This Is A Final Geology Quiz

132 Questions | Total Attempts: 60

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This Is A Final Geology Quiz

The quiz below is perfect for someone who is undertaking geology. It is designed to help you see how much you understand about the topics we have covered before the final exam. It is the final quiz in the revision series. Why don’t you try it and see if you get the best score and also have an easy time with the exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is NOT a natural material that stores significant amounts of carbon?
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Coal

    • C. 

      Limestones

    • D. 

      Methane hydrates

  • 2. 
    An example of a negative feedback would be global warming due to a rapid increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide that then causes
    • A. 

      Increased release of frozen methane hydrates

    • B. 

      Decrease in growth of forest areas.

    • C. 

      Acceleration of the chemical reactions of weathering.

    • D. 

      Increased evaporation and salinity in the ocean

  • 3. 
    How would the release of frozen methane to the atmosphere influence climate?
    • A. 

      It would cause global cooling

    • B. 

      It would have no effect on climate

    • C. 

      It would cause global warming

    • D. 

      It could either cool or warm the climate depending on other factors

  • 4. 
    Oxygen isotopic composition of ancient sea-water is measured from _____.
    • A. 

      Fossils with calcareous shells

    • B. 

      Bubbles of sea-water trapped in ice

    • C. 

      Air bubbles trapped in the sea water

    • D. 

      Quartz grains deposited on the ocean floor

  • 5. 
    We know that greenhouse warming due to methane hydrate melting has occurred several times in Earth’s history because there is
    • A. 

      Oxygen isotopic excursions recorded in sedimentary materials reflecting influx of abundant 16O

    • B. 

      Oxygen isotopic excursions recorded in sedimentary materials reflecting influx of abundant 18O

    • C. 

      Carbon isotopic excursions recorded in sedimentary materials reflecting influx of abundant 12C

    • D. 

      Carbon isotopic excursions recorded in sedimentary materials reflecting influx of abundant 13C

  • 6. 
    Which is NOT a process that removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Plant growth and burial (without decomposition)

    • B. 

      Metamorphism of limestone

    • C. 

      Dissolution of CO2 in water

    • D. 

      Chemical weathering of rocks on land.

  • 7. 
    One way carbon dioxide is returned to the atmosphere is via ______
    • A. 

      Formation of methane hydrates.

    • B. 

      Volcanic activity.

    • C. 

      Chemical weathering of rocks on land.

    • D. 

      Growth of land plants.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is NOT a proxy from which paleo-temperatures are estimated?
    • A. 

      Oxygen isotope data from calcareous fossils

    • B. 

      Carbon isotopic data from volcanic gas

    • C. 

      Annual ice layer thickness records

    • D. 

      Tree ring data provide growth rates that reflect climate change

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT a phenomenon associated with increased glaciation during ice house climates?
    • A. 

      Decrease in atmospheric CO2

    • B. 

      Global sea level rise

    • C. 

      Increase in ocean salinity

    • D. 

      Increase in 18O/16O of sea water

  • 10. 
    A feature in two different groups of animals or plants of organs serve different functions but have the same ancestral origin is called
    • A. 

      Artificial selection

    • B. 

      Vestigal organs

    • C. 

      Homologous structure

    • D. 

      Artificial organs

    • E. 

      Analagous structure

  • 11. 
    It could be said that natural selection
    • A. 

      Occurs mainly in geographically isolated places, like the Galapagos Islands

    • B. 

      Is the belief that humans evolved from apes

    • C. 

      Takes millions of years to evince change in a biological population

    • D. 

      Parallels the artificial selection by which breeders develop new varieties of plants and animals

  • 12. 
    The angular body shape of a shark and a dolphin is an example of ___.
    • A. 

      Convergent evoltuion

    • B. 

      Adaptive radiation

    • C. 

      Taxonomic grouping

    • D. 

      Genetic mutation

  • 13. 
    The evolution of a new species from an ancestral species is called ______.
    • A. 

      Phylogenetics

    • B. 

      Speciation

    • C. 

      permineralization

    • D. 

      Adaptation

    • E. 

      Natural selection

  • 14. 
    Charles Darwin believed that the process of evolution was _____.
    • A. 

      Gradual, such that the rate of speciation is characterized by incremental change at a slow pace

    • B. 

      Punctuational, such that the rate of speciation is characterized short intervals of rapid change separated by longer intervals of gradual, slower change

    • C. 

      Capable of being reversed so that more primitive forms could make a come back

    • D. 

      Generally causing evolution of animals with progressively larger body size

  • 15. 
    The annihilation of all individuals of a species is called ____.
    • A. 

      An extinction

    • B. 

      A vestigal species

    • C. 

      Survival of the fittest

    • D. 

      An index

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is NOT a typical characteristic of a fossilized exoskeleton?
    • A. 

      Found in sedimentary rocks

    • B. 

      Thousands to millions of years old

    • C. 

      Most abundant in marine sediments

    • D. 

      Represents behavior of the ancient organism

  • 17. 
    The fossil record reveals that the first life on Earth existed __________ years ago
    • A. 

      350,000

    • B. 

      3.5 million

    • C. 

      350 million

    • D. 

      3.5 billion

  • 18. 
    Select the domain below that is one of the two groups of prokaryotes.
    • A. 

      Eurkaria

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Protists

  • 19. 
    Archaea are notable for ____.
    • A. 

      Reproductive cycle entails alternation of generations; a spore-producing generation alternates with one that produces eggs and sperm.

    • B. 

      The presence of a nucleus within their cell.

    • C. 

      Tolerance of extreme environmental conditions, such as extreme heat, acidity and salinity.

    • D. 

      Release enzymes to break down food materials in the external environment and then absorb the food into their cells

  • 20. 
    Coal is a(n) ___________ type of sedimentary rock.
    • A. 

      Clastic

    • B. 

      Organic

    • C. 

      Biochemical

    • D. 

      Detrital

    • E. 

      Chemical

  • 21. 
    A phaneritic igneous rock cooled ___________, and ____________ ground.
    • A. 

      Rapidly, below

    • B. 

      Slowly, below

    • C. 

      Rapidly, above

    • D. 

      Slowly, above

    • E. 

      In 2 stages, above and below

  • 22. 
    Clastic sediment grains that have been transported a great distance tend to be ___________, and _______ sorted.
    • A. 

      Angular, not

    • B. 

      Angular, poorly

    • C. 

      Round, well

    • D. 

      Round, poorly

    • E. 

      Angular, well

  • 23. 
    Flat sedimentary layers are deposited in a sea.  An orogeny uplifts these rocks and tilts them at an angle.  These tilted beds are then eroded for 10's of millions of years.  Later the sea returns, and lays down flat sedimentary beds on top of the eroded tilted ones.  A(n) ____________ has formed.
    • A. 

      Angular unconformity

    • B. 

      Conformity

    • C. 

      Disconformity

    • D. 

      Nonconformity

    • E. 

      Anticonformity

  • 24. 
    Based on this rock cycle chart, which process would occur at #4?
    • A. 

      Addition of heat and pressure

    • B. 

      Weathering, transportation, and deposition

    • C. 

      Cooling and crystallization

    • D. 

      Melting

    • E. 

      Lithification compaction and cementation

  • 25. 
    A mineral has 2000 Uranium-238 atoms. How many Uranium-238 atoms will be left after 3 half-lives (refer to the chart below for assistance):
    • A. 

      2000

    • B. 

      1000

    • C. 

      500

    • D. 

      250

    • E. 

      125

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