History Of Architecture Final Exam Review

35 Questions

Architecture Exam Quizzes & Trivia

This is Megan's personal exam review for my history of architecture class. I have combined all my past tests.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Like the typical ___ temple, the typical roman temple sits on a podium and is symmetricallt organized along a central __
  • 2. 
    A ____ is the uppermost, projecting portion of an entablature, also crowning horizontal molding of a building or wall.
  • 3. 
    ___ is the search for, and the study of, historical artifacts.
  • 4. 
    The ____, the ______, and the _____ were the three kinds of tombs built in abundance by Northern europeans and the neolithic age.
  • 5. 
    Earthen mounds covering prehistoric tombs were called, ____.
  • 6. 
    ____ was the world's first recorded architect.
  • 7. 
    Pyramids were built in ___ Kingdom period of egyptian history and exclusively in ___ egypt. 
  • 8. 
    It was King ___ who united upper and lower ____ into a single Kingdom. He was entombed under a mastaba in the royal ___ located at saqqara.
  • 9. 
    All mastabas were built with ___ doors for the access of these spirits/souls
  • 10. 
    All ____ structures built in ancient egypt were surrounded by ___ walls.
  • 11. 
    Amongst the most impressive engineering achievements of the ancient egyptians was the mining, carving and erecting of the monolithic ____.
  • 12. 
    After death, pharaoh would be entombed deep within the earth, his body would have been carefully prepared, wrapped in linen, encased in a decorated casket, placed in a stone ____, and sealed up within an elaborate tomb. 
  • 13. 
    The new kingdom ____, Akenaten, was the world first monotheist.
  • 14. 
    Structures built with large stones are called ____.
  • 15. 
    When you support a beam with posts or columns then you are using a ___ system of construction. 
  • 16. 
    The ___ had no mature architectural expression of their own, they borrowed from other cultures. 
  • 17. 
    Persian architecture is referred to as ___
  • 18. 
    ___ is greek for between the rivers. The particular rivers in question are the Tigris and the ____ they flow southeast and empty into the ____
  • 19. 
    The nile river flows nothward into the ____.
  • 20. 
    According to Virtruvius, for a building to be considered a piece of architecture it must have three qualities, ___, ___, and ___.
  • 21. 
    Amongst Agean civilizations, the Minoans built apalaces and the Mycenaens built ___.
  • 22. 
    In the ancient agean and greek periods, megalithic walls were referred to as ___ walls.
  • 23. 
    According to Minoan legend, it was the princess Europa and the God Zeus who populated the island of ___
  • 24. 
    Amateur German archeologist, Heinrich Schliemann found the legendary city citadel of __
  • 25. 
    The greeks were the last of the ___ builders.
  • 26. 
    The typical independent Greek city-state, called a ____ had a high city called an ___ and a governmental/commercial center called an ____
  • 27. 
    The greeks developed a sophisticated architectual language, vocabulary and grammar based on the three orders: __, __ and ___.
  • 28. 
  • 29. 
    ___ were built by ancient romans to transport water over great distances. two other types of Roman Infrastructure were __ and ___.
  • 30. 
    Etruscan architecture is identified as either sepulchral or ____.
  • 31. 
    ___ is a volcano near Pompeii, responsible for the city's destruction in the 1st century AD
  • 32. 
    The ___ and the decumanus were the main cross streets dividing the Roman Castrum type town.
  • 33. 
    The romans considered the __ to be their artistic superiors.
  • 34. 
    When columns surround a temple it is peripeteral, when columns surround a typical roman temple and the exterior walls of the cella are surfaced with pilasters or half coumns, the temple is described as ___-____
  • 35. 
    The Romans used the Greek column orders ___ ___ and corynthian. They also used another type of column learned from the etruscans, the ___ column.