Geology Unit Test 2

9 Questions | Total Attempts: 49

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Geology Unit Test 2

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The thin layer of water that covers most of Earth’s surface is called the
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Lithosphere

    • D. 

      Hydrosphere

  • 2. 
    In which type of rock are fossils generally found?
    • A. 

      Metamorphic

    • B. 

      Sedimentary

    • C. 

      Igneous

    • D. 

      Volcanic

  • 3. 
    Which statement is true of all rocks?
    • A. 

      Rocks are composed of minerals.

    • B. 

      Rocks are formed in layers.

    • C. 

      Rocks contain fossils.

    • D. 

      Rocks contain organic material.

  • 4. 
    The diagram below shows three stages in the formation of a beach. Which process is mostly responsible for the breaking down of the rock cliff into sand-sized sediment?
    • A. 

      Precipitation

    • B. 

      Folding

    • C. 

      Faulting

    • D. 

      Weathering

  • 5. 
    Base your answers to the following question on the diagram below, which shows a model of Earth’s interior. What information did scientists study in order to develop this model?
    • A. 

      Recordings of earthquake waves

    • B. 

      Fossils found in rocks

    • C. 

      Core samples from seafloor drillings

    • D. 

      Locations of recent volcanic activity

  • 6. 
    The map below shows some geologic features located near the west coast of the United States. The arrows on either side of the fault represent
    • A. 

      The relative movement of air masses

    • B. 

      Rock formations

    • C. 

      The relative movement of tectonic plates

    • D. 

      Volcanic eruptions

  • 7. 
    Which information would probably be most helpful to someone trying to identify a mineral sample?  
    • A. 

      Hardness and streak of the sample

    • B. 

      Color and size of the sample

    • C. 

      Location and mass of the sample

    • D. 

      Shape and texture of the sample

  • 8. 
    The diagram below shows a rock suspended above an overflow container filled with water up to the overflow spout. A graduated cylinder is positioned next to the container to collect water that comes out of the overflow spout What physical property of the rock can be directly determined when the rock is placed in the overflow container?
    • A. 

      Density

    • B. 

      Mass

    • C. 

      Hardness

    • D. 

      Volume

  • 9. 
    Limestone is a sedimentary rock and marble is a metamorphic rock. Even though limestone and marble have the same chemical makeup, they are classi´Čüed as different rocks because they
    • A. 

      Formed at different times

    • B. 

      Formed by different methods

    • C. 

      Took different amounts of time to form

    • D. 

      Were formed from different fossils

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