History Final! (the 4 Quizzes)

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History Quizzes & Trivia

To prepare for Gray's US history final. Hoo ra. Q's 1-15 = Quiz 1: First English Colonies Q's 16-35 = Quiz 2: British Colonies in America T/F Q's 35-57 = Quiz 3: The First Presidency Q's 58-79 = Quiz 4: US Foreign Policy; Presidents Adams and Jefferson


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Pennsylvania

    • B. 

      Connecticut

    • C. 

      New Hampshire

    • D. 

      Massachusetts

    • E. 

      Rhode Island

  • 2. 
    The virginia company of england was originally given a royal grant to settle in the New World because:
    • A. 

      It would promote Christianity

    • B. 

      It would make war on the Spanish and French

    • C. 

      It would provide a haven for Catholics

    • D. 

      It would produce profits for its shareholders and the king

    • E. 

      It would locate trading ports in Asia

  • 3. 
    The Company's royal grant was an example of:
    • A. 

      Free trade capitalism

    • B. 

      Mercantilism

    • C. 

      Monetarism

    • D. 

      Bullionism

    • E. 

      Industrial imperialism

  • 4. 
    During the early settlement of Jamestown
    • A. 

      Gold was discovered

    • B. 

      Most Natives were Christianized

    • C. 

      The death rate among the colonists was high

    • D. 

      Religious freedom was offered to all settlers

    • E. 

      The colony immediately became wealthy

  • 5. 
    The headright system of the virginia Company
    • A. 

      Provided fifty acres of land to any person who brought a laborer to Virginia

    • B. 

      Provided free slaves or indentured servants to those who wanted them

    • C. 

      Provided fifty acres of land to any person upon their arrival in Virginia

    • D. 

      Provided seven-year indentures for Africans

    • E. 

      Provided membership in the House of Burgesses

  • 6. 
    Colonial practices that would later be recognized as fundamental to the creation of the United States included all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The Maryland Act of Toleration

    • B. 

      The House of Burgesses

    • C. 

      13 separate colonial governments

    • D. 

      Resistance to the Navigation Acts

    • E. 

      Established churches

  • 7. 
    Bacon's Rebellion was significant because it revealed
    • A. 

      The impact of black slavery on colonial society

    • B. 

      The divide between wealthy Virginia "aristocrats" and poorer back country farmers

    • C. 

      The peaceful relations between white Virginians and the Natives

    • D. 

      The revolutionary effect of Protestant religious movements

    • E. 

      The success of mercantilism in creating economic prosperity in Virginia

  • 8. 
    Maryland:
    • A. 

      Was created as a place for Catholics to worship freely

    • B. 

      Was a Puritan colony

    • C. 

      Was founded by Quakers

    • D. 

      Tried to unite with Virginia

    • E. 

      Did not permit slavery

  • 9. 
    Virginia became a colony with few cities and spread out settlements becaosue of:
    • A. 

      Royal orders

    • B. 

      The fear of Spanish attack

    • C. 

      The success of large tobacco farms

    • D. 

      The absence of rivers

    • E. 

      Nathaniel Bacon

  • 10. 
    1619 was a date important in virginia's history because
    • A. 

      Maryland was founded

    • B. 

      The headright system began

    • C. 

      The capital was moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg

    • D. 

      The first royal governor arrived

    • E. 

      The first African laborers arrived

  • 11. 
    In the Seventeenth Century, members of the Church of England (Anglican) were:
    • A. 

      Both Christian and Catholic

    • B. 

      Both Puritan and Protestant

    • C. 

      Both Quaker and Christian

    • D. 

      Both Protestant and Christian

    • E. 

      Both Catholic and Quaker

  • 12. 
    John rolfe is a famous figure in the history of colonial Virginia because he:
    • A. 

      Was saved from death by Pocahontas

    • B. 

      Developed tobacco as a successful crop

    • C. 

      Wrote an important book advertising the benefits of Virginia

    • D. 

      Participated in Bacon's Rebellion

    • E. 

