Great Depression - Gibson

32 Questions

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Depression Quizzes & Trivia

The Great Depression, stock market crash and dustbowl


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are the causes of the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Stock market crash

    • B. 

      Easy to get credit

    • C. 

      High tariffs

    • D. 

      Low tariffs

    • E. 

      Farm crisis

    • F. 

      Lots and lots of crops

    • G. 

      Uequal wealth distribution

    • H. 

      Herbert Hoover

    • I. 

      Alfred E. Smith

  • 2. 
    Who was the Republican candidate that won the Presidency in 1928?
    • A. 

      Franklin Roosevelt

    • B. 

      Alfred e Smith

    • C. 

      Teddy Roosevelt

    • D. 

      Herbert Hoover

  • 3. 
    If a person pays a small percentage of a stock's price as a down payment, they are ........
    • A. 

      Buying on the cuff

    • B. 

      Buying on the margin

    • C. 

      Buying on the prosper

    • D. 

      Buing on the Hoover

  • 4. 
    What caused the highest tariffs at that time?
    • A. 

      McNary-Haugen tariff Act

    • B. 

      Hoover-Smith tariff Act

    • C. 

      Hawley - Smoot tariff act

    • D. 

      Foreign trade tariff

  • 5. 
    Whiich of the following increased in the 1920s?
    • A. 

      Farner's debts

    • B. 

      Prices and supports

    • C. 

      Foreign demand for U.S. farm products

    • D. 

      Domestic demand for U.S farm products

  • 6. 
    Which was NOT a cause of the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Tariffs on foriegn goods

    • B. 

      Availability of easy credit

    • C. 

      A growing number of homeless people

    • D. 

      Crisis in the farm sector

  • 7. 
    After the stock market crashed, how did President Hoover attemp to help?
    • A. 

      Closing the banks

    • B. 

      Lowering foriegn tariffs

    • C. 

      Funding handouts of food and clothing

    • D. 

      Asking business not to layoff employees

  • 8. 
    Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
    • A. 

      Business and labor leaders who agreed to work together

    • B. 

      Unemployed industrial workers and their families

    • C. 

      Farmers and their families who were forced off their land by the dust storms

    • D. 

      World War I veterans and their families

  • 9. 
    What was the Bonus Army wanting to get by marching on Washington?
    • A. 

      New homes and farms

    • B. 

      A bonus payment from their military service

    • C. 

      Government built industries for jobs

    • D. 

      Reduction in the tariffs

  • 10. 
    Which candidtates ran for president in 1932?
    • A. 

      Herbert Hoover and Alfred E Smith

    • B. 

      Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover

    • C. 

      Calvin Coolidge and Franklin Roosevelt

    • D. 

      Alfred E Smith and Calvin Coolidge

    • E. 

      Herbert Hoover and Franklin Roosevelt

    • F. 

      Frankin Roosevelt and Alfred E Smith

  • 11. 
    What name was given to the men and boys who rode the rails as they searched for work?
    • A. 

      Okies

    • B. 

      Speculators

    • C. 

      Bonus Marvhers

    • D. 

      Hobos

  • 12. 
    Which of the following describes a government system for giving payments or food to the poor?
    • A. 

      Rugged individualism

    • B. 

      Direct relief

    • C. 

      Bonus Army relief

    • D. 

      Price support

  • 13. 
    Black Tuesday was the day that President Herbert Hoover forced the Bonus Army to disband.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    An unintended effect of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff was a substantial decrease in U.S. exports.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Picture: Which cause of the the depression best represents this photograph?
    • A. 

      Tariffs

    • B. 

      Farm Crisis

    • C. 

      Easy Credit

    • D. 

      Unequal wealth

  • 16. 
    Picture: Dust Pneumonia was a leading cause of death dring the Dust Bowl.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Picture: A dust storm so large had effects on ships that were 300 miles out to sea.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Picture: Which of the following was NOT a contributing factor to the dust bowl?
    • A. 

      Drought

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Over fed cattle

    • D. 

      All were factors of the dust bowl

  • 19. 
    Which of the following was not an effect of the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Many children had a poor diet

    • B. 

