Its All About Geology Exam Quiz

86 Questions | Total Attempts: 78

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Its All About Geology Exam Quiz - Quiz

Here's a compilation of all the questions. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What causes plates to move across the Earth's Surface?
    • A. 

      Centrifugal force of the Earth's rotation spins plates across the surface.

    • B. 

      Volcanic eruptions on the seafloor push plates apart

    • C. 

      Tidal forces drive plates motion

    • D. 

      Movement of plates is surface manifestation of convection in the mantle.

  • 2. 
    What valuable purpose does a scientific hypothesis serve?
    • A. 

      It reveals the absolute truth

    • B. 

      It provides the basis for testable predictions

    • C. 

      It can never be changed

    • D. 

      It is a complete representation of the real world

  • 3. 
    Most of the common minerals in the crust are
    • A. 

      Gemstone

    • B. 

      Silicates

    • C. 

      Peridotites

    • D. 

      Cheese

  • 4. 
    Rates of seafloor spreading today are on the order of
    • A. 

      Cent per hr

    • B. 

      Mi per yr

    • C. 

      Km per yr

    • D. 

      Cent per yr

  • 5. 
    Which is an example of divergent plate boundary
    • A. 

      Easy African Rift

    • B. 

      Himalayas

    • C. 

      Andes

    • D. 

      San Andreas fault

  • 6. 
    In the rock cycle weathering
    • A. 

      Creates mountains

    • B. 

      Causes metamorphism

    • C. 

      Creates sediment

    • D. 

      Creates volcanoes

  • 7. 
    The Lithosphere
    • A. 

      Is the thinner part of the crust found under the oceans

    • B. 

      Is the rocky part of the crust found under the mountains

    • C. 

      Is made of the crust and the uppermost mantle

    • D. 

      Is made of the mantle and the asthenosphere

  • 8. 
    One of the fastest geologic proccess is
    • A. 

      Sediment accumulation in the deep sea

    • B. 

      Landslide movement

    • C. 

      Ground breaking during earthquake

    • D. 

      Erosion of river valleys

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true of minerals
    • A. 

      They are crystalline

    • B. 

      They posses a definite chemical composition

    • C. 

      They are naturally occurring

    • D. 

      They are usually organic

  • 10. 
    Iron and magnesium are similar in size and both have a +2 charge. Therefore we would expect
    • A. 

      Iron and mag to bond easily

    • B. 

      Iron and mag to share electrons

    • C. 

      Iron and mag to form minerals with diff crystal structure

    • D. 

      Iron and mag to substitute for each other within the crystal structure of minerals

  • 11. 
    The CO2 emission from human activity in 2009 is about
    • A. 

      40000 tons of CO2/yr

    • B. 

      40000 million tons of CO2/yr

    • C. 

      400000million tons of CO2/yr

    • D. 

      Unknown

  • 12. 
    When an atom loses an electron in its outer shell, it becomes
    • A. 

      Negatively charged

    • B. 

      Positively charged

    • C. 

      Neutral

    • D. 

      Heavier in weight.

  • 13. 
    Which of the following rocks form from molten material cooling and solidifying within the Earth's crust
    • A. 

      Volcanic

    • B. 

      Plutonic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Metamorphic

  • 14. 
    Molten rock within the earth is called
    • A. 

      Silica

    • B. 

      Limestone

    • C. 

      Lava

    • D. 

      Magma

  • 15. 
    In the rock cycle, weathering
    • A. 

      Creates mountains

    • B. 

      Causes metamorphism

    • C. 

      Creates sediment

    • D. 

      Creates volcanoes

  • 16. 
    How do geologists know that diamond is the hardest mineral?
    • A. 

      They conduct molecular analyses

    • B. 

      The conduct a crush test

    • C. 

      They conducts a scratch test

    • D. 

      They conduct a streak test

  • 17. 
    How many electrons fit into most levels of an atom?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      16

  • 18. 
    What type of minerals dissolves best in water
    • A. 

      Metallically bonded minerals

    • B. 

      Covalently bonded minerals

    • C. 

      Ionically bonded minerals

    • D. 

      Single-element minerals

  • 19. 
    A synonym for plutonic is
    • A. 

      Cold

    • B. 

      Intrusive

    • C. 

      Watery

    • D. 

      Extrusive

  • 20. 
    Where are contact metamorphosis rocks found
    • A. 

      Next to lava flows or igneous intrusions

    • B. 

      At the top of cliffs and mountains

    • C. 

      In places of high pressure

    • D. 

      Next to sedimentary rocks

  • 21. 
    Contrast volcanic rock and sandstone
    • A. 

      Sandstone has crystals but volcanic rock is amorphous

    • B. 

      Sandstone's crystal cement is made of minerals precipitated out of water, while volcanic rock's cyrstals formed from molten rock.

    • C. 

      Volcanic rock's cystral cement is glass-like, while sandstone's cement is opaque

  • 22. 
    What are the two most abundant elements by weight in the Earth's crust?
    • A. 

      Calcium and oxygen

    • B. 

      Silicone and oxygen

    • C. 

      Iron and aluminum

  • 23. 
    Mantle rocks can melt due to
    • A. 

      Increase in pressure

    • B. 

      Addition of water

    • C. 

      Decrease in temperature

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    Rocks originating from eruption of motlen material at the sruface are called ________ rocks
    • A. 

      Lava

    • B. 

      Volcanic

    • C. 

      Pyrolcastic

    • D. 

      Intrusive

  • 25. 
    Synonym for volcanic
    • A. 

      Extrusive

    • B. 

      Intrusive

    • C. 

      Plutonic

    • D. 

      Lava

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