Test Your Geology Quiz

81 Questions | Total Attempts: 213

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

The solid part of the earth is called the earth’s crust. This section is where we find rocks and through theology, we get to understand the changes that it undergoes through time. The quiz below is designed to help us see just how attentive you have been in geology class. Give it a shot and come back for more just like it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    All but which of the following distinguish hominids from other hominoids?
    • A. 

      Bipedal manner of locomotion

    • B. 

      Larger brain with internal segments

    • C. 

      Reduced face and canine teeth

    • D. 

      Only are carnivorous eaters

    • E. 

      Use and construction of sophisticated tools

  • 2. 
    The Laramide orogeny is distinctive because
    • A. 

      It only lasted 10 million years

    • B. 

      It affected an area farther inland than most arc orogenies

    • C. 

      It was accompanied by large volume granitic intrusions

    • D. 

      It was accompanied by voluminous volcanism

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    The extinction of dinosaurs was important to the evolution of mammals because
    • A. 

      This opened many new habitats for mammals to move into

    • B. 

      With less competition, mammals were able to diversify

    • C. 

      With new adaptive opportunities, mammals were greatly able to increase in numbers

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    All but which of the following mountain ranges could be considered part of the Alpine chain?
    • A. 

      Urals

    • B. 

      Pyrenees

    • C. 

      Alps

    • D. 

      Atlas

    • E. 

      Apennines

  • 5. 
    All of the following except which are features of primates?
    • A. 

      Increased brain size

    • B. 

      Stereoscopic vision

    • C. 

      Opposable thumb

    • D. 

      Less specialized teeth

    • E. 

      More specialized teeth

  • 6. 
    At the height of the Great Ice Age, the present desert regions of the southwestern United States
    • A. 

      Were covered with continental ice sheets

    • B. 

      Were drier than modern day conditions

    • C. 

      Had large lakes form in intermontane basins

    • D. 

      Were tropical rainforest environments

    • E. 

      Were covered with valley glaciers

  • 7. 
    During the maximum continental glaciation, the crust of Earth
    • A. 

      Was depressed as much as 300 m below modern levels

    • B. 

      Was depressed as much as 300 feet below modern levels

    • C. 

      Rose as much as 130 m above modern levels

    • D. 

      Rose as much as 130 feet above modern levels

    • E. 

      Became partially molten

  • 8. 
    The extinction at the end of the Pleistocene affected
    • A. 

      Only marine organisms

    • B. 

      Terrestrial mammals weighing more than 40 Kg

    • C. 

      Terrestrial mammals weighing less than 40 Kg.

    • D. 

      Marine mammals weighing more than 40 Kg

    • E. 

      All mammal groups equally.

  • 9. 
    During the Early Tertiary, the interior lowlands of the continent were the site of
    • A. 

      Local erosion

    • B. 

      Deposition in marine and terrestrial environments

    • C. 

      Minor volcanism

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    Eastern North America during the Cenozoic can be described as
    • A. 

      An active orogenic belt

    • B. 

      An area of uplift and erosion

    • C. 

      An active volcanic region

    • D. 

      A flat eroded plain

    • E. 

      A major marine basin

  • 11. 
    The abundance of marine diatoms may be related to increased volcanism because
    • A. 

      Volcanic activity resulted in decreased sunlight which affected the growth of all marine phytoplankton except diatoms

    • B. 

      Volcanic activity may have resulted in the increase in silica in seawater

    • C. 

      Increased volcanic activity warmed sea water creating a favorable habitat for diatoms

    • D. 

      Increased volcanism caused cooling of sea water which created optimal conditions for diatom growth

    • E. 

      Increased volcanism created new ecological habitats for diatoms

  • 12. 
    The Himalayas today are
    • A. 

      Volcanically active

    • B. 

      Seismically active

    • C. 

      A place of mountain building

    • D. 

      No longer tectonically active

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 13. 
    The Cascade Mountain Range is formed primarily of
    • A. 

      Basalt lava flows

    • B. 

      Rhyolite calderas

    • C. 

      Andesite stratovolcanoes

    • D. 

      Granite batholiths

    • E. 

      Deformed metamorphic rocks

  • 14. 
    The Himalayan Range formed as a result of
    • A. 

      Oceanic-oceanic plate collision

    • B. 

      Continent-continent transform faulting

    • C. 

      Continent-continent collision

    • D. 

      Continent-continent collision

    • E. 

      Continent-ocean subduction

  • 15. 
    The orogenic event of the North American Cordillera which began in the Late Cretaceous and extended into the Cenozoic is the
    • A. 

      Laramide orogeny

    • B. 

      Sevier orogeny

    • C. 

      Nevadan orogeny

    • D. 

      Antler orogeny

    • E. 

      Appalachian orogeny

  • 16. 
    The Columbia River volcanic field is related to
    • A. 

      Miocene fissure eruptions

    • B. 

      Eocene subduction

    • C. 

      Miocene to Recent mantle plume

    • D. 

      Oligocene extension

    • E. 

      Miocene subduction

  • 17. 
    Ungulates include orders of mammals which are all
    • A. 

      Three-toed

    • B. 

      Hoofed

    • C. 

      Herbivores

    • D. 

      Large

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 18. 
    The present interglacial began about
    • A. 

      150 years ago

    • B. 

      500 years ago

    • C. 

      10,000 years ago

    • D. 

      500,000 years ago

    • E. 

      1.6 million years ago

  • 19. 
    The development of the common features of hominids may have been in response to
    • A. 

      Predators

    • B. 

      Loss of forest habitat

    • C. 

      Loss of grasslands habitat

    • D. 

      Introduction of new plant species

    • E. 

      New sources of food

  • 20. 
    The angle of the subducted slab during the Laramide orogeny was
    • A. 

      Very steep resulting in volcanism near the trench

    • B. 

      Very shallow resulting in volcanism near the trench

    • C. 

      Very steep causing deformation far inland

    • D. 

      Very shallow causing deformation far inland

    • E. 

      Almost vertical

  • 21. 
    The last ice age began about
    • A. 

      150 years ago

    • B. 

      500 years ago

    • C. 

      10,000 years ago

    • D. 

      500,000 years ago

    • E. 

      1.6 million years ago

  • 22. 
    The Columbia River volcanic field can be described as
    • A. 

      Andesitic stratovolcanoes

    • B. 

      Voluminous basalt lava flows

    • C. 

      Voluminous rhyolite tuff eruptions

    • D. 

      Granite batholiths

    • E. 

      Layered mafic intrusions

  • 23. 
    The mammalian fauna of the Pleistocene is characterized by
    • A. 

      Few species

    • B. 

      Gigantism

    • C. 

      Being geographically restricted

    • D. 

      Being basically identical to today

    • E. 

      Being much smaller than today

  • 24. 
    The Early Tertiary sedimentary sequence of the Gulf Coastal Plain is
    • A. 

      A generally transgressive sequence

    • B. 

      A generally regressive sequence

    • C. 

      Completely nonmarine

    • D. 

      Completely eroded away

    • E. 

      Generally missing

  • 25. 
    Formation of basin and range mountains is a result of
    • A. 

      Thrust faulting

    • B. 

      Folding and faulting

    • C. 

      Normal faulting

    • D. 

      Volcanism

    • E. 

      Batholithic intrusions