An Intermediate Level Geology Exam Practice Test Part- II

122 Questions | Total Attempts: 53

SettingsSettingsSettings
An Intermediate Level Geology Exam Practice Test Part- II - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1) Which of the following is an example of ecological convergence?
    • A. 

      A) humans descending from early primates

    • B. 

      B) vertebrates moving onto land in the Paleozoic

    • C. 

      C) canine-bearing marsupials in Australia and wolves in North America

    • D. 

      D) the Cambrian explosion

  • 2. 
    6) Why is Syracuse called the “Salt City”?
    • A. 

      A) Excessive amount of salt on roads in winter

    • B. 

      B) Abundant salt-water spray from the Atlantic Ocean

    • C. 

      C) Past salt extraction

    • D. 

      D) Presence of salt in the subsurface

    • E. 

      E) Options a and b

  • 3. 
    7) Which of the following is not a possible cause of the Cambrian explosion?
    • A. 

      A) rise in sea level

    • B. 

      B) rise in atmospheric oxygen

    • C. 

      C) ecological changes

    • D. 

      D) a major meteorite impact

    • E. 

      E) change in seawater chemistry

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      A) indicate the age of the individual

    • B. 

      B) are a growth structure

    • C. 

      C) separate septa

    • D. 

      D) options a and b

    • E. 

      E) options b and c

  • 5. 
    The demise of the stromatolites was caused by
    • A. 

      A) Meteorite impact

    • B. 

      B) Snowball Earth glaciations

    • C. 

      C) Regression

    • D. 

      D) Transgression

    • E. 

      E) Predators

  • 6. 
    1) The sedimentary rocks under the city of Syracuse were deposited
    • A. 

      A) in a broad shallow sea

    • B. 

      B) in a deep sea trench

    • C. 

      C) represent a graptolite facies

    • D. 

      D) on the side of a volcano

    • E. 

      E) none of the above

  • 7. 
    11) The principal constituent of most modern shell material is
    • A. 

      A) apatite

    • B. 

      B) calcium carbonate

    • C. 

      C) silicate

    • D. 

      D) native iron

  • 8. 
    12) The Cambrian Period was characterized by
    • A. 

      A) appearance of organisms with shells, spines, and hard skeletons

    • B. 

      B) active rifting within most continents

    • C. 

      C) low sea level

    • D. 

      D) spread of lush vegetation on land

  • 9. 
    14) Well-sorted, quartz-dominated sandstone is most likely to form from sediments deposited
    • A. 

      A) at the bottom of a deep lake

    • B. 

      B) on a coral reef

    • C. 

      C) on a beach

    • D. 

      D) in the deepest parts of the oceans

    • E. 

      E) beneath a glacier

  • 10. 
    15) What supports the hypothesis that life originated at hydrothermal vents?
    • A. 

      A) more oxygen is available at hydrothermal vents

    • B. 

      B) deep water would protect early life from ultraviolet radiation

    • C. 

      C) cold water found at hydrothermal vents would encourage development of bacteria

    • D. 

      D) lightning would provide an energy source at hydrothermal vents

  • 11. 
    16) The driving mechanism for plate tectonics is
    • A. 

      A) Ridge-push and slab-pull forces

    • B. 

      B) Subduction zones

    • C. 

      C) Convection in the mantle

    • D. 

      D) Options a and b

    • E. 

      E) Options a and c

  • 12. 
    17) Foreland basins are formed at
    • A. 

      A) convergent plate boundaries

    • B. 

      B) divergent plate boundaries

    • C. 

      C) strike-slip plate boundaries

    • D. 

      D) none of the above

  • 13. 
    18) Near the end of the Ordovician, the Earth’s climate was warm
    • A. 

      A) true

    • B. 

      B) false

  • 14. 
    19) During Cambrian times North America was positioned
    • A. 

      A) under the north pole

    • B. 

      B) under the south pole

    • C. 

      C) at tropical latitudes

    • D. 

      D) about where it is now

  • 15. 
    20) In the early Cambrian the primitive North American craton was the site of widespread transgression
    • A. 

      A) True

    • B. 

      B) False

  • 16. 
    21) The Snowball Earth crisis
    • A. 

      A) occurred at the peak of the last glaciation

    • B. 

      B) occurred at the end of meteorite bombardment

    • C. 

      C) occurred in the Proterozoic

    • D. 

      D) occurred in the Cambrian

  • 17. 
    22) An example of a mineralogically “mature” sedimentary rock is a
    • A. 

      A) conglomerate

    • B. 

      B) granite

    • C. 

      C) quartz-rich sandstone

    • D. 

      D) feldspar-rich breccia

  • 18. 
    23) The age of the Proterozoic-Cambrian Boundary is
    • A. 

      A) 3.8 billion years

    • B. 

      B) 2.5 billion years

    • C. 

      C) 1.5 billion years

    • D. 

      D) 540 million years

    • E. 

      E) 270 million years

  • 19. 
    24) Rodinia refers to
    • A. 

      A) a late Proterozoic supercontinent

    • B. 

      B) a type of radioactive decay

    • C. 

      C) a moon of Jupiter

    • D. 

      D) an early Cambrian organism

  • 20. 
    25) An oolite is
    • A. 

      A) An organelle of eukaryotic cells

    • B. 

      B) a type ofsediment on the Martian surface

    • C. 

      C) a carbonate deposit

    • D. 

      D) a gas-generated lava texture

  • 21. 
    26) Place the following time periods in their proper order (oldest to youngest): 1) Archean 2) Cambrian 3) Proterozoic 4) Silurian
    • A. 

      A) 4,2,3,1

    • B. 

      B) 1,3,2,4

    • C. 

      C) 2,3,4,1

    • D. 

      D) 2,3,1,4

  • 22. 
    27) The Snowball Earth glaciation may have been induced by
    • A. 

      A) A decrease in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere

    • B. 

      B) An increasing distance from the sun

    • C. 

      C) A marked decrease in the albedo

    • D. 

      D) evolution of the Ediacaran fauna

    • E. 

      E) none of the above

  • 23. 
     Precambrian rocks are most common
    • A. 

      A) on oceanic islands

    • B. 

      B) on continental margins

    • C. 

      C) at mid-ocean ridges

    • D. 

      D) near subduction zones

    • E. 

      E) in the centers of continents

  • 24. 
    In the Cambrian, the continents
    • A. 

      A) did not exist

    • B. 

      B) were covered by lush tropical forests

    • C. 

      C) were barren of vegetation

    • D. 

      D) hosted a rich variety of land animals

    • E. 

      E) none of the above

  • 25. 
     Modern Plate Tectonics began about 
    • A. 

      A) 4.5 billion years ago

    • B. 

      B) 2-2.5 billion years ago

    • C. 

      C) 545 million years ago

    • D. 

      D) 65 million years ago

    • E. 

      E) 2 million years ago

Back to Top Back to top