Geology Exam: Match The Following! Trivia Quiz

103 Questions | Total Attempts: 4520

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Geology Exam: Match The Following! Trivia Quiz

What we have here is a geology exam: match the following! This quiz is perfect for anyone who wants to polish their understanding on some of the basics when it comes to geology. If you are looking for a challenge, be sure to give it a try and see what new information you may learn in the process. All the best and keep a lookout for other quizzes just like it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ___________ forms the relatively cool, brittle plates of plate tectonics.
    • A. 

      Asthenosphere

    • B. 

      Lithosphere

    • C. 

      Astrosphere

    • D. 

      Eosphere

  • 2. 
    A ______ is a well-tested and widely accepted view that best explains certain scientific observations.
    • A. 

      Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalization

    • C. 

      Law

    • D. 

      Theory

  • 3. 
    __________ rocks form by crystallization and consolidation of molten magma.
    • A. 

      Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Indigenous

    • C. 

      Primary

    • D. 

      Igneous

  • 4. 
    _________ rocks always originate at the surface of the solid Earth.
    • A. 

      Secondary

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

    • D. 

      Sedimentary

  • 5. 
    In correct order from the center outward, Earth includes which units?
    • A. 

      Core, inner mantle, outer mantle, crust

    • B. 

      Inner core, outer core, mantle, crust

    • C. 

      Inner core, crust, mantle, hydrosphere

    • D. 

      Core, crust, mantle, hydrosphere

  • 6. 
    The ____ refers to the sum total of all life on Earth.
    • A. 

      Hydrosphere

    • B. 

      Atmosphere

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Asthenosphere

  • 7. 
    ______ is often paraphrased as "the present is the key to the past".
    • A. 

      Biblical prophecy

    • B. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • C. 

      Aristotelian logic

    • D. 

      Catastrophism

  • 8. 
    The composition of the core of the Earth is though to be ___
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Granite

    • C. 

      Peridotite

    • D. 

      Solid iron-nickel alloy

  • 9. 
    The _____ is the thinnest layer of the Earth.
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Outer core

    • C. 

      Mantle

    • D. 

      Inner core

  • 10. 
    Which mineral is composed of silicon dioxide (SiO2)?
    • A. 

      Calcite

    • B. 

      Diamond

    • C. 

      Olivine

    • D. 

      Quartz

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      They contain iron and magnetite, are black in color, and they have metallic lusters.

    • B. 

      The are black to dark-green, silicate minerals containing iron and magnesium.

    • C. 

      They contain magnetite and ferroite and they are clear to light green.

    • D. 

      They are mostly clear, colorless, and rich in the elements magnesium and ferrium.

  • 12. 
    All silicate minerals contain which two elements?
    • A. 

      Iron, silicon

    • B. 

      Silicon, sodium

    • C. 

      Oxygen, carbon

    • D. 

      Silicon, oxygen

  • 13. 
    In which type of chemical bonding are electrons shared between adjacent atoms?
    • A. 

      Ionic

    • B. 

      Subatomic

    • C. 

      Covalent

    • D. 

      Isotopic

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      They are tightly bound to certain atoms and cannot readily move

    • B. 

      They can move relatively easily from atom to atom inside the mineral

    • C. 

      They react with protons to make neutrons in the outer valence shells

    • D. 

      They move to adjacent negative ions, forming positive ions

  • 15. 
    Which group of minerals are the most abundant in the Earth's crust?
    • A. 

      Sulfides

    • B. 

      Carbonates

    • C. 

      Silicates

    • D. 

      Chlorides

  • 16. 
    Which of the following describes the light reflecting and transmission characteristics of a mineral?
    • A. 

      Luster

    • B. 

      Color streak

    • C. 

      Virtual absorption

    • D. 

      Fluorescence

  • 17. 
    The sizes, shapes, and arrangements of mineral grains in an igneous rock are known as _______.
    • A. 

      Silica content

    • B. 

      Texture

    • C. 

      Mineral content

    • D. 

      Bowen's reaction series

  • 18. 
    Visible quartz and potassium feldspar grains are the main constituents in a ______.
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Gabbro

    • C. 

      Basalt

    • D. 

      Rhyolite

  • 19. 
    ________ has the same mineral composition as andesite?
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Granite

    • C. 

      Gabbro

    • D. 

      Diorite

  • 20. 
    The last minerals to crystallize on Bowen's reaction series result in igenous rocks with a ______ composition.
    • A. 

      Felsic

    • B. 

      Intermediate

    • C. 

      Mafic

    • D. 

      Ultramafic

  • 21. 
    Which type of basaltic lava flow has a fairly smooth, unfragmented, ropy surface?
    • A. 

      Aa

    • B. 

      Pegmatitic

    • C. 

      Paheohoe

    • D. 

      Scoria

  • 22. 
    ____________ magma is the most abundant type of erupted at oceanic spreading centers.
    • A. 

      Basaltic

    • B. 

      Granitic

    • C. 

      Andesitic

    • D. 

      Pegmatitic

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      The rock heats up and expands at lower pressures, causing it to liquefy

    • B. 

      Temperatures remain high as lowered pressures decrease melting temperatures.

    • C. 

      The lowered pressures cause rapid heat loss accompanied by melting.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    _______ are usually the most abundant gasses emitted during basaltic volcanism.
    • A. 

      Chlorine and sodium

    • B. 

      Neon and ammonia

    • C. 

      Oxygen and nitrogen

    • D. 

      Water and carbon dioxide

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Melting temperatures of silicate rocks increase with increased pressure

    • B. 

      Melting temperatures of silicate rocks are lowered by small amounts of water

    • C. 

      Basalt magmas in general have higher temperatures than rhyolite magmas

    • D. 

      When magma reaches the surface, its dissolved gas content increases