racing accident in 1896 he was 79 years old
Was involved in a solo drunk-driving car accident on April 8, 1991. The accident left him paralyzed from the neck down.
After retiring as a jockey, he returned to racing as a trainer. He continued to train racehorses until his retirement on Nov. 2, 1997. His final stats as a trainer were 90 wins from 714 starters and earnings of $3.7 million.
Won 4 Triple Crown races during his career, spanning four different decades
Won the Kentucky Derby aboard Swaps (1955), Tomy Lee (1959), Lucky Debonair (1965) and Ferdinand (1986). He won the Preakness Stakes with Candy Spots (1963) and Damascus (1967). He won the Belmont Stakes riding Gallant Man (1957), Sword Dancer (1959), Jaipur (1962), Damascus (1967) and Avatar (1975).
Founder & Creator of Jockey World
Eclipse Award Winner
Inventor & Creator of the Equicizer
Rode in the 1982 Belmont Stakes
Being inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 2003.
Recipient of the George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award.
In 2005, he rode 50–1 long shot Giacomo to victory in the Kentucky Derby.
Earning his apprenticeship at Santa Anita Racetrack.
Is the only person to ever win the Kentucky Derby as both a jockey and trainer
Died on his 96th birthday
Is a founding member of the Jockeys' Guild in 1940
Was called "The Pumper" by his fellow jockeys because of his riding style
In 2000 she became the first woman inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame
She is the first woman jockey to win a Breeders' Cup race
Retired and never returned to racing on April 18, 1999
She is the first female jockey to win a Triple Crown race when she captured the Belmont Stakes aboard Colonial Affair.
He holds the record for the most race wins in North American horse racing history
In the fourth race at Bay Meadows on December 1, 2006, Baze gained a lot more fame by setting the world's all-time record for most career victories, passing jockey Laffit Pincay Jr., by winning race 9,531 aboard Butterfly Belle, owned by Jim Pitzer Sr. of Washington.
After briefly losing the all time lead for career wins to South American jockey Jorge Ricardo (who was diagnosed with cancer) Baze reclaimed the title on May 16, 2009  and continues to hold the record for the most wins by any jockey.
Among other noteworthy accomplishments, during the two days of October 17 and 18, 2007, Baze won eleven races.
He is a four-time winner of the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Jockey
Received the George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award in 1985
He is the only jockey to have ridden at least one mount in each of the first 20 Breeders' Cups
In 1989, he set a North American record when he won eight of nine mounts in a single day at Arlington Park.
He and Eddie Arcaro are the only two jockeys to ever win the Kentucky Derby five times.
After he retired as a jockey, Hartack worked off-and-on for the rest of his life as a valet for many racetracks.
He was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1959 at the early age of 27.
During his riding career between 1953 and 1974 in the United States, Hartack rode 4,272 winners in 21,535 mounts. A career winning percentage of nearly 20%.