Health Services Administration Final

47 Questions

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Health Services Administration Final

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    For the manager of a public health program, "Am I doing the right things?" refers to
    • A. 

      Efficiency of a program

    • B. 

      Appropriateness of program goals

    • C. 

      Performance of activities and achievement of process objectives

    • D. 

      Achievement of impact and outcome objectives

  • 2. 
    What are the 4 P's of Marketing?
  • 3. 
    Another P:  ____:  important because they contribute resources and expertise and promote the credibility of the marketing effort.
  • 4. 
    Which of these BEST characterize an outcome objective?
    • A. 

      Short term, describes use of program resources

    • B. 

      Short term, related to contributing factors

    • C. 

      Intermediate term, related to determinants

    • D. 

      Long term, related to the health problem

  • 5. 
    Within 5 years, cancer deaths from endometrial cancer will decrease by 25%" is an example of:
    • A. 

      Process objective

    • B. 

      Behavioral objective

    • C. 

      Learning objective

    • D. 

      Outcome objective

  • 6. 
    Which of these questions is BEST answered by an intervention's EFFICACY?
    • A. 

      Does the intervention work under ideal circumstances?

    • B. 

      Does the intervention work

    • C. 

      Is the intervention efficient?

    • D. 

      Is the intervention cost-effective?

  • 7. 
    When writing objectives, it is important to remember that they:
    • A. 

      Can have numerous indicators

    • B. 

      Need to be clear, concise statements

    • C. 

      Should include resource requirements

    • D. 

      Do not need to be measurable

  • 8. 
    One of the first steps in designing a health program is:
    • A. 

      Writing process objectives

    • B. 

      Developing a work plan

    • C. 

      Establishing a budget

    • D. 

      Developing a problem statement

  • 9. 
    The non-equivalent comparison group design provides more valid evaluation results than the one-group pretest and posttest design.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    High blood pressure control and screenings are examples of:
    • A. 

      Health protection

    • B. 

      Clinical preventative services

    • C. 

      Population public-health services

    • D. 

      Treatment services

  • 11. 
    Evaluation results can lead to:
    • A. 

      Re-tooling the program

    • B. 

      Widely disseminating the program

    • C. 

      Discontinuing the program

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    Evidence-based interventions are programs or policies that have been implemented, evaluated, and found effective.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Challenges facing public health communication include:
    • A. 

      Low health literacy

    • B. 

      The digital divide

    • C. 

      The transparent nature of many public health activities

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    The number of American adults who have trouble understanding health information has been estimated to be about:
    • A. 

      60 million

    • B. 

      90 million

    • C. 

      120 million

    • D. 

      160 million

  • 15. 
    Audience segmentation:
    • A. 

      Sends the same message through the same channel to the general public

    • B. 

      Tailors media and messages to better reach underserved populations

    • C. 

      Merges smaller, more homogenous audiences into a larger group

    • D. 

      Widens information gaps among population groups

  • 16. 
    An appropriate channel to communicate information during a Hurricane emergency is
    • A. 

      Community meeting

    • B. 

      Scientific journal

    • C. 

      News media

    • D. 

      Newsletter

  • 17. 
    By 2020, the target proportion of persons with access to the Internet is:
    • A. 

      55%

    • B. 

      65%

    • C. 

      75%

    • D. 

      85%

  • 18. 
    Closing the gap in health literacy is critical for improving equity and reducing health disparities.  The following activity(ies) promote health literacy:
    • A. 

      Print materials written at the 10th grade level or above

    • B. 

      Community-based programs to improve skills for low-literacy individuals

    • C. 

      Print materials written in the English language only

    • D. 

      Print materials that use scientific terminology to explain risky behaviors

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Public health communication can:
    • A. 

      Contribute to the success of community partnerships

    • B. 

      Raise awareness of risky behaviors

    • C. 

      Help manage emergencies, such as disasters and epidemics

    • D. 

      Increase employee morale and operational efficiency

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    The following is NOT a principle of effective communication:
    • A. 

      Simple and short messages

    • B. 

      Listening to the community

    • C. 

      Delivering messages through a single medium

    • D. 

      Using community-based values and traditions in developing communication

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    Example(s) of services that require publicity and outreach to ensure appropriate utilization include:
    • A. 

      Immunizations

    • B. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    • C. 

      Family planning

    • D. 

      Bariatric surgery

    • E. 

      A and C

    • F. 

