History 370: Final Exam- Everyone Take This

40 Questions

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History Quizzes & Trivia

This is part one of the final exam. Everyone should take this portion of the exam. When deciding on an answer, remember to look for the answer that is most correct. There may be multiple answers that seem appropriate. Do your best to choose the most appropriate answer. Please note: some questions have options such as "two of these" or "all of these". They may appear at the beginning, middle, or end of a list of options. Please read all of the possible options and pay particular attention when considering those questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following DID NOT play a major role in the development of the Atlantic World?  
    • A. 

      European tea consumption

    • B. 

      Middle Passage

    • C. 

      New England Fishing

    • D. 

      Factory

    • E. 

      None of These

    • F. 

      All of the These

  • 2. 
    For David R. Roediger, the "possessive investment in whiteness" is important for understanding:
    • A. 

      The unequal distribution of wealth among different races in colonial America

    • B. 

      How race was one of the earliest categories of difference that helped the first European colonizers

    • C. 

      The transformation of racial identity into something one could own

    • D. 

      The development of "whiteness" in the Spanish colonies

    • E. 

      Two of these

    • F. 

      None of these

  • 3. 
    According to Nancy Shoemaker, Indians of the Southest in the American Colonies may have referred to themselves as "red" because:
    • A. 

      According to their symbolism, it seemed logical to be "red" if colonizers were going to be "white"

    • B. 

      They felt pride in their skin color and heritage

    • C. 

      There were origin stories about certain tribes that claimed they came from red clay

    • D. 

      They were attempting to reclaim a racial slur used by white men they encountered

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 4. 
    According to Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker, piracy was at its height in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. However, by the mid-1700s, it had been greatly limited through the efforts of European rulers. According to the authors, what motivated these efforts?
    • A. 

      Piracy was a trade based on illegal and criminal behavior that threatened law and order in Europe

    • B. 

      Pirates threatened the order in the Atlantic system of capitalism

    • C. 

      Pirates were formidable competition in the growing slave trade

    • D. 

      Pirates dominated trade in the Atlantic

    • E. 

      None of these

    • F. 

      All of these

  • 5. 
    According to Peter Linebaugh and Marcus Rediker, the New York Conspiracy of 1741 was fueled by labor, ideals, and identities developed in the Atlantic World. Which of the following WAS NOT a contributing factor in the conspiracy:
    • A. 

      Hydrarchy

    • B. 

      Waterfront Laborers

    • C. 

      The Great Awakening

    • D. 

      Maroons

    • E. 

      Plantation Workers

    • F. 

      Two of these were not factors

    • G. 

      All of these are factors

  • 6. 
    The Kongolese were most important in which of the following revolts:
    • A. 

      The Haitian Revolution

    • B. 

      The Amistad Rebellion

    • C. 

      The Quechan Rebellion

    • D. 

      The Stono Rebellion

    • E. 

      The Glorious Revolution

  • 7. 
    According to John K. Thornton, Christianity was a key factor in the Stono Rebellion because enslaved Africans united in their rejection of Christianity in favor of more traditional African religions.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    The development of a uniquely "American" identity was informed by a variety of social and cultural transformations that took place during the 18th century. In what way did the rise of manufacturing and production in Britain contribute to a sense of "American" identity, according to Historian T.H. Breen?
    • A. 

      American colonists were able to produce their own goods and thus compete with those made in Britain

    • B. 

      Americans refused to consume British goods as a way to promote local business

    • C. 

      Americans participated in a consumer culture that allowed them to develop a shared language based on material goods

    • D. 

      Americans were deeply invested in being thought of as British but because of prejudice among Britons were forced to imagine their own identity

    • E. 

      Colonists were able to purchase more goods at cheaper prices, which increased their relative wealth in relation to British citizens in the metropole

    • F. 

      Three of these are correct

  • 9. 
    Gary B. Nash suggests that an urban political culture developed in the first part of the 18th century in cities like Boston, New York, and Philadelphia. This development, he argues, was a major political transformation that paved the way for American Revolution at the end of the century. Which of the following was NOT a factor that Nash discussed in the development of this new political culture?
    • A. 

      Printing Press

    • B. 

      British Goods

    • C. 

      Churches

    • D. 

      Political Clubs

    • E. 

      Mob Violence

  • 10. 
    Which of the following best exemplifies the concept of pluralism?
    • A. 

      Pennsylvania after 1750

    • B. 

      Virginia between 1650 and 1750

    • C. 

      Carolina during the 18th century

    • D. 

      New England in the mid 17th century

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 11. 
    Which of the following laws, passed during the Colonial American period, can be said to best represent a precursor to the more modern conception of the United States as a diverse, "melting pot"? 
    • A. 

      Act for the More Effectual Suppression of Piracy

    • B. 

      Navigation Acts

    • C. 

      Plantation Act

    • D. 

      Bourbon Reforms

    • E. 

      Stamp Act

    • F. 

      Two of these

  • 12. 
    Which of the following laws, passed during the Colonial American period, has been said to be the basis for centuries of British wealth and Atlantic power?
    • A. 