      Urged the construction of the first church in Jamestown

  • 13. 
    Virginia's economy and society was imitated in all of the other Southern colonies in teh following ways EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A reliance on slave labor

    • B. 

      Dependence on the export of staple crops such as tobacco

    • C. 

      A society dominated by owners of many slaves and large landholdings

    • D. 

      Large and diverse cities

    • E. 

      Continued conflict between settlers and Natives

  • 14. 
    Georgia was founded in 1733
    • A. 

      As an experimental prisoners' colony

    • B. 

      By Catholics

    • C. 

      By Virginians

    • D. 

      By the Spanish

    • E. 

      By the Church of England as a "City on a Hill"

  • 15. 
    All of the original 13 colonies 
    • A. 

      Were started for profit

    • B. 

      Were organized by military leaders

    • C. 

      Relied on seaports for trade with England

    • D. 

      Experienced invasions by the Spanish

    • E. 

      Experienced revolutions such as Nathaniel Bacon's

  • 16. 
    The Church of England was the officially "established" church in Virginia and Connecticut
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The Southern colonies all developed an economy based on the export of staple surplus crops
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    (At that time) Two profitable Southern staple crops included tobacco and cotton 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Delaware was established as a haven for Catholics
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The colony of Connecticut was started by the Puritan Thomas Hooker
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    The "Pilgrim" colony of Plymouth, Mass. was led by John Winthrop
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The colony of New Hampshire was a Puritan colony
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The founder of Rhode Island, Roger Williams, was a Puritan minister
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The main cash crop of Pennsylvania and New York was grain
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    The main source of income for the New England colonies was shipping and trading
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    A staple crop that emerged as a money maker for some Southern colonies was indigo
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    The Duke of York founded the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Powerful landowners in the Hudson valley were called by the Dutch name "patroon" 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Farming was economically least successful in New England
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    All of the colonies made money in producing naval stores
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    The Church of England was the most widely established denomination in the British colonies
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    Three of the colonies had no established religion
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    John Winthrop was the leader of the colonizers known as the Massachusetts Bay Company
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Slavery was outlawed for religious reasons in Quaker Pennsylvania
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    George Washington was the only president to:
    • A. 

      Serve only two terms

    • B. 

      Hold a military office while being president

    • C. 

      Be chosen by a unanimous vote of the Electoral College

    • D. 

      Select his vice-president

    • E. 

      Run for re-election

  • 37. 
    George Washington was inaugurated as president in 
    • A. 

      1791

    • B. 

      1790

    • C. 

      1788

    • D. 

      1789

    • E. 

      1799

  • 38. 
    As president, Washington believed that he, the chief executive of a new nation, should exhibit:
    • A. 

      An ability to live modestly on a tight budget

    • B. 

      A lifestyle that would be respected by foreign dignitaries

    • C. 

      A passion for military adventures

    • D. 

      Obvious contempt for property-less citizens

    • E. 

      The many advantages of the slave system

  • 39. 
    George Washington was favored for the presidency by most Americans becasue he: 
    • A. 

      Had proven that he did not wish to hold on to positions of power

    • B. 

      Distrusted the new Constitution

    • C. 

      Was a military general who believed in strict discipline

    • D. 

      Promised to carry out Hamilton's financial plan

    • E. 

      Would make the presidency similar to a monarchy

  • 40. 
    The first so-called "cabinet" of the United States government consisted of:
    • A. 

      A Secretary of the Treasury

    • B. 

      The Secretary of State, War, treasury, and the Attorney-General

    • C. 

      The Secretaries of War and State

    • D. 

      The Attorney-general and Secretary of State

    • E. 

      The Secretaries of War, Interior, State, and Treasury

  • 41. 
    Prominent among the first cabinet Secretaries were:
    • A. 

      Thomas Jefferson and John Adams

    • B. 

      John Adams and Alexander Hamilton

    • C. 

      Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr

    • D. 

      John Adams and Adam Smith

    • E. 

      Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

  • 42. 
    Problems facing the nation at the beginning of the 1790's included all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Reduced trade with Britain

    • B. 