      All of the above

  • 22. 
    You are writing a press release to announce the launching of a new hospital.  You should avoid the following:
    • A. 

      Having a powerful headline

    • B. 

      Providing contact for a contact person

    • C. 

      Using exclamation points to attract attention of the readers

    • D. 

      Keeping the article short and honest

  • 23. 
    Another P:  ______:  important becuase they 1.  mandate certain behaviors or 2.  facilitate individual behavior change
  • 24. 
    What are the 4 stages of marketing in order?
  • 25. 
    Apathy, power, social stigman, legitimacy, and trust are all problems in public health law.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Public health is based on which form of justice?
    • A. 

      Market justice

    • B. 

      Social justice

    • C. 

      Judicial justice

    • D. 

      Individual justice

  • 27. 
    Which lifestyle factors cause the most preventable deaths in the United States?
    • A. 

      Tobacco

    • B. 

      Obesity

    • C. 

      Substance abuse and tobacco

    • D. 

      Tobacco and obesity

  • 28. 
    Which of the following was in the top five causes of death in both 1900 and 2000?
    • A. 

      Tuberculosis

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Accidents

    • D. 

      Heart disease

  • 29. 
    Which of the following is one of the overarching goals of Healthy People 2010?
    • A. 

      Increase access to preventive services

    • B. 

      Increase immunization rates for all ages

    • C. 

      Reduce deaths from heart disease and cancer

    • D. 

      Eliminate health disparities

  • 30. 
    The overarching determinant of health status (that affects almost all other determinants) is
    • A. 

      Socioeconomic status

    • B. 

      Genetics

    • C. 

      Availability of health care services

    • D. 

      Individual behaviors

  • 31. 
    At any point in time, ALL people need the following service:
    • A. 

      Primary care

    • B. 

      Secondary medical care

    • C. 

      Population based public health services

    • D. 

      Tertiary medical care

  • 32. 
    The 3 core functions of public health are best described as:
    • A. 

      Investigating, forming coalitions, and developing programs

    • B. 

      Assessment, policy development, and assurance

    • C. 

      Investigation, policy development, and assurance

    • D. 

      Assessment, education, and service provision

  • 33. 
    The following achievement(s) contributed to the decline in infectious diseases in the 20th century:
    • A. 

      Sanitation and hygiene

    • B. 

      Vaccination

    • C. 

      Discovery and use of antibiotics

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 34. 
    Compared to White, non-Hispanic Americans, the life expectancy of African Americans is shorter.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    The capacity to carry out the three core functions of public health is known as:
    • A. 

      Public health infrastructure

    • B. 

      Preventative medicine

    • C. 

      Comprehensive healthcare Making sure that community members have access to needed health services

    • D. 

      Developing public health policies

  • 36. 
    The public health delivery system includes:
    • A. 

      Federal health agencies

    • B. 

      State health agencies

    • C. 

      Local departments of health

    • D. 

      Nongovernmental organizations

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 37. 
    Federal authority in public health includes:Developing policy through the legislative process
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    The inspection of meat delivered from New York, NY to Johnson City, TN, is the responsibility of:
    • A. 

      Washington County health department

    • B. 

      NY State Health Department

    • C. 

      Food and Drug Adminstration

    • D. 

      Us department of agriculture

  • 39. 
    Which characteristic applies to the greatest number of state health departments?  Free standing agencies rather than components of larger multi-purpose human services agencies
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The majority of all U.S. local health departments are organized at this level of government: county
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 41. 
    At present, the total level of spending for health and medical care services in the U.S. is closest to:  500 million dollars
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    Federal grants to state governments that are flexible in terms of allowable activities
  • 43. 
    Federal grants to state governments that are flexible in terms of allowable activities
    • A. 

      A senator

    • B. 

      A representative

    • C. 

      Cdc director

    • D. 

      A and b

  • 44. 
    Within the federal budget, most public health programs fall into:
  • 45. 
    What are the steps of the federal budget process:
    • A. 

      1-Congressional Budget Resolution, 2-Appropriations Process, 3-Presidential Budget Request

    • B. 

      1-Appropriations Process, 2-Presidential Budget Request, 3-Congressional Budget Resolution

    • C. 

      1-Presidential Budget Request, 2-Congressional Budget Resolution, 3-Appropriations Process

  • 46. 
    Which of the following Senate committees has jurisdiction over Medicare, Medicaid, and Social Security?
  • 47. 
    Of the following branches of government, which one is responsible for creating, authorizing, and funding health programs at the national level: