Heart Sounds & Disease - For Quiz #8 - Thurs. 8/26

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 25

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Heart Disease Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An abnormal heart sound is called a ___________.
  • 2. 
    Inflammation of the lining of the heart that most often involves the valves is called ________________.
  • 3. 
    An inflammation of the heart muscle is called ________________.
  • 4. 
    Inflammation of the outermost layer of the heart that is characterized by pericardial edema that causes the visceral and parietal pericardium layers to rub together is called ________________.
  • 5. 
    When fluid, pus and blood accumulate in the pericardial sac, it is called ____________  _____________.
  • 6. 
    A pericardial effusion that fills up too quickly not allowing for the heart to compensate in time is called ____________  _____________.
  • 7. 
    Heart disease that was present at birth and usually due to defects in the development of the fetus is called _____________ heart disease.
  • 8. 
    A type of congenital heart disease where there is a hole in the IVS (interventricular septum) is called ____________  _____________  _____________.
  • 9. 
    A congenital disease where a small vessel that connects the pulomonary artery with the aorta in a fetus fails to close after birth.  This is called  ___________  ___________  ___________.
  • 10. 
    A congenital disease where there is a small hole in the IAS (interatrial septum) called the foramen ovale that is present in a fetus but fails to close after birth is called ____________  ____________  ____________.
  • 11. 
    The opening or hole in the septum between the atria causes an "ASD"            ( ___________  ___________  ____________).**What does it stand for?
  • 12. 
    A congenital disease where there is localized narrowing of the aortic arch is called ______________ of the Aorta.
  • 13. 
    When valves become thickened and fibrotic leading to a decreased opening of the valve, it is referred to as ____________ valves.
  • 14. 
    An inflammatory disease that may develop after a strep infection where the cardiac valves become inflamed.  It results in stenosis or other deformities of the valves, chordae or myocardium.  This is called _______________ heart disease.  It most commonly affects the mitral valve.
  • 15. 
    The treatment for a damaged valve from stenosis or endocarditis is a __________  ________________.
  • 16. 
    CAD is an abbreviation of...
  • 17. 
    A coronary artery disease where artery walls progressively become thickened and hardened as a result of plaque formation on the intima of the vessel wall is called __________________.
  • 18. 
    Lack of oxygen and nutrients to the heart wall is called ____________  ____________.
  • 19. 
    _____________ is a lack of blood supply to the areas fed by arteries.
  • 20. 
    Death to the myocardium is called ____________  _____________.
  • 21. 
    The medical term for a heart attack is....
  • 22. 
    A  coronary  _____________ occurs when plaque builds up on the vessel wall and a piece ruptures causing the formation of a blood clot.
  • 23. 
    A coronary ____________ is a blood clot or piece of plaque that has broken off and traveling, occluding a smaller coronary artery.
  • 24. 
    Chest pain that occurs when the myocardium does not receive an adequate supply of oxygen.  It is usually a warning sign of a problem.  This is called ___________  ___________.
  • 25. 
    In a coronary artery ___________, a section of an artery is replaced by a superficial vein (usually from the leg) and grafted to the occluded artery.
  • 26. 
    This procedure involves using a catheter with a balloon guided by fluoroscopy.  The balloon is inflated to break up the blockage in the coronary artery.  A small tube called a stent may be inserted in the vessel to keep it open.
  • 27. 
    __________  ___________ is the inability of the heart to pump enough blood to sustain life and can be right-sided or left-sided.
  • 28. 
    __________  __________  __________  ___________ is caused by blood backing up into the pulmonary system, due to failure of the left heart to pump blood efficiently.
  • 29. 
    The condition where lung disorders that affect normal pulmonary blood flow thus overloading the right heart is called ___________  ____________.
  • 30. 
    This disease is also called congestive heart failure (CHF) and is most often caused by a MI from coronary artery disease.