      Act for the More Effectual Suppression of Piracy

    • B. 

      Navigation Acts

    • C. 

      Plantation Act

    • D. 

      Bourbon Reforms

    • E. 

      Stamp Act

    • F. 

      Two of these

  • 13. 
    Why have some argued that the term "Glorious Revolution" is actually a misnomer?
    • A. 

      Because during the course of the revolution over 100,000 soldiers and civilians lost their lives

    • B. 

      Because the leaders of the revolution were not actually Christians

    • C. 

      Because despite the revolution, King James would not be able to take the throne for another 15 years

    • D. 

      Because the revolution was not an uprising of the peasantry in England but rather led by the bourgeoisie

    • E. 

      Because the revolution was not a spontaneous uprising but a coup led by a foreign military

    • F. 

      None of these

  • 14. 
    Why did support for Jacob Leisler become an expression of ethnic pride and class struggle?
    • A. 

      Because he represented a welcome alternative to English colonial rule by elites

    • B. 

      Because Irish and Scottish resistance to England bolstered new kinds of ethnic identity in the colonies

    • C. 

      Because his supporters were from small rural communities and felt their values and way of life being threatened

    • D. 

      Because he represented the unity between English and Dutch colonists in opposition to the crown

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 15. 
    Who established the Dominion of New England?
    • A. 

      King James II

    • B. 

      William Penn

    • C. 

      Puritan Settlers

    • D. 

      John Winthrop

    • E. 

      William of Orange

    • F. 

      None of these

  • 16. 
    What justification did the Spanish in New Mexico give for the genizaro population among them?
    • A. 

      Despite the fact that they were outsiders, the Spanish needed genizaros to learn how to plant the 'three sisters" crops

    • B. 

      Spanish men were drawn toward genizaros because there was a dearth of available Spanish women in the area

    • C. 

      Genizaros would become important contributors to Spanish economy and were therefore necessary

    • D. 

      The Spanish believed they were saving genizaros, both spiritually and physically

    • E. 

      Genizaros had little religious training and needed Spanish influence to become productive members of society

    • F. 

      Three of these

  • 17. 
    The Five Nations Iroquois were the long time enemies of the French in the northeastern part of the American Colonies. As the French moved westward in the 18th century the _______________________ became to the French the Iroquois of the west.
  • 18. 
    Which of the following would NOT be considered part of Alan Taylors era of Imperial Wars and Crisis?
    • A. 

      The Nine Years War

    • B. 

      The War of Austrian Succession

    • C. 

      The War of Spanish Succession

    • D. 

      The Seven Years War

    • E. 

      The French and Indian War

    • F. 

      None of these

  • 19. 
    What is one of the ways in which the Seven Years War paved the way for the American Revolution?
    • A. 

      The Colonists began to prefer French goods to British goods

    • B. 

      Colonists no longer had a shared enemy with the British in Canada

    • C. 

      The Colonists developed new alliances with the French that challenged their allegiance to the British crown

    • D. 

      The British became fed up with the colonists evading laws about taxes and tariffs

    • E. 

      All of these

    • F. 

      Two of these

  • 20. 
    After a 26 year interlude of peace during the period of Imperial Wars and Crisis in the 18th century, the British decided they were ready to challenge their rival European powers, in part to establish primacy in the Atlantic world. The British did so by:
    • A. 

      Aggressively attacking French, Dutch, and Spanish pirates who were taking a massive toll on British trade routes

    • B. 

      Challenging French colonial holds in the West Indies, where their sugar production was producing massive wealth for France

    • C. 

      Attacking Spanish shipping routes because they had recently been the source of so much colonial wealth and power for Spain

    • D. 

      Attacking Spanish shipping routes because they believed Spain was an easier target than the French

    • E. 

      Challenging French colonial holds in the West Indies, because their colonies were weak and could be easily overtaken

    • F. 

      Two of these

  • 21. 
    After the 1763 Treaty of Paris, Europeans divided up much of Colonial North America, despite the fact that Natives had not given up their rights to most of the land. The Treaty resulted in which of the following:
    • A. 

      That Britain would control all areas East of the Mississippi River and France would control what was west.

    • B. 

      That Britain would control all areas East of the Mississippi River and Spain wuld control what was west.

    • C. 

      The British chose to focus on continental colonial pursuits rather than Atlantic commerce.

    • D. 

      The French and Spanish lost much of their land holdings but were able to solidify their hold in the Caribbean

    • E. 

      Two of these

    • F. 

      Three of these

  • 22. 
    Which of the following European colonial powers was MOST invested in colonial holdings to use as a military buffer zone?
    • A. 

      Russians

    • B. 

      Spanish

    • C. 

      French

    • D. 

      Dutch

    • E. 

      English

    • F. 

      None of these

  • 23. 
    In 1693, the British crown terminated the monopoly that the Royal African Company had previously held. What effect did this have?
    • A. 

      It negatively impacted the financial success of wealthy planters in the West Indies and Carolinas

    • B. 