      Many families became homeless

    • C. 

      Many men became unemployed

    • D. 

      Many people went into farming or opened their own business

  • 20. 
    Which of the following best describes Prsident Hoover's approach to dealiing with the pain and suffering of Americans during the Great Depression?
    • A. 

      Direct relief-giving food and money to the poor who needed it

    • B. 

      Rugged individualism- the belief that you should be responsible for your own well being and if you can't manage, then local charities and churches should kick in

    • C. 

      Price suppports- the government buys excess products and holds them, selling them at a later date fo foreign countries

    • D. 

      Cold heartedness- President Hoover didn't care about the pain and suffering of most Americans during the Great Depression

  • 21. 
    Black Tuesday was the day that:
    • A. 

      President Hoover forced the Bonus Army out of Washington DC

    • B. 

      The day after Thanksgiving

    • C. 

      The day the music died

    • D. 

      The day the stock market crashed 1929

    • E. 

      The day that Hoover was inaugurated President

  • 22. 
    The main purpose of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation was to give emergency help to:
    • A. 

      Business leaders so the could keep their businesses open

    • B. 

      Farmers so they could plant their crops

    • C. 

      Homeowners so that they could afford to pay their mortgages on their homes

    • D. 

      The military so that they could purchase more weapons and ammunition

  • 23. 
    Map: How many states were part of the Dust Bowl?
    • A. 

      5 states

    • B. 

      10 states

    • C. 

      20 states

    • D. 

      25 states

  • 24. 
    Map: Which of the following states suffed the most damage during the Dust Bowl?
    • A. 

      North Dakota

    • B. 

      Minnesota

    • C. 

      Kansas

    • D. 

      Missouri

    • E. 

      Iowa

    • F. 

      California

    • G. 

      Alabama

  • 25. 
    Map: Which map symbol indicated the area covered by the May 1934 dust storm?
    • A. 

      Striped area

    • B. 

      Shaded area

    • C. 

      Solid area

    • D. 

      A dashed line

  • 26. 
    Map: How far did migrants on Route 66 travel from Oklahoma City to Bakersfield, California?
    • A. 

      About 300 miles

    • B. 

      About 600 miles

    • C. 

      About 1200 miles

    • D. 

      About 1800 miles

  • 27. 
    Map Going from east to west on Route 66, what statede did Dust Bowl migrants pass through?
    • A. 

      Oklahoma, New Mexico, Texas, Arizona, California

    • B. 

      Oklahoma, Arizona New Mexico, Texas, California

    • C. 

      Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, California

    • D. 

      Oklahoma, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, California

  • 28. 
    Buying stocks on the chance that you will earn a quick profit without considering the risks is known as:
    • A. 

      Speculation

    • B. 

      Buying in the margin

    • C. 

      Profit-taking

    • D. 

      Living on credit

    • E. 

      All of the above

    • F. 

      None of the above

  • 29. 
    In calling shantytowns, "Hoovervilles" or newspapers,"Hoover Blankets", eating out of the garbage a "Hoover Dinner" people were conveying their:
    • A. 

      Patriotism

    • B. 

      Trust in Hoover

    • C. 

      Disgust in Hoover

    • D. 

      Repect for Hoover

  • 30. 
    Herbert Hoover's approach to the Depression economy was based on a belief in:
    • A. 

      Seperation of church and state

    • B. 

      Direct government relief

    • C. 

      The Ten Commandments

    • D. 

      Rugged individualism

  • 31. 
    Causes of the farming crisis of the 1920's included the fact that:
    • A. 

      Federal price supports of corn and wheat were not effective

    • B. 

      The Dust Bowl took much of the land out of production (it couldn't be used)

    • C. 

      Most people did not own electric refrigerators

    • D. 

      Demand for crops fell after World War I

  • 32. 
    All of the following were important causes of the Great Depression, except
    • A. 

      Both individuals and businesses built up large debts because of easy credit

    • B. 

      Tariffs on foreign imports were lowered

    • C. 

      The federal government did not insure people's baank accounts

    • D. 

      Federal price supports of corn and wheat were not effective