      A growing number of slave rebellions

    • C. 

      The government's failure to pay off debts to investors

    • D. 

      Farmers' over-production of alcoholic beverages

    • E. 

      A growing gap between the political interests of merchants and farmers

  • 43. 
    One cause for optimism about the nation at the beginning of the 1790's was:
    • A. 

      Increased military spending

    • B. 

      The creation of a new navy

    • C. 

      Federal spending on roads and bridges

    • D. 

      A rapidly increasing population

    • E. 

      Harmonious relations between slave and free states

  • 44. 
    The first state admitted to the Union after the ratification of the Constitution, the fourteenth state, was:
    • A. 

      Ohio

    • B. 

      Kentucky

    • C. 

      Tennessee

    • D. 

      New Hampshire

    • E. 

      Vermont

  • 45. 
    Politics in new states admitted to the Union after the ratification of the constitution were dominated by:
    • A. 

      Farmers

    • B. 

      Merchants

    • C. 

      Riverboat traders

    • D. 

      Manufacturers

    • E. 

      Missionaries

  • 46. 
    Hamilton's financial plan proposed paying off debts owed to:
    • A. 

      Foreign nations, domestic investors in national bonds, and the state governments

    • B. 

      Foreign nations and state governments

    • C. 

      Domestic investors, trading merchants, and whiskey distillers

    • D. 

      State governments and domestic investors in national bonds

    • E. 

      Foreign nations and tariffs

  • 47. 
    Hamilton's financial plan relied for revenue on:
    • A. 

      A tax on the interstate commerce

    • B. 

      Taxes on banks

    • C. 

      Taxes on whiskey and imports

    • D. 

      Taxes on imports and interstate commerce

    • E. 

      Taxes on whiskey and tobacco

  • 48. 
    Some unscrupulous businessmen took advantage of Hamilton's plan by:
    • A. 

      Distilling rum as a way to take profit from farmers

    • B. 

      Advocating state currencies in place of national money

    • C. 

      Proposing charters for state banks instead of a national bank

    • D. 

      Buying devalued US bonds from unsuspecting owners

    • E. 

      Smuggling goods in defiance of new tariff laws

  • 49. 
    Hamilton's national bank was opposed by thomas Jefferson for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Int expanded the power of the national government

    • B. 

      It restricted foreign trade

    • C. 

      Its constitutional justification was wrong

    • D. 

      It would give financial power to merchants rather than to farmers

    • E. 

      It resembled the Bank of England

  • 50. 
    A "loose construction" of the Constitution was advocated by:
    • A. 

      Alexander Hamilton

    • B. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • C. 

      John Adams

    • D. 

      George Washington

    • E. 

      Henry Knox

  • 51. 
    A "loose construction" of the constitution can be justified by citing
    • A. 

      The prohibition against habeas corpus

    • B. 

      The Tenth Amendment

    • C. 

      The interstate commerce clause

    • D. 

      The "elastic clause"

    • E. 

      The Fifth Amendment

  • 52. 
    A "strict construction" of the Constitution can be justified by citing
    • A. 

      The prohibition against habeas corpus

    • B. 

      The Tenth Amendment

    • C. 

      The interstate commerce clause

    • D. 

      The "elastic clause"

    • E. 

      The Fifth Amendment

  • 53. 
    Hamilton's bank had the unintended consequence of:
    • A. 

      Restricting trade with France

    • B. 

      Raising taxes

    • C. 

      Making president Washington unpopular

    • D. 

      Making Hamilton president

    • E. 

      Dividing political leaders into opposing parties

  • 54. 
    President Washington:
    • A. 

      Retired after one term

    • B. 

      Retired after two terms

    • C. 

      Intended to serve for three terms

    • D. 

      Was restricted by the two-term limit in the Constitution

    • E. 

      Proposed a two-term limit for the vice-president

  • 55. 
    The capital of the United States during Washington's presidency was in:
    • A. 

      Washington, D.C.

    • B. 

      Philadelphia

    • C. 

      New York

    • D. 

      Boston

    • E. 

      Baltimore

  • 56. 
    Negotiations about paying off the states' debts coincidently led to;
    • A. 

      A decision to admit Kentucky as a state

    • B. 

      Congressional acceptance of Hamilton's bank plan

    • C. 

      A decision to locate the federal district in Virginia and Maryland

    • D. 

      A decline in demand for rum in New England

    • E. 

      A decision to endorse gradual emancipation of slaves

  • 57. 
    All US presidents since Washington have:
    • A. 

      Been elected in even-numbered leap years

    • B. 

      Served a maximum of two terms

    • C. 

      Appointed a Secretary of War

    • D. 

      Supported Hamilton's bank

    • E. 

      Been inaugurated in even-numbered leap years

  • 58. 
    The first foreign policy crisis confronting Washington's new government was:
    • A. 

      The Alien and Sedition Acts

    • B. 

      The Embargo

    • C. 

      The Quasi-War with France

    • D. 

      The French Revolution

    • E. 

      The rise of an opposition party

  • 59. 
    President Washington's immediate response to this crisis was:
    • A. 

      Advocating the construction of a large navy

    • B. 

      A declaration of neutrality

    • C. 

      A tax on whiskey

    • D. 

      Sending financial aid to Britain

    • E. 

      Hamilton's bank proposal

  • 60. 
    Disagreements about US foreign policy during the decade of the 1790's were intensified by:
    • A. 

      Philosophical disagreements between Hamilton and Jefferson

    • B. 

      President Washington's apparent ignorance about foreign affairs

    • C. 

      Meddling by the Supreme Court

    • D. 

      The British and French peace treaty

    • E. 

      The cost of a new US army

  • 61. 
    As a matter of policy, Alexander Hamilton favored:
    • A. 

      Neutrality in all cases

    • B. 

      Expansion of French power

    • C. 

      A limited military

    • D. 

      A careful assessment of US national interests

    • E. 

      A peaceful world order

  • 62. 
    Hamilton's opinion that the "mass of the people are a great beast" reflects the philosophy of:
    • A. 

      Adam Smith

    • B. 

      John Locke

    • C. 

      Thomas Hobbes

    • D. 

      Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    • E. 

      Thomas Jefferson

  • 63. 
    Jay's Treaty outraged Americans because:
    • A. 

      It favored France

    • B. 

      It decreased the size of the US navy

    • C. 

      It granted new territory to Canada

    • D. 

      It committed the US to fight with Spain

    • E. 

      It agreed to too many British demands

  • 64. 
    The XYZ Affair outraged Americans because:
    • A. 

      The French government insulted American diplomats

    • B. 

      The French government declared its intention to seize American ships

    • C. 

      The French government had suppressed the revolution in Haiti

    • D. 

      The British government insulted American diplomats

    • E. 

      The British government had begun impressments

  • 65. 
    The "Quasi-War" was;
    • A. 

      An undeclared war with France about ship seizures

    • B. 

      A declared war with Britain about ship seizures

    • C. 

      An undeclared war with Britain because of the Embargo

    • D. 

      A declared war against France because of Caribbean blokcades

    • E. 

      An undeclared war in the Caribbean islands against britain and France

  • 66. 
    Federalist Party leaders in 1798 feared Jefferson's presidential victory in 1800 because:
    • A. 

      They had no candidate

    • B. 

      President Adams was pushing for war with France

    • C. 

      Jefferson had promised a war with Britain

    • D. 

      They feared Jefferson would undo the existing system of government

    • E. 

      They objected to his planned Embargo

  • 67. 
    The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798 I. lengthened the time required for immigrants to become citizens II. were an attempt to diminish the power of the republican party III. made it a criminal offence to criticize the president and the Congress IV. were a direct reaction to the XYZ Affair
    • A. 

      I and II only

    • B. 

      I, II, and III only

    • C. 

      I, II, and IV only

    • D. 

      I and IV only

    • E. 

      I, II, III, and IV

  • 68. 
    One response to the Alien and Sedition Acts was
    • A. 

      The Embargo

    • B. 

      A boycott of British goods

    • C. 

      Nullification by two states

    • D. 

      A neutrality declaration

    • E. 

      Increased immigration

  • 69. 
    President Adams put country before party when he:
    • A. 

      Initiated a peaceful settlement of the Quasi-War

    • B. 

      Ended the Embargo

    • C. 

      Vetoed the Alien and Sedition Acts

    • D. 

      Refused to run for a third term

    • E. 

      Increased immigration

  • 70. 
    The presidential election of 1800 was significant for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      President Adams became the first one-term president

    • B. 

      The party in power peacefully handed over government to an opposing party

    • C. 

      Jefferson's party showed its growing strength

    • D. 

      The presidential election was decided in the House of Representatives

    • E. 

      The election was resolved by a duel between Hamilton and Jefferson

  • 71. 
    After the election of 1800, president Adams and members of Congress took the unusual step of:
    • A. 

      Officially recognizing the revolutionary Haitian government

    • B. 

      Providing funding to New England shippers affected by the Embargo

    • C. 

      Appointing many party members as federal judges to keep them in power

    • D. 

      Authorizing the US navy to impress British sailors

    • E. 

      Passing a federal law against dueling

  • 72. 
    Chief Justice John Marshall's decision in Marbury v. Madison did all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Provided for more federal judges and inferior courts

    • B. 

      Used a judicial power implied, but not stated, in the Constitution

    • C. 

      Was the first use of judicial review to invalidate a federal law

    • D. 

      Said that William Marbury was legally entitled to his appointment

    • E. 

      Stated that the Supreme Court had no power to enforce its decision

  • 73. 
    Despite his dislike of the new Navy, Jefferson used it to subdue the barbary pirates because:
    • A. 

      He found he enjoyed making war against Islamic peoples (jeez, Gray)

    • B. 

      He believed that commerce should be free for all nations

    • C. 

      He was urged to do so by wealthy traders in the Federalist party

    • D. 

      He wanted to gain votes in the new western states

    • E. 

      He wanted to prove he was better than president Adams

  • 74. 
    One reason Napolean Bonaparte decided to sell the Louisiana territory to the US was:
    • A. 

      The outbreak of an Indian war in Canada

    • B. 

      A successful slave rebellion in Haiti

    • C. 

      British offers to end war

    • D. 

      A successful revolution by US citizens in New Orleans

    • E. 

      The Quasi-War

  • 75. 
    • A. 

      Toussaint L'Ouverture -- The XYZ Affair

    • B. 

      Thomas Jefferson -- Jay's Treaty

    • C. 

      Alexander Hamilton -- Haitian Revolution

    • D. 

      John Adams -- Sale of the Louisiana Territory

    • E. 

      Aaron Burr -- Duel with Alexander Hamilton

  • 76. 
    Jefforson's proposed purchase of Louisiana was opposed by Federalists becasue:
    • A. 

      They objected to the high price

    • B. 

      They had negotiated a separate purchase that was not yet completed

    • C. 

      John Adams was against any negotiations with Napoleon Bonaparte

    • D. 

      British diplomats voiced strong objections to the deal

    • E. 

      It implied the growth of new states dominated by Jeffersonians

  • 77. 
    • A. 

      It caused a major expansion of trade

    • B. 

      It was strongly supported in New England

    • C. 

      It made Jefferson popular

    • D. 

      It convinced the British to stop impressing US sailors

    • E. 

      It was not entirely successful

  • 78. 
    • A. 

      George Washington -- 1788

    • B. 

      Thomas Jefferson -- 1800

    • C. 

      John Adams -- 1799

    • D. 

      James Madison -- 1808

    • E. 

      George Washington -- 1798

  • 79. 
    Thomas Jefferson's view of internation relations was based on the notion that:
    • A. 

      Most people in the world, if given the chance, will seek peaceful solutions

    • B. 

      Most wars are caused by democracies

    • C. 

      Human nature is essentially violent and selfish

    • D. 

      A powerful government is better than a weak one

    • E. 

      Military preparedness helps to prevent wars