      It decreased the slave trade and thus colonial slave holders turned towards increasing the internal slave trade

    • C. 

      It curtailed the flow of manufactured goods from Africa to the colonies

    • D. 

      It doubled the flow of slaves across the Atlantic

    • E. 

      Two of these

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is an example of the "fiscal-military state"?
    • A. 

      A royal army that answers directly to the crown

    • B. 

      A system in which private companies provide military support to a nation when they are unable to pay for their own military

    • C. 

      Taxpayers funding a professional army and navy that is managed by the state bureaucracy

    • D. 

      A coup in which the government is taken over by military officials

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 25. 
    Who of the following would have values and ideals most similar to the "Old Lights"?
    • A. 

      Radicals

    • B. 

      Evangelicals

    • C. 

      George Whitefield

    • D. 

      Rationalists

    • E. 

      Baptists

    • F. 

      Two of these

  • 26. 
    What is pemmican?
    • A. 

      A type of firearm used by the Spanish colonists in the 15th-18th centuries

    • B. 

      A bundle of sacred objects carried by chiefs in Great Plains villages

    • C. 

      A bird that was hunted and traded by the Apache and Comanche, primarily in the Southwest

    • D. 

      A mixture of dried buffalo meat ground together with wild fruits

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 27. 
    Between 1663 and 1673, the French crown subsidized emigration to Canada in order to compete with the settler colonialism of British colonial America. Which of the following groups of French emigrants came to Canada in a form of indentured servitude?
    • A. 

      Filles du Roi

    • B. 

      Engages

    • C. 

      Habitants

    • D. 

      Seigneurs

    • E. 

      Coureurs du bois

    • F. 

      Three of these

  • 28. 
    By the late 17th and early 18th centuries, French colonists and various groups of Indians in the Upper Country formed a system of alliances based on mutuality and relative equality in power. The term for this type of alliance is: 
    • A. 

      Petite Nation

    • B. 

      Triangular Trade

    • C. 

      Middle Ground

    • D. 

      Gift Exchange

    • E. 

      Metis Alliance

    • F. 

      Two of these

  • 29. 
    The British referred to a 1763 attack on their forts in the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley as "Pontiac's Rebellion". What  is significant about this event?
    • A. 

      This event was in part a result of a new Pan-Indian identity that had developed and that changed the way some Native peoples thought about themselves for centuries to come

    • B. 

      British forces celebrated their ability to put down an attack by such a powerful leader like Pontiac because it was a testament to their new found strength after the French Indian War.

    • C. 

      Pontiac's Rebellion represented the collaborative effort of at least 13 different Indian groups who came together in opposition to a shared enemy

    • D. 

      This event marked one of the final battles in the French Indian War

    • E. 

      Two of these are correct

    • F. 

      None of these are correct

  • 30. 
    By the late 18th century Spanish colonial authorities in New Mexico were attempting various methods to establish supremacy over the Apache, Comanche, and Navajo, who continued to resist such efforts in a variety of ways. Which of these Spanish colonial attempts served as a precursor to the later reservation system adopted by the United States?
    • A. 

      Bourbon Reforms

    • B. 

      Establecimientos de paz

    • C. 

      Oklahoma territory

    • D. 

      Genizaros

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 31. 
    What is significant about the Quechan uprising of 1781?
    • A. 

      It led the Quechan chief, Olleyquotequiebe, to visit Mexico City and receive baptism with a new Christian name, Salvador Palma

    • B. 

      It eliminated Spanish colonists' access to Yuma crossing, with significant impact on future colonial expansion in Alta California

    • C. 

      It forged new alliances between formerly hostile Native groups in Alta California

    • D. 

      It forged new alliances between formerly hostile Native groups in New Mexico

    • E. 

      It represented the last major war fought by the Spanish in the New World

  • 32. 
    Who of the following was NOT a pirate?
    • A. 

      Captain Hook

    • B. 

      Captain Crunch

    • C. 

      Blackbeard

    • D. 

      Captain Sparrow

    • E. 

      Captain Kidd

  • 33. 
    After the Seven Years War, British colonists began to cross the _______________________
  • 34. 
    John Locke is best known as the father Classical Liberalism and the originator of the philosophy that would become famous in the American Declaration of Independence: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. What is lesser known, is that Locke was a shareholder in the Royal African Company and wrote the founding documents for Carolina, which established Carolina as a colony based on the perpetuation of heriditary African slavery.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    According to Alan Taylor, the 1729 _______________________ was Louisiana's equivalent to Opechancanough's 1622 uprising in Virginia and Pope's 1680 rebellion in New Mexico.
  • 36. 
    In 1758 the French built Fort Duquesne on the ruins of Fort Pitt after it had been blown up.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    The 1765  ____________________  Act was implemented in part to help pay for establishing British troops in the colonies after the Seven Years War. This angered British colonists and became one of the key precursors to the American Revolution.
  • 38. 
    In 1688 William of Orange fled to the court of Louis XIV in the midst of the Glorious Revolution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False