Geology 105 Final Exam

120 Questions | Total Attempts: 44

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Geology Exam Quizzes & Trivia

Study prep for final exam


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A reverse fault that intersects the Earth's surface at a shallow angle is called a __________________.
    • A. 

      Threshold Fault

    • B. 

      Thrust Fault Abnormal Fault

    • C. 

      Inverse Fault

    • D. 

      Strike/Slip Fault

  • 2. 
    What two theories were merged into the modern Theory of Plate Tectonics?
    • A. 

      Continental Drift and Seafloor Spreading

    • B. 

      Quantum Chromodynamics and Special Relativity

    • C. 

      Natural Selection and Genomics

    • D. 

      Gravity and Thermodynamics

    • E. 

      Geomagnetic Reversal and Seafloor Plowing

  • 3. 
    What part of the Earth's mantle behaves in a ductile manner, which facilitates (makes possible) tectonic plate motion:
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Asthenosphere

    • C. 

      Mesosphere

    • D. 

      Hydrosphere

    • E. 

      Lithosphere

  • 4. 
    P-waves from major earthquakes cannot be detected in a ring shaped region of the Earth's crust, called P-wave shadow, because ____________________________.
    • A. 

      P-waves are refracted by interfaces between layers within the Earth

    • B. 

      P-waves cannot travel through liquids

    • C. 

      P-waves are absorbed by the mantle

    • D. 

      This region of the crust is too ductile for earthquake waves

  • 5. 
    The oldest oceanic lithosphere on Earth is _____________.
    • A. 

      65-67 million years old

    • B. 

      250-275 million years old

    • C. 

      4.2-4.3 billion years old

    • D. 

      4.5-4.6 billion years old

    • E. 

      6000 years old

  • 6. 
    Which sequence below is the correct progression of rock types resulting from increasing metamorphism of shale parent rock?
    • A. 

      Quartz, Sandstone, Granite, Granulite

    • B. 

      Slate, Phyllite, Schist, Gneiss

    • C. 

      Limestone, Dolostone, Marble, Diamond

    • D. 

      Lignite, Bituminous, Anthracite, Graphite

  • 7. 
    What are the two fundamental types of metamorphic rock texture:
    • A. 

      Aphanitic and Phaneritic

    • B. 

      Foliated and Non-foliated

    • C. 

      Volcanic and Plutonic

    • D. 

      Porpheritic and Pegmatitic

    • E. 

      Detrital and Clastic

  • 8. 
    The largest region of the earth's internal structure by volume is the core.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    The Islands of Hawaii are formed from basaltic volcanic rocks. They are an example of the kind of volcanic activity associated with:
    • A. 

      Divergent plates

    • B. 

      A deep mantle plume or hot spot

    • C. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below an oceanic plate

    • D. 

      Convergent continental plates

    • E. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below a continental plate

  • 10. 
    The Himalayan Mountains are an example of the type of mountain building associated with:
    • A. 

      Divergent plates

    • B. 

      A deep mantle plume or hot spot

    • C. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below an oceanic plate

    • D. 

      Convergent continental plates

    • E. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below a continental plate

  • 11. 
    The average composition of the Earth's oceanic crust is roughly equivalent to ________________.
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Basalt

    • C. 

      Peridotite/Olivine

    • D. 

      Metallic iron

    • E. 

      Liquid iron

  • 12. 
    Which of the following metamorphism of a shale parent rock?
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Argylite

    • C. 

      Limestone

    • D. 

      Marble

    • E. 

      Anthracite

  • 13. 
    Metamorphic rocks can be made from other metamorphic rocks?
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which type of seismic waves can travel through liquids?
    • A. 

      Sine waves

    • B. 

      Cosine waves

    • C. 

      Shear waves

    • D. 

      Compressional waves

    • E. 

      Microwaves

  • 15. 
    Metamorphic rocks with foliated textures result from waht type of pressure?
    • A. 

      Anisotrophic

    • B. 

      Bilateral

    • C. 

      Radial

    • D. 

      Isotropic

    • E. 

      Translational

  • 16. 
    Japan and the Kuril Islands are formed from basaltic volcanic rocks. They are an example of the kind of volcanic activity associated with:
    • A. 

      Divergent plates

    • B. 

      A deep mantle plume or hot spot

    • C. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below an oceanic plate

    • D. 

      Convergent continental plates

    • E. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below a continental plate

  • 17. 
    The Great Rift Valley of Africa represents the type of faulting and volcanism associated with:
    • A. 

      Divergent plates

    • B. 

      A deep mantle plume or hot spot

    • C. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below an oceanic plate

    • D. 

      Convergent continental plates

    • E. 

      Subduction of an oceanic plate below a continental plate

  • 18. 
    The distinct sequence of rock units that represents a slice of oceanic lithosphere and upper mantle is called an _________________.
    • A. 

      Oligocene

    • B. 

      Orogenesis

    • C. 

      Oceanite

    • D. 

      Ophiolite

    • E. 

      Oolitic

  • 19. 
    The region of the earth's internal structure that has properties consistent with liquid iron is the:
    • A. 

      Atmosphere

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Mantle

    • D. 

      Outer Core

    • E. 

      Inner Core

  • 20. 
    The atmospheric  phenomenon commonly called the "southern lights" is the:
    • A. 

      Aurora Fastidious

    • B. 

      Aurora Frigidis

    • C. 

      Aurora Borealis

    • D. 

      Aurora Aromaticis

    • E. 

      Aurora Australis

  • 21. 
    Structural folds such as anticlines and synclines are examples of what kind of deformation?
    • A. 

      Brittle Deformation

    • B. 

      Ductile Deformation

    • C. 

      Non-Deformation

    • D. 

      Melting Flow

    • E. 

      Fusion Deformation

  • 22. 
    Shock metamorphism results from the collision of two continental lithospheric plates.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Stress is the response of a material, such as rock, to applied strain.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Anthracite is a metamorphic form of coal and therefore produces very little energy return when burned.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Which of these is not like the others? Which term does not belong to the group?
    • A. 

      Eclogitic

    • B. 

      Fused Granular

    • C. 

      Porphyroblastic

    • D. 

      Gneissic Banding

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